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Tahlili biokimiyovii khun

90% — i khun  – az ob iborat ast. Dar on safedaho, charbuho, karbogidratho, namakho, fermentho va mikroelementho mahlul shudaand. Hama guna nojurii (vayronshavii) rafohati organizm favran dar miqdori tarkibii onho inikos megardad. Tahlili biokimiyovii khun imkoniyat medihad, ki in guna tagyirothoi nozuk paygiri karda shavand va dardu kasaliho sari vaqt daryoft karda shavand. Mana chi tavr buzurgihoi (parametrhoi) asosii on ramzkushoi karda meshavand.

tahlili-bioximyovii-xun

Nishondihanda Meyor Tagyiryobii nishondihandaho chi mano dorad Glyukoza 3,5–6,5 mmol/l  Darajai (sathi)  glyukoza past meshavad, agar odam kayho boz chize nakhurda boshad; hangomi tagyirdihii voyai insulin; hangomi baze nojurihoi hormoni (gormonalnikh narusheniyakh). Balandshavii darajai glyukoza dar holati  diabeti qand doshtan imkonpazir ast  Safedai umumi 60–80 g/l  Safeda hangomi afsurdashavii kori jigar, gurdaho, kamkhuri (norasoii gizo), siroyathoi vaznin va dar holati sukhtagiho past meshavad. Miqdori safeda hangomi gafsshavii khun ziyod meshavad Albumin 40–60% aynan ba misli safedai umumi  Bilirubini umumi 8,5–20,5 mkmol/l Nishon medihad, ki jigar chi tavr kor mekunad. Boloravii on  – nishonai (simptomi) gepatit, bemorii sangi talkha, vayronshavii eritrositho Bilirubini mustaqim to 15,4 mkmol/l Ziyodshavii on ba gepatit ishora mekunad, shakhshavii safro (zahra) (zastoy jelchi (kholestaz)), sirrozi jigar Bilirubini gayri mustaqim to 4,6 mkmol/l Ziyodshavii on oidi poshkhurii hujayrahoi khun (gemoliz) shahodat medihad,  V12- anemiyai kamchin (defisitnoy anemii) Transaminazaho – ALT (ALAT) va  AST (ASAT)

ALT (ALAT) –
to 30 ME

AST (ASAT) –
to 40 ME

Hangomi gepatit, sirrozi jigar,  diabeti qand, baze infeksiyaho va pas az qabul kardani baze doruho, az qabili  – tetrasiklinho, parasetamol ziyod meshavad  Karbamid (Mochevina) to  8 mmol/l Ziyodshavii on oidi ravandi (prosessi) vaznini infeksioni, gurusnashini, kamshavii moeot (darunravi, qaykuni, peshobjamshavii az had ziyod), norasoii gurdaho khabar medihad  Kreatinin to 0,18 mmol/l Darajai (sathi) baland – alomati  norasoii gurdaho. Az meyor kam – khub meshud ki in guna shakhs nagzakak gizo khurad Laktadegidrogenaza  (LDG) to 460 ME Hangomi ziyodshavii LDG saktai (infarkti)  miokarla, bemorihoi jigar, infeksiyaho, omosho shubha karda meshavad Fosfotazai ishqori (SHelochnaya fosfataza) (SHF) 30–85 ME Ziyodshavii on ba bemorihoi jigar dar yakjoyagi bo shakhshavii safro (zahra), rakhit, barziyodii funksiyai gadudhoi siparshakl (giperparatireoz) khos ast.

Inho faqat buzurgihoi (parametrhoi) asosii tahlili biokimiyovii khun meboshand  – onho hamagi az sad-to ziyod hastand. Onho baroi tashkhisi daqiq zarurand, yane on vaqte ki nojurii organizm allakay daryoft karda shudaast. Dar in guna holatho tahlili vasei biokimiyovii khun tain karda meshavad, ki baroi har yak bemorii alohida khossa ast.

Baze tajhizotho (apparatho)  kogazi chopshudai natijaro na faqat bo meyorho (odatan sutunchai tarafi rost) nishon medihand, balki onro bo sitorachaho va qavsayni makhsuse niz ishora mekunad. Se holati mavqei sitoracha dar dokhili qavsayn va yak mavqei berun az qavsayn — yo dar tarafi chap yo dar tarafi rost, peshbini shudaast. Sitoracha aniq dar mobayni qavsayn – nishondihanda ideali ast. Ba tarafi qavsi chap jafs shudaast – meyori ast, ammo dar sarhadi poyoni, ba tarafi qavsi rost jafs shudaast – meyori ast, ammo dar sarhadi boloi. Sitoracha berun az qavsayn dar tarafi chap – natija az meyor pasttar ast. Sirtora berun az qavsayn dar tarafi rost – az meyor bolotar ast.

TARZI DURUST SUPORIDANI «TAHLILI BIOKIMIYOVI»

Hun baroi in tahlil az vena girifta meshavad. Agar shumo haros doshta boshed, pokvijdonona hamshiraro ogoh namoed: vay pakhtaero bo spirti navshotiri tayyor mekunad va baroi holathoi gayrichashmdosht omoda khohad bud. Hangomi giriftani khun saratonro ba digar su gardoned va nigoh nakuned, ki chi tavr ba venai shumo suzan mekhaland va probirkaro az khun pur mekunand. Baroi on ki dar borai dard fikr nakuned, hangomi suzankhaloni ba pustaton, shumo bo biniaton ohista va chuqur nafas kashed.

Ba laboratoriya az pagohii barvaqt va bo shikami gurusna omadan zarur ast. In sakhtgiri asosnok ast (sabab dorad): hatto pas az piyolai choy, kofe yo stakani kola darajai glyukoza dar khun bolo meravad, digar nishondihandaho niz metavonand tagyir yoband va dar in holat tahqiqot gayriinformativi meshavad.

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