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TARZI KORI SHIRKATHOI PAHTA

Vaqte mo bo kolkhozho dar mablagguzorii ruyondani pakhta hamkori sar kardem, raisoni khojagiho ba mo peshni- hodhoi ajibu garibe mekardand. Mablagguzori tibqi naqshai az qabl muvofiqashuda anjom meshud, vale raison hamesha ku- shish mekardand, ki az naqsha beshtar mablag bigirand.

Hatto peshnihod mekardand, ki rasman ba khojagi mablagi ilovagi navishta, nimashro bidihem va nimashro ba khudamon bigirem. Vaqte mo ba in darkhosthoi khilofi qarordod javobi rad do- dem, raisoni baze kolkhozho etiroz kardand, meguftand, ki shirkathoi digar ba kolkhozhoi hampaymonashon mablaghoi az naqsha beshtar medihand va haqqi khudashonro megirand. CHun in talabho takror shud, man pai tahqiq raftam.

Malum shud, ki pesh az mo in khojagiho bo shirkathoi digar bo hamin sabk kor mekardaand. Mablagguzori tarze tarhrezi shuda bud, ki dar holi az har hektar 2 ton pakhta chidan, ba khojagi hamagi panj – dah darsad sud meovard. Dodani mablagi ilovagii dar naqsha peshbininashuda, khatari barnagashtani qarzro bolo meburd.

tijorat-paxta

Mo bo yake az shirkathoi fyuchersi dodugirift doshtem va az in sabab bo masuloni shirkat vokhurdan lozim meomad. Bore man bo masuli taminoti in shirkat ba anborashon raftam. Dodugirifti in masul bo kormandoni khojagiho, ki man shohidash budam, baroi man bisyor chizhoro oshkor kard. U beistihola az kormandoni masuli taminoti kolkhozho rishva megirift va ba naqshai taminot nigoh nakarda, ba onho bori ilovagi medod. Man in masalaro bo raisi on shirkat mashva- rat kardam va didam, ki u in ravishro qabul dorad va khudash ham az on istifoda mekunad.

In kor yak hamoqati mahz bud, u khudash az shirkati khudash meduzdid. Vaqte man erod giriftam, ki dar holi mablagguzorii besh az naqsha khatari barnagashtani qarz bolo meravad, didam, ki u dar bargardondani qarz chan- don masuliyat ehsos namekunad, dar bayni raisoni shirkat va khojagiho zehniyate roij bud, ki davlat in mablaghoro mebakhshad. Badan didam, ki hamin ravish dar aksari shirkathoi fyuchersi istifoda meshud. Az sababi hamin tarzi kor, allakay khojagiho mablaghoi ziyod qarzdor shuda budand va raison az rui maqoli «ob ki az sar guzasht, chi yak vajab, chi sad», amal karda, daromadi imruzaashonro avlotar medonistand.

Man bo raisoni shirkathoi fyuchersi oshnoi va munosiba- ti khub doshtam, vale az haq nametavon guzasht, mutaassifona, boyad zikr kunam, ki onho dar in marhalai hassos baroi obo- donii sohai kishovarzi masuliyatshinosona amal nakardand. Maqsadashon giriftani vomhoi beshtar az khorijiyon bud, zero qismi in mablaghoro ba har rohu vasila, az jumla bo yorii ra- isoni kolkhozho azkhud mekardand. Az sababi nabudani nazorat, molhoi zaruriro, az qabili nurihoi minerali va mavodi sukht ba khojagiho bo narkhi duchand medodand.

Kafolati az sui Bonki milli dodashudaro suistifoda mekardand, dar bargardondani qarz masuliyat ehsos namekardand. Raisoni shirkatho aksaran, shakhsoni tasodufi budand va tasodufan voridi nizomi buzurgi mablagguzori shuda, dar sar beshtar havoi shuhratu savlat va sarvatgundorii shakhsi doshtand. Man in jo du hikoyat meoram, ki shakhsiyat va sathi farhangi saroni shirkathoi mahalliro ba khonanda rushan mekunad.

