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VIRUSOLOGIYA

virusologiiaVIRUSOLOGIYA (Vur(us)ologia; az virusho va …logiya), virusshinosi, ilmest oid ba virusho va bemorihoi virusi. V. okh. a. 19 badi az tarafi olimi rus D.I. Ivanovskiy (1892) kashf shudani mikroorganizmhoi nav (badtar virusho nom giriftand) az mikrobiologiya judo va fanni mustaqil shud. Qarib 1500 navi virusho malumand, ki boisi bemorihoi siroyatii odam, hayvonot, hasharot, rastani va bakteriyaho megardand. Dar bisyor mamlakatho muassisahoe mavjudand, ki ba judo kardanu tahqiq namudani virusho, inchunin tashkhis, peshgiri va tabobati amrozi virusi mashguland.
Zimni pajuhishho s. 1898 angezai oqsil va s. 1901 angezai gepatiti virusi oshkor gardid. V. khususan a. 20 rivoj yoft. Olimon ba tahqiqi tabiati virusho va paydoishi bemorihoi siroyati (bo istifoda az mikroskop), izotophoi radioaktiv, tahlili rentgenostrukturi dast zada, ba komyobihoi nazarras noil gashtand.
V. ba chand sohai mustaqil (V.-i umumi, V.-i kishovarzi, V.-i tibbi) judo meshavad. V.-i umumi afzoish, tasnifu qonuniyati tahavvul, tahqiqi biologiyu fiziologii virusho, tashkhisi virusologiyu serologii virus, muolijai amrozi virusi va g.-ro meomuzad. Mavzui tadqiqi V.-i kishovarzi kasalihoi hayvonot va rastani ast. V.-i tibbi oid ba etimologiya, tarzi peshgirii siroyat, usulhoi tadqiqi virusho bahs mekunad.
Dar Tojikiston tadqiqoti virusologi s-hoi 20-umi a. 20 ba roh monda shudand. S. 1928 dar laboratoriyai tablarzai khunrez va siroyati arbovirusii Pajuhishgohi epidemiologiya va gigiena rohhoi paydoishi bemorihoi siroyatii khavfnok mavridi omuzish qaror girift. Bisyor janbahoi V. dar DDTT ba nomi Abulali ibni Sino, Pajuhishgohi zoologiya va parazitologiyai AI JT, Pajuhishgohi peshgirii bemoriho niz tadqiq meshavand. Dar natija bisyor masalahoi V. – khosiyati inkishofi virusi gepatitho va grippi vogir, ki angezaash virusi tipi A2 meboshad, maqomi enterovirusho dar paydoishi amrozi meda, tasiri antibiotikho ba virusi trakhoma, rohhoi navi muayyan sokhtani tasiri virusi poliomielit muqarrar karda shudand. Alhol masalai muboriza bo bemorihoi zuhravii virusi, mas., VICH/SPID, gepatithoi V, S, sitomegaliya, siroyathoi papillomavirusi, virusi tabkhol, khlamidioz dar maddi avval qaror dorad. Dar in samt pajuhishhoi nazarras anjom paziruftaand.

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