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ZAGIRAK

zagirakZAGIRAK (Linaria popovii), zagirgiyoh, zagirkahak, giyohest bisyorsola. Az 20 to 100 sm qad mekashad. Poyaash rost, beshokh, qismi boloiyash shokhchador. Bargash paydarhami bedumcha, neshtarshakl. Gulash zardtob, tukhmash buri siyohtob, gurdashakl. Apr. – avg. gul karda tukhm mebandad.
Z. dar biyobon, beshazori garmser, margzorhoi subalpi, zaminhoi bekorkhobida, kanori rohho, daryobod, nishebihoi sersangu shagal va chun alafi begona dar kishtzori lalmi meruyad. Dar mavzehoi Qurama, Mevagul, Sirdaryo, Turkiston, Zarafshon, Hisoru Darvoz, Tojikistoni Janubi va Pomiri Garbi pahn shudaast.
Tabiboni khalqi (asosan dar shimoli Tojikiston) naqe yo choyi «alaf»-i Z.-ro chun davoi talkharon, isholovar, peshobron va araqron tavsiya medihand. Jushobi tukhmi Z. davoi khubi kijjaron ast. Bo jushobi bargu poyai Z. hangomi kasalihoi pust (shukufa, ekzema, khorishak) obbozi mekunand. Dar bargu poyai Z. alkaloidi peganin yoft shudaast, ki hangomi zaf va distrofiyai mushakho, miopatiya davoi khub meboshad (onro 1-qursi ruze 2 – 3 marotiba tain mekunand). Muqarrar shudaast, ki peganin fishori sharayonro past karda, ba faoliyati rudaho taqviyat mebakhshad, tasiri talkharoni va mushil (darunron) dorad.
Ad.: Qobilov N.M., Lekarstvennie rasteniya Tadjikistana, D., 1962; Kovaleva N.G., Lechenie rasteniyami, M., 1972; Turova A.D., Lekarstvennie rasteniya SSSR i ikh primenenie, M., 1974; Gammerman A.F., Grom I.I., Dikorastushie lekarstvennie rasteniya SSSR, M., 1976; Hodjimatov M., Dikorastushie lekarstvennie rasteniya Tadjikistana, D., 1989.

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