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VARAMI KVINKE

varami-kvinkeVARAMI KVINKE, bemoriest, ki hangomi on pust, nasji zeri pust va luobpardaho nogahon varam mekunand. Az nomi dukhturi nemis N.I. Kvinke (1842 – 1922) girifta shudaast. V. K. allergi va irsi meshavad. V. k.-i allergi dar natijai istemoli gizohoi noforam, doru va g. sar mezanad. Dar mavridi on yakbora aksulamali allergi ba vujud meoyad. Zimni V. K.-i irsi dar tarkibi khun faoliyati ingibitori unsuri avvali komplement sust meshavad. Dar natija komplement zeri tasiri omilhoi ziyonovar (mas., kharosh khurdani pust, jarrohi, ehsosoti manfi va g.) faol megardad. Dar robita ba in qobiliyati noqilii raghoi khurd ziyod shuda, dar badan varamhoi gunogun ba vujud meoyand.
Hangomi bemorii mazkur infiltratho (varam), odatan, safedcha va sakht buda, dar lab, pilki chashm, luobpardai dahon, halq ba vujud meoyand. Hususan, varami halq khavfnok ast, zero on metavonad boisi nafastangi va favti bemor shavad. Agar varam ba maynaparda, magzi sar yo gushi dokhili intiqol yobad, pas illathoi nevrologii gunoguni mansub ba in uzvho sar mezanand (dardi shakhak, gemiplegiya, afaziya, sindromi Menyer); dar surati ba asabi bosira fishor ovardani on osebhoi gunoguni chashm, hangomi varami luobpardai rohi medayu rudaho nishonahoi rust shudani ruda va dardi sakht paydo meshavand. Goho varam dil, bachadon va masonaro niz faro megirad.
V. K.-i tabiatash allergi asosan dar kalonsolon ba vujud meoyad. On davrai peshkhabar nadorad. Varam, odatan, badi chand daqiqa (vale na dertar az 1 soati tamos bo allergen) paydo meshavad. V. K.-i allergi bazan bo sagles va khorishi pust hamroh ba vujud meoyad.
V. K.-i irsi dar azoi yak oila rukh namuda, az nasl ba nasl meguzarad. On dar sinni kudaki mushohida shuda, nisbat ba V. K.-i allergi dertar – dar muddati chand soat az khud darak medihad.
Dar mavridi rukh namudani nishonahoi V. K. zud ba dukhtur murojiat kardan lozim ast. V. k.-ro, odatan, bo doruhoi antigistamini tabobat mekunand. Oqibati bemori hangomi dar pust joy doshtani varam khavfnok nest; dar mavridi dar luobpardai mayna, uzvhoi darun, khususan dar halq paydo shudani varam marizi khavfi jiddi pesh meorad.
Bo maqsadi peshgirii V. K. khudro az tamos bo allergenho va holathoi stressi dur giriftan lozim ast.

H.J. Usmonova.

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