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ZAGIR

zagirZAGIR (Linum usitatissimum), rastaniest yaksola. Az 30 to 120 sm qad mekashad. Poyai panjazada, bargi neshtarshakl, guli nilobi, kabud, bazan safed yo gulobi, guzai sertukhm, tukhmi qahvarangi zardtob dorad. Z.-ro az qadim hamchun ziroat meparvarand. Ravgani Z. dar tekhnika, sanoati khurokvori, rangubor, bofandagi, charmgari va g. vase istifoda meshavad.
Dar tibbi qadim tukhmi Z. ba sifati davoi halkunanda va narmsozanda ba kor burda meshud. Bino ba malumoti Abualii Sino tukhmi biryoni Z. baroi rafi surfai tar, zakhmi peshobdon va gurda mufid ast. Buidani dudi tukhmi Z. zukomro raf mesozad. Jushobi tukhmi onro yakjoya bo ravgani sadbarg huqna kunand baroi zakhmi ruda nafi ziyod dorad. Tukhmi bo sodai tabii va anjir omekhtai on marhami khubest baroi dogi kunjidak. Tukhmi Z.-ro bo hissai barobari chillikgul va asal omekhta ba nokhun moland, chindoriyu durushtii nokhunhoro bartaraf mesozad. Marhami tukhmi Z. varamhoi purharorat, bakhusus varami pushti gushro gardonda, omoshoi sakhtro mepazonad.
Muvofiqi malumoti Muhammad Husayni SHerozi istemoli 3 dirham (8,9g) tukhmi Z. sanduqi sinaro toza, omoshoi jigar va dig. uzvhoro nest mekunad. Zagiri biryon khunpartoiro bozmedorad va hangomi sulfai purazob mufid ast. Muddati tuloni har ruz nim misqol istemol kardani Z. dar mavridi dardi ruda naf dorad, davoi khubi peshobron va araqovar ast, shiri modaronro ziyod va organizmro narm mekunad, ba zakhmi gurda va peshobdon naf meorad. Marhami onro ba omosho va zakhmi sar memoland. Hokai tukhmi biryoni Z.-ro ba jarohat poshand, onro mekhushkonad va dardu suzishro taskin mebakhshad.
Tabiboni khalqi ba maqsadi davoi tukhm va ravgani Z.-ro istifoda mebarand. Tukhmi Z. chun davoi balgamovar va ziddi surfa hangomi iltihobi shush, bronkhithoi muzmin va shadid tavsiya megardad. Onho hamchunin davoi isholovar meboshand. Bo in maqsad 2 chumcha zagiri kuftaro dar 1 istakon obi jush omekhta, ruze 2 – 3 marotiba 100 – 150 ml menushand. Jushobi tukhmi Z. varam va dardi sangi masonaro davo mebakhshad. Ravgani Z. baroi muolijai sil, kholesistiti muzmin, dardi shadidi rudai gafs va bavosir nafovar ast.
Ba aqidai tabiboni mardumi guli Z.-ro bikhurand, dilro qavi megardonad. Tukhmi onro kufta, bo obi khunuk sirishta guzoshta bandand, dardi sarero, ki az varam kardani mayna boshad, shifo mebakhshad. Luobi tukhmi Z.-ro dar chashm chakonand, surkhii onro daf mekunad. Z.-ro kufta, bo asal khamir sokhta, lesida bikhurand, surfai balgamiro davo meboshad. Agar 10,5 g tukhmi Z.-ro biryon karda, kufta bikhurand, khunpartoi va surfai tarro shifo mebakhshad. CHun 11 g tukhmi onro pok karda, dar ob jushonand va luobro yakjoya bo tukhmhoyash biyoshomand va chand ruz ba in mudovamat namoyand, sangi gurdaro mayda karda merezonad. Ba in luob asal va 4 – 5 dona murchro kufta omekhta namoyand va hamaashro biyoshomand va tabobatro 6 – 7 ruz davom dihand, baroi kasone, ki az mardiashon mahrum gashta boshand, khele mufid ast. Tukhmi Z.-ro kufta, bo tanakor va khokistar sirishta guzoshta bandand, ozakhro khushk karda merezonad.
Luobi Z. baroi tabobati zakhmi azoi hozima kumak merasonad. Bo in maqsad 1 hissa Z.-ro dar 2 hissa obi jush andokhta, 15 daqiqa meomezand. Badi khunuk shudanash, onro polida, ruze 20 – 30 daqiqa pesh az khurok 3 – 4 marotiba 0,5 – 1 chumcha istemol mekunand. Ravgani Z. baroi peshgiri va tabobati bemorihoi marbut ba ikhtiloli mubodilai charb, bakhusus ateroskleroz istifoda meshavad. On ba sifati davoi isholovari sabuk hangomi qabziyat (shab 1 – 2 chumcha) niz mufid ast. Dorui linetolro, ki az ravgani Z. megirand, baroi muolija va peshgirii ateroskleroz istifoda mebarand. Onro inchunin ba joyhoi sukhta va jarohathoi shuoii pust niz memoland.
Ad.: Nuraliev YU., Lekarstvennie rasteniya, D., 1988; Zohidov H., Kanzi shifo, D., 1998.

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