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TASIRI TELEVIZION BA AFKORI UMUM

Televizion vositai etimodbakhshi ittilootii ommaviest, ki dar yak muddati kutoh tavonistaast, binandagoni ziyod paydo karda, dar har khonadon maskan girad. Etimodbakhshiash dar on zohir megardad, ki ba navor saru kor girifta, binandaro shohidi bevositai voqea megardonad. Muassirii televizion boisi on megardad, ki dar barobari ittilorasoni digar vazifahoro niz bar       dush     girad. Ba monandi ijtimoigardoni, farhangu farogatbakhshi, tarbiyaviyu akhloqi. Dar barobari hamai in, vazifai murakkabtare bar zimmai televizion voguzoshta meshavad: inhisorkuni va tabligu tashviq. In hadafhoi khodimoni ejodii televizion ba vositai tasirrasoni ba psikhologiyai jomea khub ijro megardand. Omuzishi psikhologiyai auditoriya va ba taassuroti onho muvofiq omoda namudani barnomahoi  televizioni boisi muvaffaqiyati jurnalistoni televizion gardida metavonad.

novosti-radioInhisorkuni va targibu tashviq bo hadafhoi gunogun ba roh monda meshavad. Ham bo hadafhoi manfiatbakhsh va ham baraks, baroi ijroi hadafhoi shakhsi. Tabligu tashviqi sulhu vahdat, oromivu osudagi, tahammulpaziri, ehtiromi farhangu tamadduni milli va bo nazardoshti on dar tafakkuri mardum joy namudani ideyai gumanistivu sulhjuyi, vahdatu yagonagi manfiatovar ast.

Inhisorkuni ba khotiri amali namudani hadafhoi shakhsi, ki bazan bo jangu jidol va nofahmihoi dokhili yo khorijii yak davlat meanjomad, tavassuti televizionhoe anjom doda meshavand, ki bo maqsadi amaliyoti «jangi sard» tasis yoftaand yo amal mekunand. Targibu tashviq va inhisorkunii tafakkuri binanda az jonibi in guna televizionho muhaqqiqonro ba tashvish ovarda, baroi omuzishi rohhoi peshgiri va nishon dodani rohhoi khudmuhofizatkunii binandagon az hama jihat kushish

Hatari tasiri manfii televizion, makhsusan, ba kudakon ziyod his meshavad, ki on masalai tashvishovar buda, ham ba inkishofi zehni va ham akhloqii onho betasir namemonad. Barnomahoi baroi nasli navras va javonon boyad bo nazardoshti psikhologiyai sinnusoli tahiya gardand. Vobasta ba talaboti sinnusoli jurnalist vaqte namoish omoda karda metavonad, ki agar psikhologiya va tasiri psikhologii barnoma yo namoishi khudro dark namoyad.

Auditoriyai vasei televizion, az kudak to kalonsol, az ziyoi to dehkon, zanu mard zeri tasiri psikhologii televizion qaror megirand. Taassuroti musbivu manfi guzoshtani televizion boisi murakkabii vaziyati kununii tamomi jahon gardidaast. Az in lihoz omuzishi vositahoi tasirrasonii psikhologii televizion va umuman, omuzishi psikhologiyai jurnalistika chun yak shokhai vasei ilmi jurnalistika dar zamoni muosir zarur ast. In zarurat boisi intikhobi mavzu gardidaast.

Az jonibi muhaqqiqoni rus doir ba mavzui psikhologiyai jurnalistika, tasiri psikhologii televizion va digar vositahoi akhbori omma, inhisorkunii afkori omma tavassuti televizion va tabligu tashviq tavassuti on tahqiqoti ziyode guzaronida shudaast. Az in jo, dar navishti monografiya ba tahqiqoti muhaqqiqoni rus beshtar tavajjuh namudem. Tahqiqoti muhaqqiqi rus E.E. Pronina dar mavzui psikhologiyai jurnalistika qobili tavajjuh ast. Muhaqqiq dar asosi tahqiqoti chandinsola dar sohai psikhologiyai jurnalistika ba khulosa meoyand, ki mavodi jurnalisti qodir ast na tanho ba psikhologiyai auditoriya tasir guzorad, balki khudi jurnalistro zeri tasir girad.

Tahqiqoti A.M.SHesterina dar mavridi munosibati ilmi psikhologiya va jurnalistika jolib buda, tatqiqotash aniq va nishonras ast. Hamchunin, ba in mavzu G.L. Kapustina1, O.V. Barsukova,[1] [2] M.V. Semkina[3] tavajjuh zohir namudaand.

Nazariyai psikhologiyai jurnalistika, makhsusan, tasiri televizion ba tarbiyai ravonii jomea, az jumla kudakon, az jonibi muhaqqiqoni tojik ba tavri boyadu shoyad mavridi tahqiq qaror nagiriftaast. Baze muhaqqiqon – A.Nuraliev, A.Sadulloev, I.Usmonov, A. Azimov, M.Murodov, M. Abdulloev, SH.Mulloev dar robita ba mavzui tasirrasonii psikhologii televizion ishoraho dorand.

Muhaqqiqi jurnalistika I.Usmonov dar mavridi inhisorkunii tafakkuri binanda tavassuti ittilo, dar khususi funksiyai targibotii VAO, dalelhoi voqei ovardaast. Az jumla u meguyad: «Tamomi matbuot hatto dar ittiloi yakjumlai betarafona chunon zada meguzorad, ki manfiati onro bozguyad. Lihozo, sarfi nazar kardani kalimai tablig khudfirebii mahz astu bas.» [4]

b. Maqolaho

Muhaqqiqi digari tojik professor A.Sadulloev boshad, mushakhassan, makhsusiyati tasirguzorii televizionro zikr mekunad. Muhaqqiq bar on nazar ast, ki: «Azbaski VAO bo ommaho saru kor dorand, tabiist, ki jurnaliston hangomi faoliyati kori bo avzoi ravonii jomea etibori beshtare medihand.». 1

Dar kori R.Bobojonova[5] [6] va G.Umarova[7] tasiri inikosi masoili genderi dar rasonahoi Tojikiston va tasiri psikhologii on ba auditoriya tahqiqu tahlil gardida, baze masalaho hallu fasl shudaand.

Dar barobari istifodai asarhoi muhaqqiqoni sohai jurnalistika, psikhologiyai jurnalistika va publitsistikai tojik, khorijiyu rus, inchunin, az muhaqqiqoni sohai psikhologiyai tojik niz dar navishti monografiya vase istifoda namudem. Tatqiqoti ravonshinosoni vatani R.Otakhonov, M.Davlatov, N. YUnusova, M. Aliev, S. Rasulov, N.Amonov, Q.Karimov, G.Abdurahmonov, N.Rajabov[8] va khoriji V.Bogoslovskiy, A.Stepanov, A.Vinogradova[9], A.Petrovskiy[10] khele mufid bud.

Bori avval dar Tojikiston kushishi tahqiqi tasiri psikhologii televizion ba jomea surat megirad. Garchande
az ogozi faoliyati televizion dar Jumhurii Tojikiston qarib 60 sol guzashta boshad ham, janbai tasirrasoni psikhologii televizion ba tarzi boyadu shoyad omukhta nashudaast. Az in jo tatqiqot nishon medihad, ki na hamai masalahoi marbut ba tasiri psikhologii barnomahoi televizioni mavridi barrasi qaror giriftaast.

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