SHahrhoi Avrupo baroi rohat zistani odam sokhta shudaand. Tamomi khadamoti lozima, az qabili naqliyotu behdosht va porku restoranu furushgohho dar in shahrho baroi zindagii harchi rohattari shahrvandon ba tavri shoyon tashkil karda shudaand. Avrupoiyon bo darki masuliyat beshtar az naqliyoti jamiyati, ki korash khele munazzam ba roh monda shudaast, istifoda me- kunand, zero naqliyoti jamiyati beshtar barqi buda, muhiti zistro oluda namekunad. Az ducharkha niz farovon istifoda mekunand, ki az yak su, baroi salomatii khudashon mufid boshad, az sui digar, havoro oluda namekunad va ba tozagii muhiti zist musoid ast.

Bore, saroni shirkathoi pakhtafurushi mahalli ba shahri Vinterturi Sviss baroi muzokirot ba ofisi shirkati Reynhart raftand. Moliki shirkat janobi Pol Reynhart bo ducharkha ba kor omad.

Bardoshti saroni shirkatho jolib bud, ba u laqabi «murda» dodand. Meguftand, khele sakht ast in Pol, bo in hama doroi dilash nameshavad, yak moshin kharad baroi khudash. Hol on ki u sadho million doroi doshta boshad ham, shakhsi furutan bud, zindagii soda dosht va har sol millionho dollar kumakhoi khayriya mekard. Ba andeshai navkisagon, agar kase puldor shavad, boyad bo takabbur va purjilo zindagi kunad.

Bore bad az hamoishi tojironi pakhta, ki dar Ingliston voqe shuda bud, dar shahri Landan sayrugasht va tamosho mekar- dem. Rohbaladi mo Oksana az shirkati «Danavant» bud. Kalisoi Vestminsterro tamosho karda, berun baromadem. In yak binoi qadimii bohashamat ast, ki devorhoyash bo takhtasanghoi buzurgi khokirang pushida shudaand. Sanghoi devor az sababi iqlimi rutubatnok pardae az hariri magor dosht. Binohoi atrofash niz hamin tavr bo saliqai khosi inglisi tarrohi va koshinkori shudaand. Murod, yake az saroni shirkathoi sodiroti pakhta, ki niz hamrohi mo bud, az Oksana pursid:

  • In inglisho khele sakhtand, charo in devorhoro, aqqalan, rang namekunand?

CHashmoni Oksana az kosakhonaash berun zadand:

  • Murod! – bo hayratu taajjub gufta tavonist u.

Man didam, ki Oksana harf nameyobad, ki taassurotashro bayon kunad, latifai on vaqtho marufro naql kardam, ki sa- ravval kame tavzeh mekhohad.

Solhoi navad, vaqte ki sohibkorii khususi ijozat shud, dar Rusiya az hisobi shakhsoni avbosh va muzofoti guruhhoi jinoii ziyod paydo shudand, ki bo avboshivu zuri va rohhoi digari gayriqonuni sarvat jam mekardand. Halqi rus ba onho «rusi nav» nom guzoshta bud. Odatan «rushoi nav» odamoni bemada- niyat va govzur budand, ki sarvati ziyod ba dast ovarda boshand ham, donishu akhloqi khub nadoshtand. Halqi rus dar borai onho latifahoi ziyod mesokht.

Ruze «rusi nav»-e bo pisari khurdsolash az khiyoboni Arbati Maskav, ki naqqoshon dar khiyobon nishasta, tasviri odamonro mekashand, meguzasht. Pisarak vaqte naqqoshro did, ki bodiqqat tasvir mekashad, az padarash pursid:

  • U chi kor mekunad?

«Rusi nav» javob dod:

  • Baroi durbini suratgiri kharidan pul nadorad, majbur bo dastonash tasvir mekashad.

Oksana bo rizoyat sar junbond. Murod, ki az jinsi «rusi nav» bud, hamchunon bo shavq dar borai binohoi shishagi va jilodori Dubay naql mekard. Uro meshavad «tojiki nav» un- von kard.

