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ZAHRHOI SANOATi

zahrhoi-sanoatiZAHRHOI SANOATi, moddahoi khimiyavie, ki hangomi rioya nakardani qoidahoi tekhnikai bekhatari va gigienai mehnat ba organizmi odam zarar merasonand. Tasiri Z. s. favri yo tadriji meshavad. Muqarrar gashtaast, ki miqdori kami moddahoi zararnoki mahlul yo havo nisbat ba zakhirai doimii khudi hamon zahrho (dar tuli yak vaqt) ba organizm beshtar zarar meovarad.
Metallhoi vaznin, inchunin surbu simob, payvasthoi aromati, nitropayvastho, aminopayvastho, karbogidridhoi galogendor va payvasthoi organikii fosfor az qabili Z. s. meboshand. Onho ba organizmi zan va tifli batni u tasiri nomusoid merasonand.
Bo maqsadi peshgirii zahroludi az tekhnologiyai istehsolot zahrhoi qotilro raf mesozand yo ba joi onho moddahoi zahrnokiashon kamro kor mefarmoyand. Ruzi kutohi kor, rukhsatii bardavomi ashkhose, ki bo zahr sarukor dorand, istifodai havotozakunak, libosi muhofizati, protivogaz, respirator, zud-zud ivaz namudani libosi tag, muoinai tibbi, aniq kardani odamone, ki naboyad bo Z. s. kor kunand, gizoi shifoi va g. az qabili omilhoi bosamari peshgirii Z. s. meboshand.
Ilman asosnok kardani akti qonunguzorii sanitari (masalai ba etidoli gigieni ovardani omilhoi muhiti atrof) va muqarrar namudani haddi imkonpaziri konsentratsiya (HIK; miqdori Z. s.-e, ki dar tuli kori hashtsoata to okhiri umr ba kormandon zarar namekunad) niz bagoyat muhim meboshad. HIK dar asnoi tahiyai loihai binohoi istehsolot, jarayoni tekhnologi, tajhizot va ventilyatsiya va g. meyori hatmii sanitari mahsub meshavad.
Rioyai meyorhoi HIK boyad bo rohi tashkili jarayoni muayyani tekhnologi va mutobiq bo meyorhoi sanitari takmil dodani tajhizot tamin karda shavad.

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