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VARAJAI TROPIKi

varachai-tropikiVARAJAI TROPIKi, yak navi varaja. V. t. bemorii nihoyat vaznin buda, okh. s-hoi 90-umi a. 20 dar Tojikiston ba epidemiya tabdil yofta bud. S. 1997 dar jumhuri 29794 naf. marizoni V. t. ba qayd girifta shudand. Bino ba aqidai mutakhassisoni Sozmoni baynalmilalii tandurusti (SBT) dar surati durust ba roh monda shudani korhoi omori adadi marizon na kamtar az 200000 nafarro tashkil medod. Sababi dar Tojikiston khuruj yoftani V. t. az qalamravi Afgoniston ba vatan bargashtani firoriyoni jangi shahrvandi bud. Dar robita ba khuruji V. t. dar jumhuri s. 1997 «Barnomai millii muboriza bo bemorihoi tropiki (varaja) baroi solhoi 1997 – 2005» qabul karda shud. Barnoma bahri rafi bemori ahamiyati kalon dosht. Dar kori barham dodani epidemiyai varaja dar Tojikiston khususan sozmonhoi khoriji – SBT, YUNISEF, ASTED, MERLIN, EKO va g. kumaki kalon rasondand.
Angezandai V. t. Plasmodium falciparum meboshad. Taqr. 98 fisadi holathoi favt az bemorii varaja mahz ba hamin angezanda vobasta ast. V. t. dar kishvarhoi garmser boisi margi kudakoni bisyor meshavad.
Davrai nihonii bemori 8 – 30 ruz ast. Huruji marizi bo davrahoi tablarza, tab va araq kardan padid meoyad. SHiddati tablarza gunogun ast. On metavonad sabuk boshad yo tezutund rukh namuda, boisi hazyon, gallyutsinatsiya, sardard, dilbehuzuri, qay, hikak, dardi dastu poyho va g. gardad. Tablarza, odatan, az 10 – 15 daq to 1 – 1,5 soat davom mekunad. Bad davrai duyumi marizi faro merasad. Tab baland (39 – 41°S) shuda, chashm suzish mekunad, halq mekhushkad; dilbehuzuri, qay, dardi mushakho, ishol, hazyon, gallyutsinatsiya davom mekunand, kudak az hush meravad. Tab to 2 – 3, bazan 12 – 24 soat idoma meyobad. Sipas davrai seyumi bemori faro merasad. Mariz araqi bisyor karda, harorat past (hatto az meyor pasttar) meshavad; u sustu beholat, khastahol ast. In davrai V. t. az 1,5 to 24 soat tul mekashad. Bino ba baze malumot davomoti jarayoni V. t. az 6 moh to 1 sol ast.
V. t. khususan dar zanhoi homila vaznin jarayon megirad. Dar natija zan kudak vayron mekunad, tifli murda ba dunyo meorad, khunrav meshavad.
Baroi giriftani malumoti purratar nig. Varaja.
Ad.: Kamardinov H.K., Aliev S.P., Tropicheskaya malyariya v Tadjikistane, D., 2006.

H. Q. Qamardinov.

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