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TAVSIYAHO BAROI TOLIBILMON OID BA SANJISH VA BAHOGUZORY BA DONISHI HUD

Hangomi ijro namudani hama guna faoliyat odam ba natijai on mutavajjed meshavad. Hangomi khatmi faoliyat odam amaldoi khudro bahoguzori, khatohoi khudro his namuda, baroi islodi on vaqt judo mekunad. Agar maqsadi dar pesh guzoshtashuda muvaffaqona ba dast oyad, odam bo on khursand meshavad. Kushish mekunad, ki boz pesh ravad va ba natijai boz dam bedtar noil shavad.

Faoliyati talimii tolibilmon bisyor murakkab buda, damchun misli zadmati odami kalonsol arzishmand ast. Baroi ijroi on dar barobari zadmati aqlii tolibilm, dar on qobiliyati amaly, hama guna layoqat, khodish, motivatsiya, uddabaroi, ba iborai digar, tamomi olami inson, shirkat mevarzand. Az in ru, dangomi pesh burdani faoliyati talimy, shogird boyad diqqati kheshro ba chizi asosy ravona sozad.

Tolibilmoni aziz! Sayu kushishi SHumo hangomi ijro namudani suporishdoi talimy, donishu malakahoi badastovardaaton, az jonibi muallimon, volidon, barodaron, khoharon va rafiqoni SHumo sanjida ba bahoguzory meshavand. Ba in asos namuda, digaron dar borai SHumo qazovat mekunand. SHumoro az rui ondo tasavvur mekunand. Az rui in malumot SHumoro tavsif mekunand. Ilova ba on, dar yak toli­bilm boyad mustaqilona kori khudro bahoguzory va bisanjad. Dar in mavrid diqqati asosii SHumo boyad ba sanjishi mustaqilonai donishdoi khud oid ba tabiatshinosi ravona gardad.

Tu bo bahoi muallim rozy hasty va yo qanoatmand nesti? CHaro agar muallim donishhoi turo bahoguzory kunad, tu khudro ba tavri digar bahoguzory mekuny? Sababi on dar chist?

Zero ki talaboti tu nisbat ba talabote, ki muallim hangomi badoguzorii donishi tu dorad, andak digartar ast. Az in ru, biyoed dar mavridi rokhdoi osoni sanjishi donishhoi ba dastovarda az tabiatshinosi tavaqquf bikunem.

Pesh az hama hamesha ba on kalimae, ki muallim meguyad, tavachdud namoed va kushish kuned, ki onro bifadmed.

Ba nomi mavzu, modiyati savoldoe, ki muallim medidad, vositadoi ayony va tajribahoe, ki dar sinf nishon doda shudaast, diqqat namoed. Mavoddoi omukhtashudaro bo mushodida dar tabiat, jidati istifodai on dar dayoti ruzmarra va dar sharoiti khonagy tadlil namoed. Pas az on mavodro dar kitobi darsy bikhoned va kushish namoed onro bifahmed. Sababi asosii paydoishi dar yak dodisaro bidoned. Ba pursishdoe, ki dar khotimai dar yak paragraf dast, posukh dihed. In pursishho sanjishi mustaqilonai donishdoi SHumo ba shumor meravand. Dar kitobi darsy tanho posukhdoro ba pursishdo justuju nakarda, ondoro tahlil kuned. Savolhoro digar kuned va ondoro dubora tartib dided va baroi ondo posukh justuju kuned. Ana in tafakkuri intiqodi va yo naqdi tafakkur ast. Hangomi posukh dodan ba rafiqon, barodaron, khoharon, volidon boyad rushan, daqiq gap zaned. Hamchunin faromush nakuned, ki vaqte chizero ba kase naql mekuned yo mefahmoned, khudi SHumo onro dark khohed kard. Agar SHumo donishi khudro bo sharkhd shifohy, navishtani qoidaho, kashidani rasmho, ifoda namoed, pas donishi SHumo mustahkamu qavi meshavand. SHumo bo rohi kashidani yak raem va yo navishtani posukh ba kogazhoi gunogun yakchand marotiba in amalro takror namuda, bad-in vasila mashqu tamrin namoed. Har dafa onro takror namuda, vayro dar umqi khotirai khesh hifz khohed kard. Kushish kuned, to tavri kutoh sanaho, nomhoi olimon, nomi kishvarhoro, dar kujo zindagy kardani onhoro ba hamdigar payvand sozed. SHumo metavoned onro dar namudi skhema, toblu, grafika, rasm va nigora sabt namoed. CHunin varaqchahoro chun tavsiyanomahoi kutoh navishta, onro dar yakchand joi khona avezon kuned. Har dafa, ki SHumo onhoro mebined, mavodhoi talimiro ba yod khohed ovard. Agar SHumo har dafa khatohoi khudro dark va isloh menamoed, SHumo mustaqilonayu samaranok khudro sanjida metavoned. Natijai sanjish ba bahoguzorii donish ovarda merasonad. Muallimon hangomi sanjishi donishhoi SHumo az talaboti makhsus kor megirand. Onho meyorhoi bahoguzori no- mida, on dar barnomai talimii tabiatshinoey doda shudaast. In meyorhoro SHumo niz boyad bidoned.

