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Tezu tundshavii muboriza dar bayni neruhoi siyosi dar Eron

Doirahoi hukmroni Angliya, Rusiya va Germaniya ba harakati inqilobii Eron dushmanona nazar mekardand, chunki on mavqei in davlathoro dar Eron past mekard. Anglisho va rusho harakat mekardand, ki tobeiyati Eronro ba Angliya va Rusiya purzur kunand, dar on jo sokhti mutlaqiyat va hukmronii feodalhoro nigoh dorand.

Dar solhoi inqilob jiddu jahdi Germaniya baroi ba Eron roh yoftan purzur meshavad. Az soli 1906 cap karda kishtihoi on muntazam az Gamburg ba khaliji Fors omaduraft mekardand. Germaniho mekhostand, ki dar in khalij bandarero ba ijora bigirand. Ba Eron va SHarqi Nazdik cap darovardani Germaniya, inqilobi Eron va muborizai milliyu ozodikhohi dar Hinduston ziddiyathoi Angliyayu Rusiyaro ba joi duyum guzoshtand, Angliyaro baroi sozish bo Rusiya mayl dodand. Dar chunin sharoit 31 avgusti soli 1907 dar bayni Angliya va Rusiya sozishnoma doir ba nufuz dar Eron, Afgoniston va Tibet, ki tashkilyobii paymoni Antantaro anjom dod, ba imzo rasid.

01-02-2008
01-02-2008

Guruhi irtijoi tahti rohbarii shoh bar on aqida bud, ki Sozishnoman nomburda, az inqilob dur shudani yak qismi liberalho va ruhoniyoni shia mavqei shoh va jonibdoroni uro mustahkam kardaand. Binobar in okhiri soli 1907 dast ba tabaddulot zad. 15 dekabr shoh lashkar va dastahoi askaroni irtijoiro ba nazdikii Tehron ovarda, ba onho amr kard, ki hukumat, Majlis va anjumanhoro parokanda kunand. BaroiL difoi Majlis ziyoda az 20 hazor nafar fidoiyon, mujohidon va azoi anjumanhoi inqilobi barkhostand. Dar shahrhoi ziyodi digar ham korpartoiho ba amal omada, dastahoi fidoii inqilobi tashkil meyoftand. SHoh majbur shud, ki az parokanda kardani Majlis, Hukumat va anjumanho dast kashad. Majlis ham ba nekii shoh bo neki javob gardonda, vada dod, ki huquqhoi konstitutsionii uro himoya khohad kard. Hamin tariq, shoh va Majlis bo hamdigar zabon yak kardand.

Dar nimai avvali soli 1908 shiddati mubornzai bayni Neruhoi siyosii Eron boz ham vusat meyobad. Harakati ziddiimperialisti ham bar ziddi sokhtmoni bandari Enzeli, shirkati Linch dar Qum va khati kishtigardi anglisi dar khaliji Fors ba amal omadand. Natijai hamin muborizaho bud, ki dar hama jo anjumanho tashkil yoftand. To mohi iyuni soli 1908 dar Tehron to 200 anjuman faoliyat mekard.

15 fevrali soli 1908 bar ziddi Muhammadalishoh suiqasdi bebaror tashkil karda shud. Javoban ba in suiqasd shoh lashkarro ba Tehron davat karda, 22 iyun dar shahr vazi favqulodda elon namuda, ba farmondehi brigadai kazakhoi forsi polkovnik Lyakhov amr kard, ki binoi Majlis va Masjidi Sipahsolori dar hamsoyagii on voqebudaro ishgol namoyad. 23 iyun brigadai kazakho Majlis va masjidro gululaboron karda, tabadduloti irtijoii davlati ba amal ovard. Muqobiliyati difokunandagoni Majlis va anjumanho zud pakhsh karda shuda, aksari vakiloni Majlis va anjumanho ba zindon partofta shuda, bazei onho qatl gardidanl. Majlis va anjumanho parokanda va ruznomahoi demokrati basta shudand. Dar shahrhoi digari Eron niz tartiboti irtijoi muqarrar gardid.

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