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Tashkil namudani ittifoqi Afrikai Janubi

Kushishi avvalini zabti jumhuriyathoi burho va Transvaal dar soli 1877 ba vuqu payvasta ast. Badi jangi Angliya va Zulusho soli 1879 burho shurish bardoshta, muqovimati garnizonhoi nachandon kaloni anglishoro zud shikasta, soli 1880 az nav barqaror kardani istiqloliyati davlati khudro elon kardand. Muvofiqi sozishnomahoi solhoi 1881 va 1884 Angliya istiqloliyati Jumhurii Afrikai Janubiro dar amal etirof kard, lekin badi in ham misli peshtara faoliyati khorijii mamlakathoi burho zeri nazorati anglisho mondan girift.

Magnathoi moliyavii anglisho dar JAJ istehsoli tilloro inhisori kardand va besh az pesh ba dastgirii siyosii hukumati Britaniya noil meshudand.

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Imperalizmi Germaniya robitai khudro bo burho toraft mustahkamtar mekard. In holat imperialistoni anglisro ba tashvish ovard. Baroi hamin okhiri mohi dekabri soli 1895 Iborat az 800 nafar dastai musallahi zarkharidoni shirkati anglisi sarhadi Transvaalro guzashta, ba daruni mamlakat daromadand. Anglisho umed doshtand, ki shahri Iohannesburg va shahrhoi digari JAJ-ro zabt mekunand. Meboist ba onho dar in kor muhojironi anglis uitlenderho yori merasonndand. Vale uitlenderho baroi ba anglisho yori rasonidai jurat nakardand. Burho dastai anglishoi ba yori omadaro zud torumor kardand.

Imperatori Germaniya Vilgelmi I az vazi qulayi baamalomada istifoda burda, ba prezident JAJ Kryuger barqiyai tabriki firistoda, ishora kard, ki Germaniya burhoro dar muborizaashon bar ziddi Angliya dastgiri khohad kard. Vale in vadai imperatori Germaniya durug baromad. Imperialistoni anglis boshand, hamono baroi barham dodani istiqloliyati burho muboriza meburdand.

Soli 1899 Angliya bo Faronsa oidi doirai nufuz dar Afrika va bo Germaniya dar borai musolimatomez taqsim kardani mustamlikahoi Portugaliya sozishnoma ba imzo rasond. Angliya badi in ba nazdikii sarhadi burho neruhoi Harbii ilovagi firistod. Ba in kirdori Angliya prezidenti JAJ Kryuger etiroz bayon kard, vale on foida nabakhshid, chunki ba Angliya jangi ziddi burho lozim bud. Inro burho dark karda, khudashon bar ziddi neruhoi dar nazdi sarhadbudai anglisho avvalin shuda ba jang daromadand. Mohi oktyabri soli 1899 burho ba qalamravi mulkhoi Angliya hujum karda, dar Natal, Bechuanalend va Kap galaba ba dast ovardand. Badi tayyorii jiddi anglisho ba hujumi javobi guzashta, to tobistoni soli 1900 markazhoi asosii mamlakati burhoro istilo kardand. Sarfi nazar az in jang boz qarib du soli digar davom kard. Burho oqibat shikast khurda, majbur shudand, ki muqobiliyatro bar ziddi Angliya bas kunand.

Solhoi 1906-1907 Angliya ba du mustamlikai khud Norinji va Transvaal huquqi khudidorakuni dod. Soli 1910 hamai mustamlikahoi anglisii Janubi Afrika dar Ittifoqi Afrikai Janubi muttahid karda shudand. Britaniyai Kabir ba IAJ huquqi dominionro dod.

Dar Ittifoqi Afrikai Janubi anglisho va burho huquqi shahrvandi giriftand. Afrikaviho, ki az chor se hissai aholii muqimii onro tashkil mekardand, az khuqukhoi shahrvandi mahrum budand va az tarafi anglishoyu burho berahmona istismor karda meshudand.

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