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Tasviri balandiho va chuquriho

TASVIRI BALANDIHO va chuqurihoi SATHI ZAMIN DAR HARITAHOI TABIY

Dar kharitahoi tabii balandiho va chuqurihoro bo khathoi ufuqy ifoda mekunand. Onho balandihoi mutlaqisathi khushky va chuqurii zeri uqyonushoro nishon medikhand. Ba in maqsad dar kharitahoi tabii jadvali balandiho va chuquriho tartib doda shudaast (Onhoro az kharitakhoi tabiie, ki dar atlas joy doda shudaand, yobed). Har yak range, ki dar jadvali balandiho va chuquriho aks yoftaast, dar kharitai tabii muvofikan bo khathoi ufuqi az yakdigar judo karda shudaast.

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Balandihoi gunogunro bo khati ufuqii jigarrang, chuqurihoi gunogunro bo khati ufuqii kabud ifoda mekunand. CHunin khathoi ufuqi dar khushky pasttar az (joyhoe, ki az sathi bahr pastand). 0. 200. 500 metr va gayra kashida shudaand. Dar uqyonus boshad, onho bo 0. 200, 2000 metr ifoda shudaand (atlas, sah. 10 – 11). Hathoi ufuqii kharitahoi tabii nisbat ba naqshi mahal va kharitahoi topografi masohati kalonro dar bar megirand. Az khamin sabab mavzehoi nachandon baland dar onho tasvir karda nameshavand. Masalan, dar khati ufuqie, ki balavdii mutlaqi on 200 metr ast. balandihoi az on pastgar ba hisob girifta nameshavand.

Dar kharitahoi tabii balandiho na faqat bo khathoi ufuqi inchunin bo usuli rangzanii qabat ba qabat niz ifoda karda meshavand. Masalan, on mavzei sathi Zaminro, ki balandii mutlaqi on az 0 to 200 metr ast (hamvorihoi sathi Zamin), bo rangi sabz rang mekunand. Mavzehoero, ki az 200 to 500 metr balandii mutlaq dorand, bo rangi jigarii past rang mezanand. Barobari afzudani balandii khathoi ufuqi rang ba rangi jigarii balandtar tabdil meyobad (Az kharita mushohida namoed). Nuqtahoi az hama balandro (kullai kuhho) bo raqam ifoda mekunand. Masalan, qullai Everest (Jomolungma, 8848 m, dar kukhkhoi Himoloy) va Ismoili Somoni (7495 m, dar kuhistoni Pomir). CHunin usuli ifodai balandihoro rangzanii qabat ba qabat menomand.

Dar kharitai tabii chuqurii bakhru uqyonuskho ham bo usuli rangzanii qabat ba qabat ifoda karda meshavand. CHuqurii bakhru uqyonushoro dar kharitai tabiy bo rangi kabud rang mezanand. Barobari afzudani chuquri rang ba rangi kabudi tira tabdil meyobad.

Baroi muayyan kardani balandii mutlaq va chuquriho dar kharitai tabiy jadvali balandiho va chuqurihoro joy msdihand. Bo yorii jadval va ranghoi muvofiq dar kharita dar kujo voqe gardidani qitahoi balandu pasti khushky, chuqurii bahru uqyonushoro donistan mumkin ast.

Savol va cypopish

  1. Dar kharitahoi tabii balandi va chuquriro chy tavr nishon medihand?
  2. Balandiho va chuqurihoro az rui chi muayyan mekunand?
  3. Balandiho va chuqurihoro bo chy guna rangkho ifoda mekunand?
  4. Dar kharitahoi tabii jadvali balandi va chuqury baroi chi lozim ast?
  5.  Az jadvali balandi istifoda burda jadvali rangzanii qabat ba qabatro sharh dihed.
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