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VISMUT

vismutVISMUT (lot. Bismuthum), Bi, elementi khimiyavii guruhi V jadvali Mendeleev; raqami at. 83, massai at. 208, 980. V. metalli nuqraguni khokistarrang ast; t gud. 271,3°S, t chush. 1560°S. V. dar tabiat dar namudi mineralhoi vismutin, bismit va chun metalli kholis vomekhurad. Hulahoi zudgudozi V.-ro dar asbobhoi sukhtornishon va dandonsozi kor mefarmoyand.
Dar amaliyai tib az tasiri afisi va antiseptikii doruhoi V. istifoda mebarand. Ba doruhoi vismutie, ki nisbatan beshtar korbast meshavand, nitrati vismut, vikalin, vikair, dermatol, kseroform va g. mansuband. Zeri tasiri doruhoi mazkur kolloidhoi mahluli khoriji hujayra, luob, ekssudatho galiz meshavand. Pardae, ki dar mavridi on tashakkul meyobad, nugi asabhoro az angezish hifz mekunad. Gayr az in, moddahoi mazkur boisi tang shudani juzii ragho va kam gashtani qobiliyati intiqolii onho megardand.
Doruhoi V.-ro baroi muolijai zakhmi meda va rudai duvozdahangushta, enterit, kolit, iltihobi luobpardaho va pust kor mefarmoyand. Baze doruhoi on dar muolijai sifilis istifoda meshavand (mas., biyokhinol, bismoverol va pentabismol).

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