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VASOITI OROSTAGi

losyonVASOITI OROSTAGi, mavode, ki dar sanoati attori istehsol karda meshavand. V. o. dar laboratoriyahoi makhsus az sanjish (ekspertiza) va aprobatsiya meguzarand. V. o.-ero, ki bo usuli gayrimuqarrari tayyor karda shudaand yo tavsiyai tashkiloti dakhldorro nadorand, istifoda burdan joiz nest. Sanoat losyon, krem, shampun, sobuni iroqi va dig. vositahoi nigohubini pust, ruy, dast, poy, javfi dahon va muy, mavodi rishgiri, kosmetikai oroishi va g.-ro istehsol mekunad. Har yaki onho malumotnoma dorad, ki pesh az istifoda bo on shinos shudan lozim ast.
Losyonho araq, charbi pust va chirkro toza karda, ba pust tarovat mebakhshand. Losyonhoro baroi nigohubini pusti muqarrari va ravgani, inchunin chun vositai tabobati (hangomi amrozi gunoguni pust) istifoda burdan mumkin ast. Ba tarkibi onho, gayr az ob, spirt, glitserin va moddahoi mushkin, inchunin (vobasta ba tainot) moddahoi bezarargardon, sardiovar, qiyomi alafho, vitaminho, afshuraho niz dokhil meshavand.
Kremho emulsiyahoe meboshand, ki khosiyati narmsozi, ziddi iltihob va safedibakhsh dorand. Mumi zanburi asal, lanolin, ravgani rastani, ravgani magzho, ravgani anbarzo, glitserin va g. ba sifati asosi ravganii kremho istifoda meshavand.
Kremhoi moe baroi toza kardani chirki pusti khushk, narm sokhtan va muhofizati on az shamol, khunuki va digar tasiroti noguvor, baroi pok namudani vositahoi kosmetikai oroishi tain shudaand; onhoro pesh az molidani upo istifoda metavon burd.
Baroi pusti khushk, muqarrari, pajmurda va ravgani navhoi ziyodi kremhoi gizoi mavjudand. Kremhoi gizoiro ba ruy, qismi pesh va du tarafi gardan ba muddati 30 – 60 daqiqa (bazan ba muddati 2 soat) memoland; bad kremi boqimondaro ba ruymolchai kosmetiki yo gigieni toza mekunand.
Kremhoi gizobakhshro vobasta ba khosiyati pust (khushk, ravgani, muqarrari) intikhob mekunand. Onhoro doimo ivaz karda meistand, to in ki pust ba in yo on krem odat nakunad. Pesh az intikhobi krem bo dukhturi kosmetolog maslihat kardan khub ast. SHakhsoni ba allergiya yo bemorihoi allergi moil naboyad az kremhoe, ki dar tarkibashon shiri modarzanbur, afshurai qulfinay va furatsilin dorand, istifoda barand. Baroi odamone, ki ba buyhoi gunogun tob nameorand kremhoi bebuy istehsol karda meshavand.
Kremhoero, ki moddahoi faoli biologi dorand, badi 30-solagi istifoda burdan lozim ast.
Kremhoi safedkunanda hangomi giperpigmentatsiya (dogi kunjitak, khloazm va g.) istifoda meshavand. Onhoro ba pusti toza shomgoh ba muddati 2 soat memoland va bad bo pakhta toza mekunand.
Baroi az shuoi oftob muhofizat kardani pust kremhoi «Luch», «SHit», inchunin «Krem ot zagara», «Kurort» va g. mavjudand; onhoro pesh az baromadan ba kucha ba joyhoi uryoni pust memoland.
Sobunhoi iroqi va shampun. Sobunhoi iroqi dar tarkibi khud ravgani oftobparast, pakhta va g., kislotahoi hadnoki sintezi (bo ilovai moddahoi khushbuy va rangubor) dorand. Odatan, sobunhoi iroqi az 78 – 80% kislotahoi hadnok iborat buda, ishqori ozodi onho 0,05%-ro tashkil medihad. Hangomi sobun zadan, ishqori ozod pustro beravgan va bazan az had ziyod khushk mekunad. Baroi kam kardani tasiri ishqor ba aksar sobunho moddahoi narmiovar (lanolin, anbar va g.) hamroh menamoyand (mas., sobunhoi «Detskoe», «Spermasetovoe», «Kosmeticheskoe» va g.). In sobunho baroi shustani pusti khushk tavsiya shudaand. Sobunhoi makhsus niz istehsol meshavand, ki tasiri tabobati (ziddi iltihob, bezarargardon va g.) dorand. Mas., sobunhoi «Sernoe», «Degtyarnoe», «Ikhtiolovoe», «Sulsenovoe» va g. dar mavridi tibriyat, shukufai falsi, rikhinak va dig. amrozi pust, inchunin pusti serravgan istifoda meshavand. In sobunhoro faqat bo tavsiyai dukhtur istifoda burdan lozim ast.
Ba tarkibi shampunho gayr az sobuni az ashyoi khushsifati ravgani tayyorkarda hamchunin spirt, ob, ravgani kanadona, moddahoi gunoguni faol (giyohhoi dorui, vitaminho va g.) niz dokhil meshavand. SHampun serkafk buda, sarro nagz toza mekunad. Dar surati shustani sar tainoti shampun boyad muvofiqi maqsad boshad. Mui khushkro hamesha bo shampun shustan lozim nest. SHampunhoi «Detskiy» va «Malisham» (luobpardai chashm va pusti kudakro namesuzonad) baroi kudakon istehsol karda meshavand. SHampunhoi oroishi niz mavjudand, ki onho ba muy tobishhoi gunogun (ravshani, jilo) medihand. Baroi vannaho shampunhoi kafkdor istehsol mekunand.
Nig. niz Kosmetika, Jarrohii kosmetiki, Pardozgarii tibbi.

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