Hamin bud sathi farhangu jahonbinii raisoni aksari shirkathoi fyuchersi. Mutaassifona, dar natijai harju marji dar kishvar ittifoq aftoda, dar aksari sohaho shakhsoni ta- sodufi ba rohbari rasida budand.

Rosti, on solho dar silsilai mablagguzorii pakhta duzdi az tah to bolo surat megirift, vale raisoni shirkathoi mahalli naqshi kharobkori beshtare doshtand. Dar holi masuliyati beshtar ehsos kardani onho in soha metavonist sudovar shavad va naqshi «lokomotiv»-ro dar iqtisodi kishvar ijro kunad.

Man, ki rioyai insofu halolkhuriro dar tijorat sarmash- qi kori khud qaror doda budam, bo in tarzi tafakkur va mab- lagguzori komilan mukholif budam va az in sabab bo raisoni kolkhozhoe, ki maqsadi obodkori doshtand, suhbat karda, onhoro bovar kunondam, ki oqibati in kor khub nest. Az hamkori bo kolkhozhoe, ki ba nizomi fasod odat karda budand, dast kashi- dam. Va dar mablagguzori sarfajuiro ba roh mondam. Bo kam- tarin hazina hosilro meruyondem, ki in tarzi kor dar nihoyat ba khojagiho daromadi beshtare medod. Dar davomi se-chor sol khojagiho tavonistand, ki qarzhoi moro bargardonand va khud- kifo shavand. Masalan, vaqte mo bo khojagii 50-solagii SSSR az nohiyai Qubodiyon qarordod bastem, azoyash az Afgoniston bargashta budand va khojagi dar holi bad qaror dosht. Porki traktorho va anborhoyash komilan gorat shuda budand. Dar davo- mi se-chor sol in khojagi ba purragi barqaror va khudkifo shud.

Rahim nom zodai dehai Guytani darai Kishtudro solhoi 60, bad az khatmi donishgoh baroi muallimi, bo rohkhat ba nohiyai Bokhtari viloyati Qurgonteppa firistoda budaand. U hamon jo khonavu dar karda, oilador shuda budaast. Vaqti jangi shahrvandi u gureza shuda, ba zodgohash bargasht. Pisa- ri u Zokirjon ronandai moshini borkash va dusti barodari kaloniyam Abdunaim, dar shirkati mo ronandagi mekard. Ruze Zokirjon tagobachaash Abdulmuminro az nohiyai Farkhor ba nazdi man ovard. Abdulmumin mekhost dar shirkati mo hamchun nigahbon ba kor daroyad.

Dar suhbat bo u man donistam, ki u fardi bogayrat va qobil ast. On zamon qarori hukumat dar borai ba khojagihoi dehqoni taqsim kardani kolkhozho baromada bud. Man ba u mohiyati in qarorro fahmonda, khohish kardam, ki rafta zamin girad va khojagii dehqoni tashkil namoyad. U khojagii dehqonii «Somoniyon» tashkil karda, az sifr ogoz kard. Man khojagii uro bo mablag tamin karda, ba u rohhoi sarfakori dar ruyondani pakhtaro nishon medodam. U khudash, ki qobil bud, juziyoti pakhtakoriro khele zud va ba tavri hasana yod girift. Hamin tavr, khojagii dehqonii Somoniyoni nohiyai Farkhor niz vaqte bo mo qarordod bast, az sifr shuru kard va dar davomi muddati mazkur sohibi kishtzori obod va fermai govu aspu ramahoi gusfand shud.

Hamin tavr khojagihoi nohiyahoi YOvon, Qubodiyon, Farkhor, Rudaki va gayra, ki bo mo kor mekardand, hama khudkifo shu- dand dar hole, ki qarib tamomi khojagihoi digari jumhuri ba qarz gutidand va dar nihoyat davlat az sababi qarzi khorijiro kafolat dodan, majbur shud pardokhti nim milliard dollarro ba dush girad.

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