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VENOPUNKSIYA

venepunksiyaVENOPUNKSIYA (Venaepunctio; az vena va punctio – surokh kardan), az boloi pust ba vena khalondani suzan. V. bo maqsadi khungiri, khundihi yo tazriqi doruho ba amal barovarda meshavad. Dar mavridi V. az suzanhoi diametrashon gunogun istifoda mekunand. V., odatan, dar varidi khami orinj, bandi dast, goho bujalak ijro karda meshavad; dar kudakoni shirkhor onro dar venahoi farqi sar ba jo meorand.
Hangomi punksiyai venai khami orinj dasti bemor boyad to haddi imkon rost va dar rui miz ustuvor qaror girad; baroi in dar zeri orinj bolishtak meguzorand. Bo maqsadi namoyon shudani vena bandi dastro bo rezin mebandand; on boyad ba vena fishor orad, vale harakati khunro dar sharayon khalaldor nasozad. Badi bastani bandi dast, bahri az khun pur shudani vena, bemor boyad chand bor panjaashro musht karda, raho sozad.
V. bo rioyai qoidahoi aseptika surat megirad. Odami masuli in kor qabl az V. dastashro bo sobun shusta, spirt (96%) memolad; pusti joi V.-ro niz bo spirt toza mekunand.
Venaro metavon dar du dafa yo yakbora surokh kard. Dar mavridi yakum suzanro bo dasti rost doshta (tarafi buridai on boyad bolo boshad), az boloi pust ohista ba vena nazdik meorand va az pahlu onro surokh menamoyand; dar in hangom ba fazoi kholi daromadani nugi suzan ehsos megardad. Agar suzan ba vena roh yofta boshad, pas dar okhiri on khun paydo meshavad. Dar surati nabudani khun, suzanro berun naovarda dubora ba vena khalidan lozim ast. Bad az paydo shudani khun, suzanro chand millimetr daruntar darovarda, baroi berun naomadan bo leykoplastr mechasponand. CHunin usuli V., odatan, baroi firistodani chakradoru kor farmuda meshavad.
V.-i yakbora malakayu mahorati makhsus mekhohad. Hangomi in usuli V. tarafi buridai suzanro poyon girifta, az boloi pust rost ba devorai vena mekhalonand. Badi ba vena roh yoftan, suzanro kame kham karda, ba pust zer menamoyand va andak peshtar tela medihand. CHunin rohi V. bo maqsadi giriftani khun baroi tahlil, hamchunin khungiri istifoda meshavad. Hangomi tazriqi doru rezinro badi khalondani suzan va dar vaqti khungiri pesh az kashida barovardani on kushodan lozim ast. Badi ijroi protsedura suzanro zud berun ovarda, ba joi on mahluli spirtii yod memoland va tampon meguzorand; bemor boyad dastashro 1 – 2 daq. qat karda istad.
Bo maqsadi tazriq suzanro ba shpritsi dorudor guzoshta, ehtiyotkorona ba vena mekhaland; sipas porshenro ohista mekashand. Dar shprits paydo shudani khun nishonai durust budani V. ast. Badi tazriq suzanro zud berun ovarda, boqi misli V. hangomi khungiri amal mekunand.

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