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VENTILYATSIYA

ventiliatsiia (Ventilatio), ivaz kardani havoi daruni bino bo havoi toza. Hangomi dar dokhili iqomatgoh yo bino budani odamon tadrijan havoi on vaznin meshavad. Dar natija dar tarkibi havo miqdori gazi karbonat va dig. mahsuloti mubodilai moddaho (ammiak, sulfidi gidrogen va g.), hamchunin gubori alavi gaz, bugi matbakh, harorat, nami va g. meafzoyad.
V. du khel meshavad: tabii va suni. Hangomi V.-i tabii havo ba vositai bodkhon (ravzan) va surokhi daru tirezaho dar natijai farqi harorati darunu beruni bino ivaz megardad. CHunin tarzi shamol dodani khona doimi nest, binobar in behtarash bodkhoni tirezaro boz moned. V.-i suni bo yorii tajhizoti makhsus (bodkashho, kompressorho, nasosho, konditsioner va g.) ba jo ovarda meshavad.
Behtarin rohi ivaz kardani havoi khona dutarafa shamol dodani on (ba sharte, ki tirezaho dar muqobili yakdigar boshand) ast. Agar havoi berun khunuk boshad, khonaro dar vaqti nabudani odamon shamol dodan lozim, zero az tasiri jarayoni havoi sard ehtimol bemorihoi nazlavi (gripp, zukom, va g.) rukh namoyand.

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