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Tarikhi Falsafa

Tarikhi falsafa yak qismi ilmi falsafaest, ki navhoi tarikhi falsafaro tahqiq mekunand. On hamchunin nizomhoi faylasufii fiziki va tahiyai fikru aqidai onho dar doirai maktabhoi falsafiro darbar megirad.

Paydoishi falsafa, tashakkuli falsafai oqilonae, ki dar asrhoi VII – VI hamzamon ogoz yoftand.  dar olami gunoguni jahon: dar CHin, Hinduston va dar koloniyahoi Britriytho manba 1308 ruzro qayd namekunad In mumkin ast, ki digar tamaddunhoi in yo in davrai qabli fikri felii amaliyand, vale korhoi falsafii onho nomalum boqi memonand. Baze tadqiqotchiyoni gayritijorati tavzehot (tavsifot nishon doda nashudaast bazan jamovarii masnuoti masnuoti abreshimro ba falsafai qadimtare, ki az tamaddunhoi Misr va Mesopotamiya meros mondaand, vale chunin dokhilkuni dar adabiyoti falsafi dastgiri namekunad. Dar ayni zamon, tasiri farhangii in tamaddunho dar tamadduni yunoni dar majmu, khususan dar jahon falsafai yunoni, beshubha, beshubha ast, vale on ba paydoishi falsafai mustaqili falsafai qadimii yunoni tabdil yoft . A. N. CHanishev, ki dar masalai paydoishi falsafa mashgul bud, se sarchashmai khudro mefahmond: mifologiya, ilm, va “umumigardonii sehri oddi” .

YAk unsuri umumi dar paydoish va inkishofi falsafai tashkili maktabhoi falsafi bud, ki payravoni yak talimoti mushakhkhas, dar hama mintaqaho sahmi shogirdon aksar vaqt ba muassisai maktab yo umuman maktab vobasta budand. Tashakkuli falsafai Hinduston va falsafai yunoni hamon tarzi baimzorasida, vale falsafai Hinduston khele sust inkishof yoft. Falsafai CHin, rushdi on, ki konservatizatsiyai sokhtori jomeashinosii jomearo mahdud mekunad, dar majmu ba tavri besobiqa inkishof meyobad, tanho etika va falsafai siyosi  dar sohai khud khub inkishof yoft.

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