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Tayor kardani andoza va buridan. Sokhtani qolab

Baroi chenaki vaseii qismi poyoni peshdoman boyad ba chenaki Nchr (nimchenaki ron) haqqi chok doda meshavad. Baroi on ki peshdoman ozod va qismi pahluii ronro purra pushad. Baroi on ki dar vaqti kashidani naqsha khonanda onro boyad khonda tavonistanash lozim. 

Misol:

  1. Juzhoi peshdoman az yakdigar farq dorad, peshdoman qismi boloii peshdoman khurdtar az qismi poyoni masnuot va ba tarafi qismi boloiash kamtar siqonda shudaast.
  2. Qismi kissai on ba chorkunja qismi poyoni peshgir ba rost kunja monandi dorad.
  3. Nomgui va alomathoi shartii khathoi ronro muayyan karda, az jussa onro yoftan osontar ast.
  4. Muayyan kardani holati burishho va nuqtahoi naqsha dar masnuot. Avval dar masnuoti tayyor va bad az jussa nishon dodan mumkin ast.
  5. Muayyan kardani buzurgihoi chenkuni, ki az on digargunii naqsha didan mumkin ast.

Agar khonanda naqsharo nagz khonada tavonad va ba khathoi asosiro farq karda tavonad baroi andozai khud az chenaki giriftanash qolab sokhta metavonash.

Sokhtani qolabi ruymoli sarband va peshdoman

buridanBaroi burida dukhtani masnuot albatta boyad qolab boshad. Qolab- in naqshai juzi ki ba andozai asli barobar ast. YAk masnuot az yakchand juzho iborat meboshad.

Qolabro be nazardoshti haqqi chok asosan ba nimi masnuot tayyor mekunand. Ba qolab nomi juzhoro meguzorand va tarafhoi ravishi rishtahoro asosan muayyan mekunand, joi qat va miyonajoi mato va shumorai qolabhoro muayyan mesozand.

Qolabhoro az qogazi gafs, borik (kalka, kalyonka. salafanhoi gafs) mesozand.

Qolabhoi asosiro az rui naqshahoi asosi, ki durust chenak girifta shudaand tayyor mekunand. Namudhoi fasonhoi gunoguni murakkabro az rui qolabi asosi bo jadvali sekunja, (lekalo), qalam, khatkurkun va gayra tagir dodan mumkin ast.

Tartib dodani fasonhoi gunoguni soddatar az rui qolabi asosi jahonbini va tafakkuri khonandaro vase namuda, bodiqqati, fahmishi chuqur oid ba fasonhoi zeboparasti, maylu ragbat, mahoratu malaka oid ba dukhtani masnuotro paydo mekunand va dar navbati khud dar barobari in intikhobi fasonhoi gunongunro dar intikhobi mato meomuzand.

Pesh az on ki qolabro ba andozai khud tayyor kunand, boyad ba daftar bo jadvali miqyosi M1:4 yakchand bor mashq karda, kashida buridan lozim, to ki malaka nisbati buridani qolab paydo shavad.

Jadvali miqyosi muvofiqi standart yakchand khel meshavad. Misol, dar vaqti kam kardan va khurd kardani andoza M1:2, 1:5, 1:10, yane du marotiba panj va dah marotiba khurd.

Dar vaqti kalonkuni mashtabi 2:1, 5:1, 10:1 yane du marotiba, panj va dah marotiba kalon meshavad.

Ba gayr az in boz miqyoshoi 1:2,5 (2,5:1), 1:4 (4:1) Baroi dukhtani libos va sokhtani qolab, khonandagon asosan bo miqyosi 1:4-ro istifoda barand behtar ast. Agar khudi jadval naboshad, khonandagon metavonand az varaqai kataki daftari oddi istifoda barand. Baroi mustahkami varaqa ba qafoi jadvali 30 sm, karton yo faneri chaspondan mumkin ast.

Dar naqsha khathoi asosiro bo khathoi yaklukhti gafs chudo karda, yakchand bor chen karda va bovari hosil karda, bad onro buridan lozim ast. Qabl az buridani qolab khonandagon avval ba muallim onro nishon dihad va khatogihoi sodirshudaro isloh namoyand.

Bad az buridani qolab boz yak bor onro boyad sanjid, ki dar andoza tagiroti kalon nashuda boshad.

Baroi qolab shablonho bo yorii jadvalhoi sekunja kunjak va gayra tayyor karda meshavand. Qolabi tayyorro ba asosi naqsha muvofiqat mekunand, ki on yakkhela ast yo ne, yane az giriftani chenaki durusti qolab sahehtar tayyor meshavad.

Dar vaqti buridani qolab ba qaychi zadani dast ahamiyat dihed, ki khathoi buridashudai qolab rost hamvor boshad va nuqson nadoshta boshad, yane tarafhoi pahluii qolab arra-arra naboshad. Qoidahoi buridan va kor bo qaychiro donistan lozim ast.

Bad az mashq kardan bo mashtabi 1:4 bad bo jadvali metri andozai asosiro tayyor mekunem.

Oyo shumo medoned

Qolab, ki baroi buridani mato lozim bud hanuz dar asri J mato istifoda burda meshud. Qolabro chevarho ehtiyotkorna nigoh medoshtand, ki az rui qolab nuskhabardori nakunand. Az soli 1860 barovardani qolabro dar istehsolot tashkil kardan. Asosan firmai E, Bavtterika dar solhoi 1826- 1903 qolabhoro mebarovard.

Savol va suporish

1.Baroi sokhtani qolab chihoro ba nazar megirand?

2.Dar vaqti kashidani qolab kadom jadvalro istifoda mebarand?

3. Qolabi peshdoman varuymoli sarbandro ba andozai khud tayyor namoed.

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