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Uslub va sabki bayoni Soib

Sabki sukhani Soib doroi du janba ast. SHevai ejodi shoir, tarzi guftoru uslubi bayon, hunari talifi u az nigohi fardiyati ejodi khosi khudi ust. YAne hamono janbai hayoti, ohangi voqei-realisti giriftani lirikai ishqi pas az Sadi dar sheri in simoi ejodi ba nazar merasad. Juziyote, ki dar sukhani u hangomi arzi matlab va tasviri holat ba nazar merasad, voqei, mushakhkhas, dastras, hayoti meboshad. In holat pesh az hama, az munosibati qahramoni liriki ba voqeiyat zamina megirad. Az in ru, qahramoni lirikii u goliban dar takopuyu taraddudi ruzgor bahri daryofti rizqu ruzi, bahri nafi mardum ast. U orzuyu havas, khohishu tamannoi muosironi kheshro dar ruzgor dark namuda, baroi tatbiqi on haddalimkon musoidat mekunad:

In ki gohe mezadam bar obu otash kheshro,

Ravshani dar kori mardum bud maqsudam chu sham.

Dar in bayt kalimahoi ifodagari hadaf: ob, otash, khud, afkandan, ravshani, kor, mardum, sham kalimahoi hayotiyu harruzai ruzgori insoni mehnatkashu khayrkhoh ast. Ba andeshai mo, nizoho, tazodho, konfliktho, barkhurdho, ziddiyatho va giru dorhoi baytho, misraho, bandho va gazalu janrhoi digari devoni Soib az tanosubi fikrii shoir, qiyosi shakhsiyat va jomea, muhiti zist va fard sar mezanad, ki ba in vosita istiqloli aqoid, fardiyati andeshai ejodkor mushohida karda meshavad.

Bo nazardoshti bardoshthoi goyaviyu barkhurdhoi mafkuravi fardiyati sabki Soib va uslubi ejodii u muayyan karda meshavad.

YAke az janbahoi hunarii Soib dar in joda kor giriftan az tamsil ast, ki dar gazali u misraho, baytho, dar majmu hamin guna khususiyat dorad. Gumon meravad, ki shoir az maqolu zarbulmasalho ba tavri farovon kor giriftaast, vale dar haqiqat chunin ham hast. Besh az on in misraho, baythoro khudi shoir sokhtaast, ejod kardaast, ki khususiyati irsolimasali yo irsolimasalayni dorand. CHunonchi:

Ba matlab merasad juyoi kom ohista-ohista,

Zi daryo mekashad sayyod dom ohista-ohista.

Ba Magrib metavonad raft dar yak ruz az Mashriq,

Guzorad har ki chun khurshed gom ohista-ohista.

Ba hamvori balandi ju, ki tegi kuhro orad,

Ba zeri poy kabki khushkhirom ohista-ohista.

Zi tadbiri jununi pukhta kori aql meoyad,

Ki Majnun ohuvonro kard rom ohista-ohista.

Hamon manist bar husni madori hujjati notiq,

Ki tuti meshavad shirinkalom ohista-ohista.

Agarchi rishta az tori guhar bejonu lojar shud,

Kashid az magzi gavhar intiqom ohista-ohista.

Mashav az zerdasti khesh emin dar tihidasti,

Ki khuni shisharo nushid jom ohista-ohista.

Dilam az oh, meguftam shavad kholi, nadonistam,

Ki pechad bar saropoyam chu dom ohista-ohista.

Ba shakkarkhand az on labhoi khushdashnom qone shav,

Ki khohad talkh gardid in mudom ohista-ohista.

Agar nomi baland az charkh khohi, sabr kun,

Soib, Zi pasti metavon raftan ba bom ohista-ohista.

Dar sabki sheri Soib pechidagii mano, tavahhumii tasvir, bayonhoi zehni qarib, ki dida nameshavad. SHeri u sheri pandomez, hikmatomez, mavizatomez, andarznoma ast.

Albatta, az maqolu zarbulmasalho niz barkhurdor hast, vale goliban ikhtiroi khudi ejodkor ast.