Dar maktabhoi SHumo asosan sistemai 5-ballai bahoguzori istifoda meshavad.

Agar posukhi tolibilm durust, paydarham va daqiq boshad, pas ba vay bahoi alo – «5» guzoshta meshavad. Dar in mavrid tolibilm mohiyati mafhumhoi asosi, hodisaho va qonunhoro durust dark karda, tavri daqiq qoidavu tarifhoro sharh doda, alamati chenakho, formulaho, vohidho va rohkhoi chenkunii onhoro medonad. Posukhashro bo rasmho, nigoraho, tobluhoi marbuta payvast mesozad.

Vay suporishhoro durust hal namuda, metavonad donishhoi khudro dar amal is­tifoda barad. Agar tolibilm ba talaboti baland javob dihad, vale ba yak yo du khatoy roh doda, in khatoiro bo kumaki muallim metavonad isloh namoyad, pas bahoi «khub» – «4» guzoshta meshavad.

Agar tolibilm hodisahoi fiziky, mohiyati qonunho, mafkhumhoro durust dark karda, vale ba baze khatogiho roh medihad, nametavonad tavri purra donishhoi khu­dro hangomi halli masalaho istifoda barad, pas ba bahoi qanoatbakhsh – «3» gu­zoshta meshavad.

Dar in mavrid, harchand tolibilm matnro az kitobi darsi khub naql mekunad, vale nametavonad manoi onro purra bifahmad. Vay mohiyati hodisai omukhtashavandaro mefahmad, vale daqiq onro hangomi az mushohidaho dar tabiat farq namekunad va onro dar hayoti ruzmarra istifoda namebarad.

Mafhumhoi mushobehro omekhta mekunad.

Agar donishi tolibilm ba talaboti bahoi kanoatbakhsh muvofiqat namekunad, pas ba vay bahoi gayriqanoatbakhsh – «2» guzoshta meshavad.

Dar in mavrid, tolibilm dar borai dalelhoi omukhtashavanda, hodisaho, chenakho malumot doshta, manii onhoro dark namekunad.

YAk hodisaro bo hodisai digar omekhta mekunad. CHenakhoero, ki onhoro ifoda mekunand, namedonad. Masalahoi odiro az rui formulahoi tayyor hal karda na- 155 metavonad. Agar tolibilm ba yagon savoli dodashuda , javob doda nametavonad, ba u bahoi – «1» guzoshta meshavad.

Tol ib il moi i aziz! Agar SHumo chunin talabotro hangomi bahoguzorii donishhoyaton peshi khud guzored, pas SHumo khudro fireb nakarda, adolatro khohed omukht. Faromush nakuned, ki bahoguzorii odilonai khudi sifati purarzishi inso- nii SHumo shumorida meshavad. To muloqot dar sahifahoi kitobhoi darsii «Geo­grafiya», «Biologiya», «Fizika», «Kimiyo»-i sinfhoi oyanda!

 

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