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Tekhnalogiyai chokburi (latai libos)

Ba naqshagirii libosi makhsus bo unsurhoi amsilasozi

Nomi umumi chizhoero, ki inson mepushad, libos meguyand. Ba mafhumi libos kallapush, kurta, poyjoma, poyafzol, shimu joma va gayra dokhil meshavand.

Libos hamchun vosilai muhofizati inson az tasiri gunoguni beruna (garmoyu sarmo, obu otash, gardu chang va gayra) paydo shudaast. Libosi avvalini insonhoi qadim az pusti hayvonot, bargu pustloqi darakhton paru pusti parrandagon va gayra bud.

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Badtar odamon baroi khud az pashm, pakhta, kanab, zagirpoya va pilla libos tayyor mekardagi shudand. Libosho avval tanho miyonu ronro mepushondand. Badtar namudhoi gunoguni libos, az jumla kurtahoi kutohu daroz, chakman, yaktah, poyjoma, peshdoman va gayra paydo shudaand.

Libos muvofiqi faslhoi sol, mashguliyati kasbu kor, sinu sol, rangu ruyu muyu abru, qadu bast tayyor karda meshavad. Gayr az in libos az rui taminot ba kori va mehmoni chudo karda meshavad.

Libosi korii odamon vobasta ba kasbu kor va mashguliyati onho dukhta meshavad. Masalan, libosi korii tabibon, oshpazho, furushandaho khilati safedu kuloh (ruymol)-i makhsus, libosi korii sokhtmonchiyonu korkunoni konu shakhtaho az matoi makhsusi dagal dukhta shuda va kulohi plastmasi iborat meboshad.

Maktabiyon niz libosi makhsus dorand. In libos baroi dukhtaron kurtayu peshdomani maktabi yo nimkurtayu doman (yubka), koftayu, sarafan, baroi pisaron shimu kostyumi siyoh yo kabud, kurtai safed ast. Libosi khonagiro muvofiqi nomash dar khona, jamiyatiro dar korkhona va dar maktab mepushand.

Libosi khonagi boyad tavre dukhta shpavad, ki dar on odam khudro hangomi shinu khez, ijroi kori ruzgor va farogat ozodu barohat ehsos kavrda tavonad. Libosi mehmoni-libosi idona, mehmoni, majlisu maraka va tamosho raftan buda, hamesha khushnamo, shinam bo oroishoti ilova dukhta meshavad. Ba tartibi libospushi rioya namudan lozim ast.

Pushidani libos muvofiqi tainotash zebanda ast. YAke az liboshoe, ki hanomi ijroi kori ruzgor mepushem peshdomanu sarband ast. Peshdoman va ruymol, inchunin libosi korii peshkhizmatho, yak juzi libosi millii ukrainu belorusho, khalqhoi Nazdi Baltik va gayra meboshad. Vobasta ba in az rui dukht peshdomanho gunogun meshavand.

Peshdomanu sarbande, ki hangomi korhoi ruzgor mepushem, asosan az matoi pakhtagini yakrang yo guldor dukhta meshavad.

Peshdomanro baroi iflos nashudani libos, sarband va kalapush baroi pareshon shuda ba khurok naaftidani mui sar, istifoda mebarand. Baroi dukhtani peshdomanu ruymol yo kalapush pesh az hama model va vobasta ba hamin matoro intikhob karda miqdori matoi zarur, tarzi oroish, masnuoti oroishiro niz muayyan namudani lozim ast.

Miqdori mato vobasta ba bari on va qadu bast muayyan meshavad. matoho gunogunbar, yane az 60 sm to 1 metr 60 sm to 2 m meshavand. Paydoishi libos. hafriyoti bostonshinosi nishon medihad, ki khele barvaqt, hanuz dar davrai poleolit (40-25 hazor sol pesh az milod) libos paydo shudaast. Dar in davra allakay suzanhoi ustukhoniro istifoda burda medukhtand, meboftand va bisyor mavodhoi tabiiro istifoda burda, bargho, kah, darakhtoni mayda, pusti hayvonotro shakli ba khud khosro hosil mekardand.

Baroi kallapush mavodi tabiiro, chun kaduhoi darunash kholishuda, pustlokhi chormagzi kakos, puslohi sangpusht istifoda meburdand.

Poyafzol badtar paydo shud. Libos hamchun sanati dekorativi (prikladnogo) bo zeboi va maqsadnokiash badani insonro az khunuki, garmi, namnoki, shamol, muhofizat mekunad va vazifai estetiki niz dorad.

Libos badani insonro qisman mepushonand. Libosi az pusti hayvonot yo materialhoi rastanigi bofta, porahoi rostkunja va ba qismi ron mepartoftand va onro mebastand yo girdi badan amudi yo ufuqi yo spiralshakl mepushidand. hamin tavr libos paydo shud. YAke az namudi asosii libos jamiyati ibtidoi bud. Bo guzarishi vaqt shakli murakabi libosho paydo shud.

Matoi hosilkardaro ba qismi asosiash qat mekardand yo ba kundalangi va qismi pahlugiashro medukhtand dar qismi boloi joyi surokhi dosht guzoshtan dar markazi qatkuni surokhi baroi sar. Libosi bo guzorishi surokhi baroi sar, ki onro az boloi sar mepushidand.

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