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TUDARI

Tudari — in tukhmi giyohest bargash daroz, bepoya, shokhhoi on surkhi sakht va bo andak khore; samarash dar gilofe, ki boriku nozuk ast. Tukhmash az tukhmi nask kuchaktar, andak pahn. Muallifoni «Makhzan-ul-adviya» va «Muhiti azam» qayd kardaand, ki in se nav ast: surkh, zard va safed. Vale sohibi «Ikhtiyoroti badei» shahodat medihad, ki in chor nav ast: zard, safed, surkh, gulgun. Tukhmi safedi on az qismhoi surkh va zardi on andak kalontar va pahntar ast.

Mizoji tukhmash dar darajai duvum garm va dar yakum tar ast. Hislathoi shifobakhshi on: khosiyathoi hamai qismhoyash ham qarib ba yakdigar nazdikand. Agar bikhurand, ishtiho meovarad, quvvati bohro afzun megardonad, oloti mardiro ba harakat meovarad, badanro farbeh mekunad; agar dar uzvhoi dokhili sina va shikam sardi afzuda boshad, ba isloh medihad; rangi ruyro surkh megardonad, pusti badanro pok menamoyad, moddahoi savdoviro az badan daf mekunad, ovozro mekushoyad; surfaero, ki sababash ziyod shudani khun dar rohi nafas boshad, shifo mebakhshad, inchunin surfai khushkro daf mesozad.

Agar onro dar sirko pukhta bikhurand, azoi badanro farbeh mekunad, rangi ruyro sof megardonad. Tukhmashro kufta, bo ob khamir karda, az ru guzoshta bandand, saratoni dokhiliro tahlil medihad va barad (jirovik)-ro nest mekunad, varamhoi sakhtro megardonad. Agar inro mahin soida, bo asal daromekhta, ba chashm bikashand, zakhmi onro shifo mebakhshad va chashmro az rimu chirk pok mesozad. Kuftai onro bo asal khamir karda, lesida bikhurand, akhloti chaspaki uzvhoi daruni sina va shushro parokanda menamoyad.

tudari-300x225Inro dar ob jushonida, on obro bo sharob daromekhta binushand, zahrhoi gunoguni dar badan dokhilgashtaro daf mekunad. Tukhmi onro yak shabonaruz dar ob tar karda, bad dar hamon ob jushonida, soni polida sof karda, dar khaltacha basta, dar magzi khamir girifta, dar zeri otash pukhta bikhurand, akhloti gafsi chaspaki dar daruni sina va shush budaro ba vositai qay va dar namudi balgam daf mekunad; varamhoi sakhti pushti gush, piston va khoyahoro tahlil medihad, aziyati davohoi qotilro daf mesozad.

Miqdori yak bor khurdan baroi daf kardani zahr az badan az 10,5 to 17,5 gramm ast. Dar digar holat miqdori yak bor dar yak ruz khurdan az 7 to 10,5 gramm ast. Giyohi in rastaniro bikhurand, darunro mebandad va varamhoi dokhiliro megardonad.

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