Dar sheri u qofiya va radif mavqe doshta boshand ham, nufuzi radif beshtar ast.

Leksikai istifodakardai Soib beshtar voqei, ommafahm, mushakhkhas va ruzgori buda, shakli murakkabi kalimaho beshtar ast, ki goliban khudi Soib sokhtaast.

Dar ashori shuaroi in sabk va khossa Soib, asosan sanathoi manavi mavridi istifoda qaror doda shudaand, zero sheri in ahd asosan sheri mani buda, ba lafzbozi chandon etibor doda nameshavad.

Soib va shuaroi digari muosiru minbada

Tasiri Soib ba adabiyoti davr va bad az asri u khele buzurg ast. SHoiri mutafakkir in nuktaro khudash niz his kardaast, ki joe meguyad:

Mahv kay az safhai dilho shavad osori man, Man hamon zavqam, ki meyoband az guftori man.

Ashori Soib, ki saropo hikmatu andarz, pandu mavizat, nasihatu tarbiyat va darsi hayotu zindagi, talimi ruzgoru tajribai umr ast, ba adabiyoti asri adib va ba adabiyoti minbadai khalkhoi Eron, Osiyoi Miyona, Hinduston, Afgonistonu Turkiya va khalkhoi digari porsigu tasiri farovon namudaast.

YAke az payravoni jiddii Soibi Tabrezi dar Osiyoi Miyona shoiri hunarmand-Mirobid Sayidoi Nasafi ast, ki tibqi tadqiqi muhaqqiqon, Sayido ba besh az chihil gazali Soib musammati mukhammas bastaast. YAne musammati mukhammasi tazmin bar gazali Soib meboshad. Tasiri ashori Soib ba ashori Kalim, Nosirali, SHavkati Bukhoroi va bisyor digaron khele buzurg ast.

Umuman zaminai bunyodii ashori Soibi Tabreziro sheri hikmat, ashori pandomez faroham meorad va asosi in sher hamono tanosubi sukhan, irsoli masalu masalayn va tazodu muqobala meboshad. SHeri mazkur janbai falsafai amalii ashori Soibro tashkil medihad va az in ru, ashori Soib dar bedorii mafkuravii mardum, dar junbishhoi zehnii khalq, dar khudshinosii omma naqshi bosazo dorad, zero bardoshthoi fikri, barkhurdhoi aqloniyu zehni boisi bedorii fikri va kheshtanshinosii omma khohad shud.

Savol va suporishho:

  1. Ovoni javoni va ilmomuzii Soib chi guna guzashtaast?
  2. Soib kay va Dar kaDom Doirai aDabi unvoni iftikhorii Malikulshuaroiro sazovor shudaast?
  3. Intihoi ruzgori Soib Dar kaDom shahrho sipari shuDaast?
  4. Sokhtu tarkibi «Devon»-i Soibro sharh DiheD.
  5. Hususiyathoi alohiDai lirikai ishhii Soib Dar chist?
  6. Mavzuhoi asosii lirikai Soibi Tabrezi az chiho iboratanD?
  7. Mazmun va munDarijai musammathoi mukhammasi Soibro sharh DiheD.
  8. Hususiyathoi shaklii musammathoi mukhammasi Soibro bayon kuned.
  9. Mavhei gazal Dar «Kulliyot»-i Soib chi guna ast?
  10. U Dar gazal beshtar ba kiho payravi karDaast?
  11. Mavzui gazaliyoti Soibi Tabrezi kaDomhoyanD?
  12. Hususiyathoi farhkunanDai gazaliyoti Soibro nombar kuneD.
  13. Kadom sanathoi badei dar ashori Soib beshtar istifoda shudaand?
  14. Tasiri ejoDiyoti Soib ba aDiboni Davr va minbaDa chi guna ast?
  15. Kadom shoironi Movarounnahr ba gazaliyoti Soib tazmin bastaand?
  16. Jonishinhoi taini va manfiro Dar gazalhoi Soibi Tabrezi yobeD va ba daftaraton navised.
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