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Vazi siyosii Ispaniya bad az inqilobi solhoi 1868 – 1874

Mohi dekabri soli 1874 badi tabadduloti harbii davlaty, ki ba inqilobi burjuazy khotima guzosht, chi tavre ki guftem, dar Ispaniya mutlaqiyat az nav barqaror karda shud. Sokhti davlatii Ispaniya az tarafi Konstitutsiyae, ki soli 1876 qabul karda shuda bud, muqarrar karda shud. In konstitutsiya be yagon tagyiroti jiddi to soli 1931 kor kard.

Konstitutsiyai soli 1876 Ispaniyaro mutlaqiyati konstitugsiony va Alfonsi XII Burbonro shohi qonuni nomid. Ba shoh hokimiyati ijroiya doda shud. U hak dosht vazironro tayin va yo ba istefo gusel kunonad, korteshoro davat va yo parokanda namoyad. Dar barobari in u vazifador bud, ki dar zarfi Mohi badi parokanda karda shudani kortesho ba on intikhoboti navro doyr gardonad. SHoh qonunhoi qabulkardai korteshoro tasdiq mekard va ba artishu flot sarfarmondehi oli bud.

Hokimiyati qonunguzor ba kortesho taalluqdosht, ki on az du palatai barobarhuquq – senat va palatam vakilon iborat bud. Dar senat azoi sulolai hukmron va olimartabagoni Ispaniya jam omada budand: onhoe, ki dar yak sol na kamtar az 60 hazor peset daromad doshtand, patriarkh, arkhiepnskopho, dorandagonn rutbahoi balandi harbii artish, senatorhoe, ki shoh yakumra tayin mekard va gayra. Dar moddai 13 konstitugsiya ba hamai shahrvandon ozodii sukhan, matbuot, tashkil namudann sozmonho va doir namudani majlisho kafolat doda meshud. Lekin muvofiqi moddai 17-i on hukumat metavonist hamin ozodihoi demokratiro bekor kunad.

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