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VOQEAHOI SOLI 1991-um

Tobistoni soli 1988 konfronsi 19-umi Hizbi kommu- nisti Ittihodi shuravi yak qatnomai islohoti qabul karda bud, ki on yak qator islohoti siyosi-ijtimoi, az jumla ozodii bayonro kafolat medod. Dar asari hamin islohot dar Tojikiston harakathoi mardumi va rasonahoi mustaqil arzi vujud karda budand. 25 fevrali soli 1990 intikhoboti SHuroi olii Jumhurii shuravii susiyolistii Tojikiston barguzor shud, ki dar on namoyandahoi ziyoiyon, ruhoniyon va demokratho niz sohibi chand joy shudand. In vakilon faoloni harakathoi mardumii dar natijai islohot bavujudomada budand.

Massovie besporyadki, proizoshedshie v Dushanbe s 10 po 17 fevralya 1990 goda. V gorode obyavleno voennoe polojenie. Tanki na prospekte Lenina.
Massovie besporyadki, proizoshedshie v Dushanbe s 10 po 17 fevralya 1990 goda. V gorode obyavleno voennoe polojenie. Tanki na prospekte Lenina.

Mohi marti soli 90 kungurai SHuroi olii Ittihodi shu- ravi moddai 6 sarqonuni kishvarro, ki sultai Hizbi kommu- nistiro tamin mekard, bekor kard. Dar natija, harakathoi mardumi dar Tojikiston ittihodiyavu hizbhoi siyosii khudro sabt kardand, ki buzurgtarinashon harakati «Rastokhez», Hizbi demokrat, Hizbi nahzati islomi va jamiyati «Lali Badakh- shon» bud, ki az zoviyai mukholifat ba Hizbi koimunist va ni- zomi kommunisti amal mekardand.

Qahhor Mahkamov hamchun namoyandai Hizbi kommunist az ku- datoi nizomiyon, ki 19-21 avgusti soli 1991 dar Maskav barguzor shud, tarafdori kard. Badi nokomii in kushishi tabaddulot mukholifoni Mahkamov tazohuroti gustarda tashkil kardand. In tazohurot az tazohuroti «Bahmani navad» farq dosht. Onro namoyandagoni Hizbi demokrat rohbari mekardand. Mardum nisbatan oromona maydonnishini mekardand va namoyandago- nashon dar dokhili bino – dar majlisi SHuroi oli talabhoi onhoro matrah mekardand.

Man chunin tazohurotro dar yak soli dar Hind budanam borho didaam. Namoyandagoni anjumanho va hizbhoi mukholif tarafdoronashonro ba maydon barovarda, talabhoi onhoro ba gushi hukumatdoron merasondand va haqqashonro talab me- kardand. Maydoni peshi qasri Raisi jumhur dar Dehli khele farokh bud. Bazan dar on izdihomi buzurg jam meshud, ki man in tedodi odamro faqat dar hamon jo didaam. Vale hech goh tazohurkunandagon ba benazmi va khushunat dast namezadand. Rohbaroni tazohurot sukhanroni mekardand va shior medodand, mardum bo kafkubi yo girev dastgirii khudro izhor mekard. Namoyandagoni tazohurotchiyon bo namoyandagoni maqomot mu- zokira karda, ba tavofuq merasidand va natijaro ba mardum fahmonda ba tazohurot khotima medodand yo agar maqomot baroi ijroi talabhoi mardum fursat khohad, muhlat muqarrar mekar- dand. Hamin tazohuroti ruzhoi 29-31 avgust dar Dushanbe ba on tazohurothoi dar Hind didaam monand bud.

Mukholifoni Mahkamov baroi tarafdori az GKCHP va voqeai bahmanmohi khunin uro shadidan tanqid karda, istefoi u va mani faoliyati Hizbi kommunistro talab mekardand. In jalasai majlisi SHuroi oli az tariqi televizor namoish doda meshud. CHand ruze, ki in jalasa davom kard, odamon az nazdi televizorho dur nameshudand va bo ragbat rafti jalasaro ta- mosho mekardand. Hudi mukolamai bayni tarafho jolib surat megirift va chand chiz az in jalasaho virdi zabonho shud.

Masalan, kursii nishasti vakili mardumi Tohiri Abdu- jabbor dar nazdi mikrofoni shashum bud, ki u har lahza khesta, peshnihodho mekard va fikrashro dar borai masalai bahs ibroz mekard. Nogufta namonad, ki u peshnihodhoi behtarinro medod va tarikh isbot kard, ki har harfash sarivaqti bud va faqat az zoviyai hifzi manfiathoi milli harf mezad. Na- medonam, az chi sabab u ba lahjai eroni suhbat mekard. Qismi ziyodi vakiloni majlis kommunist va shuravigaroho budand va az sukhanronihoi Tohir khushashon nameomad. Az jumla, sad- ri majlis ba u imkoni sukhan kardan namedod yo mikrofonro khomush mekard, ki tamoshoi in hama baroi hangomatalabon khele jolib bud. Mardum agar purguii kasero qat kardani shavand, «mikrofoni shashro khomush kun», gufta mazoh mekardand. YO ba joi «meshavad» «mishe – namishe» gufta, lahjai uro talkha medodand.

CHashmakzanii Turajonzodaro ba sui sadri majlis navor- bardori televizion khele khub ba navor girifta bud, ki onro gashtayu bargashta hamchun isboti duruyagii u pakhsh kardand, ki in ham sarusadoi ziyod ba bor ovarda bud.

Mahkamov pesh az istefo dodan:

  • Man hanuz javonam, moned kor kunam, – guft.

YAke az mukholifon ba Mahkamov bo istehzo:

  • YAk bor mard shaved, istefo dihed, – guft.

Nihoyat Mahkamov:

  • Hayr man meravam, vale shumo pushaymon meshaved, – gufta istefo dod.

Ijrokunandai vazifai Raisi jumhur tibqi qonun Qad- riddin Aslonov tain gardid. 9 sentyabri soli 1991 ijlosiyai gayrinavbatii SHuroi olii Tojikiston «Izhorot dar borai Istiqloliyati davlatii Jumhurii Tojikiston»-ro qabul kar- da, Tojikistonro kishvari mustaqil elon kard.

Dar Ittihodi SHuravi solhoi okhir rasm bud, ki vaqti az kor raftani maqomdoroni balandpoya ba onho tuhfae medodand. Masalan, ba sardori korkhona ijozat medodand, ki moshini khizmatiyash yo khonai istiqomatiyashro shakhsi kunad. Zamoni ba istefo raftani Qahhor Mahkamov molikiyati khususi ijozat shuda bud, az in sabab ba u ijozat dodand, ki binoi notamo- mero dar markazi shahr, dar kuchai Foteh Niyozi shakhsi kunad. Mahkamov bo SHukurov Amir nom sohibkor robitai dusti dosht. Az sababi on ki in sohibkor ham korkhona va ham pul dosht, Mahkamov huquqi kharidi in binoro ba u voguzorid va khudash hamchun muovini raisi hamin shirkat ba kor daromad. Honanda boyad in voqearo ba yod girad, zero molikiyati in bino badan ba man taalluq girift, ki hikoyaashro dar bobhoi badi khoham ovard.

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