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UZBAKISTON

Colhoi avvale, ki man ba tijorati pakhta mashgul shudam, mavodi sukht va nurihoi mineraliro mo az Uzbakiston vorid mekardem. Hamin du mavod qismi asosii hazinahoi ruyon- dani pakhtaro tashkil mekunand.

dehiDar Uzbakiston tavlid va sodirot asosan dar dasti davlat bud. Onho Vazorati makhsus doshtand, ki munosiboti iqtisodii khorijiro tanzim mekard. Dar nazdi in vazorat shirkathoi ikhtisosii davlati faoliyat mekardand, ki masuli sodiroti in va digar ashyo budand.

Hukumati Uzbakiston avvali har sol baroi mavodi sodiroti narkhnoma elon mekard va in shirkatho tibqi narkhnomai tas- vibkardai hukumat qarordodhoi sodiroti mebastand. Odatan, narkhi mavodi sodirotii Uzbakiston baroi kharidoroni khoriji miyonahoi mohi yanvar elon meshud, vale pas az eloni on sar- vaziri Tojikiston ba Toshkand rafta, muzokira mekard va hu- kumati on kishvar baroi Tojikiston sharoiti khos muqarrar mekard. Faqat bad az on mo bo shirkathoi davlatii sodirotii onho qarordod basta, mamulan mavodi sukhtu nurihoi mine- raliro bo takhfifi 25%, ki bayni du davlat muohida meshud, mekharidem. Fikr mekunam, in va digar takhfifho nave jubron dar muqobili obi rudkhonahoi Omuvu Sir va Zarafshon bud, ki boyad az nav ba roh monda shavad.

Bad az sard shudani robitaho, yak sol in imtiyozho doda na- shudand va mo majbur shudem mavodi sukhtu nurihoi mineraliro az Uzbakiston bo narkhi jahoni bikharem. Soli digarash huku- mati Uzbakiston sodiroti mavodi sukht va nurihoro ba To- jikiston tamoman man kard. Dar natija mo majbur shudem in mavodhoro az kishvarhoi digar vorid kunem, ki narkhi roh ham ba arzishi onho izofa shuda, yakbora narkhashonro garon kard va arzishi aslii parvarishi pakhtaro bolo burd. On solho pakhta manbai asosii daromadi arzii kishvar bud. Islom Karimov donista, yak zarbai digari halokatovar ba kamargohi iqtisodi kishvari man zad.

Soli 1999 man dar konfronsi pakhtai Uzbakiston ishtirok kardam, ki on dar mehmonkhonai «Interkontinental»-i shahri Toshkand guzasht va dar on jo namoishi dastovardhoyashon dar sohai pakhtakoriro niz tashkil karda budand.

Ba guftashon, ba farq az navhoi pakhtai zamoni shuravi, navhoi navi pakhtaro ruyonda budand, ki darozivu boriki va muqovimati nakhi on bamarotib behtar bud. Gayr az in, meguf- tand, ki hosilnokiyash niz az se to chor ton az har hektar ast. Albatta, on zamon mo ba in ittilooti onho chandon bovar na- mekardem, zero onho ziyod muboliga mekardand. Masalan, pas az ruzi avvali konfrons muzokirot tain meshud va dar on saroni shirkathoi tijorati bo saroni shirkathoi sodirotii Uzbakiston muzokira karda, qarordodhoi kharidi pakhta meba- stand.

Dar poyoni on ruz vaziri iqtisodashon sukhanroni karda, az natijahoi muzokirot va hajmi qarordodho guzorish medod. Odatan, dar in guzorish miqdori pakhtai furukhtashudaro az bu- dash khele beshtar elon mekardand. Mo, ki aksari shirkathoro meshinokhtem, az hajmi qarordodi bastaashon ogoh budem, vaqte ki guzorishi vazirro gush mekardem, onro bo labkhand qabul mekardem. Vale tarafi Uzbakiston in korro makhsus mekard, zero eloni furushi hajmi boloi pakhtai Uzbakiston ba past nashudani narkh musoidat mekard, ki in ba manfiati onho bud.

Bo nazardoshti in va digar bozihoi hushmandonai onho, mo ba mushakhkhasoti navhoi navi pakhtaashon niz bo istehzo menigaristem, vale badan malum shud, ki onho voqean zahmat kashida, sifatu samarai pakhtai khudro ba sathi jahoni baro- vardaand, ki imruzho ham shohidi hajmi besobiqa bolo va dar tamomi jahon serkharidor budanash hastem.

On sol raisi bursi pakhta va namoyandagoni Vazorati kisho- varzii Tojikiston niz dar in konfrons shirkat doshtand. Gayrichashmdosht, tarafi Uzbakiston khohoni barguzorii mizi gird bo mo – hayati Tojikiston shud. Dar vokhuri az tarafi Tojikiston raisi bursi pakhta, yak namoyandai Vazorati kisho- varzi va du-se nafar saroni shirkatho ishtirok kardem. Hayati Uzbakistonro Vaziri robitahoi iqtisodii khorijiyashon janobi Ganiev sardori mekard.

Dar davomi suhbat malum shud, ki tarafi Uzbakiston ba mo peshnihodhoi mushakhkhas doshtaast. Onho az mo khosta budand, ki dar furushi pakhta hamkori kunem, to narkhi pakhta past zada nashavad, ki ba sudi hardu taraf bud. Inchunin janobi Ganiev peshnihodoti imtiyoznoke ham dar borai hamkori dar sohai tukhmii balandsifati pakhta karda bud. Peshnihodhoi onho baroi mo voqean sudovar budand, vale namoyandagoni davlatii hayati mo zarfiyati darki in masalahoro nadoshtand va bo sar junbondanu «mebinem, barrasi mekunem» guftan iktifo kardand. Dar hole, ki peshnihodhoi onho ba sudi mo bud va mo beshtar az onho ba in hamkoriho niyoz doshtem.

Dar masalai mushkiloti sohai pakhtaparvari va rohhoi halli on man maqolai mufassale navishta budam, ki dar ruz- nomai «Aziya Plyus» nashr shuda bud. CHun on maqola ba zaboni rusi bud va khele ikhtisosi ast, dar in jo ovardanash lozim dida nashud. Vale baroi aloqamandon on dar surogai: http://old.news. tj/ru/newspaper/article/pyat-prichin-gubyashchikh-tadzhikskoe-beloe-zoloto dar dastras ast.

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