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Tuhfa ba modarkalon (Bolishtcha)

Ba nazdiki ruzi tavalludi modarkalonam. Man boyad ba u tuhfai makhsusro intikhob karda, ba zodruzash taqdim kunam. Mo dar darshoi tekhnologiya dukhtan va amsilai masnuotho omukhta istodaem. Dar khonai mo modarkalonam hamrohi moyon zindagi mekunad va dar lahzai damgiri dar divan dam megirad. Dar khonai modarkalonam mebel vujud dorad, binobar in man ba divani modarkalonam bolishtcha dukhta, tuhfa namudan mekhoham.

bolisht

  1. Muayyan namudani masalahoi haltalabi paydoshuda va talabot ba on.

Man boyad rohe yobam, ki tuhfaro bo dastoni khuda sozam, zero dukhtanro omukhta istodaam.

Dar davomi sol man dukhtani peshdoman, ostincha va dastpushak va kashidaduziro omukhtam. Ba hamin asos man dar nazdi khud maqsad guzoshtam, ki bolishtchai divanro duzam.

  1. Nishondodi oshkor kardani andozahoi asosi va mahdudiyat

Aknun boyad donist, ki bolishtchahoi intikhobkarda chi guna boshad:

a) Bolishtchai divan boyad zebo va talaboti mudi hozira muvofiq boshad.

b) Tarohii bolishtchai divan ba modeli intikhobkarda muvofiq boshad.

v) Bolishtchai divan naboyad joi kalonro girad va on gayrioddi boshad.

g) Norasoihoe, ki dar vaqti dukhtan ba vujud meoyand, sari vaqt bartaraf kardan lozim ast.

d) Bolishtchai divan boyad bo usule dukhta shavad, ki onro dar har kujo

istifoda burdan mumkin boshad. Masalan dar vaqti damgiri, baroi mehmon,

baroi khob va gayra istifoda shavad.

e) Bolishtchai divan boyad bo arzishi past, bosifat va zebo boshad.

  1. 4. Muayyan namudani ananaho, urfu odat va tarikhi on.

Modarkalonam ba man peshnihod namudand, ki bolishtchai divan bo uslubi khub dukhta shavad. Man namedonistam, ki uslub (stil) chist va on chi guna boyad boshad. Ba kitobkhona raftam va ba man kitobero doir ba tarikhi mud va jiozu libos dodand, ki on shavqovar bud.

Bolishtchai divan avvalin bor dar mamlakathoi Osiyo dar davrai qadim paydo shudaast. Dar intereri khonai turkho yagon khel tajhizot va jihozi mebel dida nameshud. Onho dar rui farsh, qolinu palos va bolishtchahoi gunogunshaklro istifoda meburdand.

Bolishtchahoi boloi divanro «Minder» menomand. Dar Lubno, dar on khonahoi makhsusi qabuli mehmon asosan divan mavjud bud, ki dar on bolishtchahoi hamvorro bo ruykashhoi zeboyu orosta istifoda meburdand.

Ammo in bolishtchahoi divanro dar Russiya «dumka» yo «dumochka» menomand. In khel bolishtchahoro tojikon ham az qadimul ayyom az ba shakli darozruya istifoda meburdand, ki onro «lulabolisht» menomand.

Holo bolishtchahoi gunogunshaklro monandi rostkunja, chorkunja, darozruya, sekunja, hamvorshakl va shaklhoi gunogun istifoda mebarand. Baroi dukhtani bolisht boyad yagon uslub (stil) intikhob kunam va mafhumi uslubro donam.

Kalimai «stil» (Stylos) uslub ba mo az YUnoni qadim omadaast. Manoyash chubchai nugash tez baroi maktubhoi bo mum mahkam karda. Dar zamoni hozira uslub gufta khislati khos va kirdoru raftori muallifi maktub, meboshad khususiyathoi asarhoi badei, rassomi (naqoshiro) meguyand.

Uslub (stil)-ro dar mebel jihozi khona, bino, libos va dar mudho didan mumkin. Dar libos se uslub nishon doda shudaast. Bo uslubi bisyor khub (stili klassiki, varzishi, romantiki).

  1. Ba uslubi klassiki mumtoz (stili klassiki) bazeb pushidan, kam kashida giriftan, musodira kardan dokhil meshavad. Dar tuli asrho in uslub digar nashuda, on chize, ki alhol dar mud nest, boqi mondaast.
  1. Uslubi varzishi na faqat baroi darshoi varzishi buda, burishi ozodi baroi harakat, korhoi gunogun va damgiri, muvofiq ast.
  2. Uslubi romantiki in bo takhyyul, justuju va yoddoshtu, khotira vobasta ast. Dar in jo istifodabarii unsurhoi tarikhii masnuot va libosi milli va folklori dokhil meshavad. Hamai nomgui uslubho metavonand dar yak libos yo masnuoti intikhobkarda dark shuda boshad.
  3. Az in lihoz masnuoti intikhobkardai man ba uslubi romantiki bisyortar mansub meboshad.
  4. Tartib dodani naqsha mulohizakuni (fikrkuni)
  5. Korkardi goyavi (ideya) variantho

Intikhobi namuna gunogunand. Bolishtchahoi divan, dukhta meshavand: az matoi muinai suni bo gulduzi, kashidaduzi, tasma kanabhoi oroishshuda, bo oroishi atlas, lashoi gunogun, shohihoi gafsi yakrang, bakhmal, dukhoba, matohoi pakhtagi, zagirii guldor, dar namudi bozichaho, shakli mevajot, hayvonot va gayra, shakli bofish (bo sikh yo changak) ba dokhilash pakhta yo paralon meguzaronand az lakhtak porahoi matoi gunogun va gayra.

Az yakchand namunaho mo boyad yaktoashro intikhob namoem:

Rasmi 61. Namunahoi bolishchahoi divani

1). bolishchai divani ba shakli gulduzi va oroishi

2). bolishchai divani az matohoi gunogun ba shakli geometri

 

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