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Tahlili peshob

Hangomi bemorii andake jiddi ham ba hej vajh — be tahqiqi peshob nameshavad. On hamchun oinai aslii holatu vazi organizm ast. YAne biyoed sharmu hayoro yak su meguzorem va mufassal fahmida megirem, ki on raqamhoe ki dar namunavaraqai (blankai) giriftai shumo darj shudaand, chi mano dorand.

TAHLILI  UMUMI YO KLINIKI PESHOB

Nishondihanda Meyor Ramzkushoi Rangzardii – misli koh Agar peshob ba choyi siyoh monand boshad, gepatit, sirrozi jigar, vayronshavii eritrositho hangomi illatnokihoi autoimmuni va toksiki istisno nestand.

Rangi misli obshustai (magzobai) gushti? Dukhtur bemorii iltihobi gurdaho – glomerulonefritro takhmin mekunad (gumonbar meshavad). Bazan tagyirothoi bekhavfi rangi niz meshavand: gulobii surkh – az sababi baze doruho, surkhchatob – agar sabzi, lablabu, qulfinay khurda boshand. SHafofi Purra shaffof Tira va barfakdor – shahodati iltihobi gurdaho yo rohhoi peshobron. Tahluka nakuned, agar peshobi shaffof kame istoda bad tira shavad; aksar vaqt hamin khel meshavad Aksulamal (Reaksiya) (pH) Turush (Kislaya) aksulamali miyona (Neytralnaya) yo  ishqorii peshob hangomi infeksiyai rohhoi peshobrav va yo dar vegeterianho  dida meshavad.

tahlili-xun

Zichchi (vazni qiyosi) 1018–1025 Hangomi beobshavi va balandshavii miqdori qand dar khun in nishondihanda baland meshavad. Pastshavii zichchii peshob hangomi illatnokii gurdaho, iltihobi gurdaho yo agar bemor bisyor ob nushida boshad, mushohida meshavad. Safeda Na ziyoda az 0,033% Dar holati siroyatyobi (infeksiya) bemorihoi iltihobi yo immunologii gurdaho, illatnokii gurdaho yo hamtu pas az kori vaznini jismoni ziyod shuda metavonad Bakteriyaho, zanburugho Nest Silindrho Nest yo angushtshumor ast Miqdori ziyodi silindrho hangomi bemorihoi gunoguni gurdaho mushohida meshavad. Eritrositho Nest yo angushtshumor ast Agar eritrositho to 100-to dar maddi nazar boshand (mikrogematuriya), in dar borai bemorihoi iltihobi va immunologii gurdaho, bemorii sangi gurdaho, illatnokii onkologii gurdaho yo infeksiyai vaznin khabar medihad. Agar az 100 –to bolotar boshad (makrogematuriya), peshob rangi surkhro megirad – pas bemorii iltihobii gurdaho yo khunravi  ayon ast.

Leykositho dar mardho  0-3 – leykosit, dar zanho 0-5 Ziyodshavii miqdori leykositho dar peshob (leykosituriya) oidi iltihobi gurdaho va rohhoi peshobrav, sistit, prostatit,  illatnokii immunii gurdaho khabar medihad.

Tahlili peshob bo usuli NECHIPORENKO va  ZIMNITSKIY

Tahlili peshob bo usuli Nechiporenko on vaqt tain karda meshavad, ki natijahoi tahlili umumi shubhaangez hastand: guyo patologiyai aniqe nest, ammo leykositho va eritrositho andake ziyod hastand. Baroi aniq kardan peshobi «mobayni favrai peshob» zarur ast; bankacharo pas az sarshavii peshobroni dar zeri favra meguzorand va pesh az tamomshavii ravandi peshobroni onro megirand. Az in gunjoish dar laboratoriya 1ml – i onro megirand va miqdori eritrosithoro hisob mekunand (meyor – na ziyoda az 1000), leykositho (na ziyoda az 2000) va silindrho (na ziyoda az 20). Agar yak yo yakchand parametrho ziyod boshand, pas patologiya vujud dorad.

Ba tahlili Zimnitskiy on vaqt murojiat mekunand, ki shubhai inkishofyobii illatnokii gurdaho yo iltihobi gurdaho paydo shuda boshad. Peshobro dar davomi yak shabonaruz dar 6 — bankacha jam mekunand: baroi peshobi dar har yak 4- soati jamshavanda — yak bankachai alohidai peshob. Dar laboratoriya miqdori elementho va vazni qiyosiro (zichchiro) muayyan mekunand. Hisobhoi takhmini murakkab hastand, vale muhim on ast, ki  gunjoishi (miqdori) peshob, ki ruzona ikhroj shudaast, boyad az shabona beshtar boshad va vazni qiyosii hamai porsiyaho ba tavri muayyane boyad pastobaland boshad.

Mana baze  nishonahoi bongi khatari khos dar borai illatnokiho va nojuriho:

  • 1010–1012. Zichchii peshob ba zichchii plazmai khun barobar ast (izostenuriya). In dar holate meshavad, ki agar bemor doruhoi peshobron khurda boshad yo bemorii pielonefrit berun az fazai khuruj yo illatnokii gurdaho doshta boshad.
  • 1002–1008. Zichchii peshob az zichchii plazmai khun kamtar ast (gipostenuriya). Alomathoi i pielonefriti vaznin ba nazar ayon hastand.
  • Ziyoda az 1025. Aniqtarash khun yakbora gafs shudaast – hangomi beobshavi  hamin tavr ruy medihad, dar kudakon – hangomi diatezi peshobturshi (pri mochekislom diateze).

BO RANGU TOBISHHOI ZARD

Baroi tahlil 100 — 200ml peshob, ki pagohiruzi jamovari karda shudaast, basanda ast. Bankachai khurdero bodiqqat shued va bo obi jush obgardon kuned, uzvhoi tanosulro shued, to in ki tahlil bo digar iflosiho oluda naboshad. Zanho naboyad dar ruzhoi hayz tahlil suporand. Oyo yagon dorue qabul mekuned? Dukhturo ogoh namoed: chunki baze doruho ba natijahoi tahlil tasir merasonand. Baroi  dieta  hej mahdudiyate nest, ammo naboyad pesh az tahlilsupori az obhoi minerali suistifoda kuned, — onho aksulamali (reaksiyai) peshobro tagyir medihand.

Malumotho az tarafi khonai nashriyotii  «Zdorove» peshnihod shudaand. Oyo khatogiero pay burded? Onro namudor  sozed va klavishhoi Ctrl+Enter zer kuned.

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