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TARZHOI BAKORDARORII PROGRAMMAHO DAR WINDOWS

Paydoshavii ravzanai Mizi korii sistemai Windows (Rasmi 2) dar ekran shahodati on ast, ki istifodabarandai MEH allakay ba muhiti in sistemai operatsioni vorid gashtaast.

Pas az voridshavi ba sistema, istifodabaranda imkoniyat paydo menamoyad, ki yagon programmaro ba kor darorad va bo yorii on masalai muayyanero hal namoyad. Boyad qayd kard, ki aksariyati programmahoe, ki to imruzho istifoda burda meshavand, to paydoishi sistemai Windows sokhta shudaand va onho bevosita dar muhiti in sistema kor karda nametavonand. CHunin programmaho asosan baroi muhiti sistemai operatsionii MS DOS sokhta shudaand, ki onhoro Dos programmaho meguyand. Pesh az ba kor darovardani in guna programmaho dar Windows, avval sistemai MS DOS-ro ba kor omoda mesozand. Programmahoi baroi sistemai Windows sokhtashudaro Windows-programmaho meguyand.

Dar sistemai Windows imkoniyathoi farovoni ba kor darovardani programmaho vujud dorand. Intikhobi in yo on usuli bakordarorii programmaho az khudi istifodabarandai kompyuter vobasta ast. Programmahoro ba vositai menyui asosii sistema, nishonai hujjathoi ba vositai in programmaho sokhtashuda, yarliki programmaho, papkahoi Kompyuteri man yo Rohbalad va gayra ba kor omoda sokhtan mumkin ast. Bakordarorii programma bo yorii menyui asosi. Dar Paneli masalaho tugmai Pusk (Ogoz)-ro pakhsh karda, ba menyui asosii sistema vorid meshavem.

windowsNishondihandai mushro ba satri Programmi (Programmaho) guzoshta kame intizor meshavem va az ruykhati paydogardidai programmaho programmai lozimiro intikhob menamoem. Masalan, dar rasmi 36, tarzi intikhobkunii programmai Microsoft Word nishon doda shudaast. In programma pas az pakhshi tugmai chapi mush ba kor medaroyad va ravzanai on kushoda meshavad (Rasmi 37). Intikhobkunii programmai Microsoft Word ba vositai menyui asosi Bakordarorii programma bo yorii nishonai hujjat. CHunon ki peshtar qayd kardem, har yak hujjat bo yorii yagon programmai amali sokhta meshavad. Ba in guna programmaho tahrirgarhoi matni, tablitsahoi elektroni, sistemahoi idorakunii bazai malumotho va gayra dokhil meshavand. Baroi ba kor darovardani chunin programmaho, ba nishonai yagon hujjati ba vositai onho sokhtashuda, bo yorii mush du marotiba tasir merasonem. Dar natija, programma ba kor medaroyad va dar ravzanai on informatsiyai dokhili hujjat nishon doda meshavad.

Bakordarorii programma bo yorii yarliki on. Sistemai Windows imkoniyat medihad, ki baroi har yak programma va hujjathoi ba vositai onho tartibdodashuda yarlik sokhta sha-

Rasmi 37. Namudi matn dar ravzanai programmai Microsoft Word vad va onho dar Mizi kori yo dokhili yagon papka joygir karda shavand. Baroi ba kor darovardani programma kifoya ast, ki ba vositai mush ba yarliki on yo yarliki hujjati ba vositai on sokhtashuda, du marotiba tasir rasonem.

Bakordarorii programma bo yorii papkai Kompyuteri man. Papkai programmai Kompyuteri man imkoniyat medihad, ki az diskho programmahoi zaruri kofta yofta shuda, ba kor darovarda shavand. Baroi amali shudani in maqsad zarur ast, ki pesh az hama khudi programmai Kompyuteri man ba kor darovarda shavad. Dar dokhili papkai in programma nishonahoi diskhoi kompyuter va papkahoi sistemavi joygir shudaand. Az bayni onho nishonai diskero intikhob menamoem, ki dar on programmai zaruri joygir ast. Bo pakhshi dukaratai tugmai chapi mush ravzanai disk kushoda meshavad va dar on nishonahoi obekthoi dokhili on nishon dodameshavand. Az bayni nishonahoi papkavu zerpapkahoi disk nishonai obektero intikhob menamoem, ki dar on programmai darkori joygir shudaast.

Bakordarorii programma bo yorii papkai Rohbalad. Tainoti aslii programmai Rohbalad khud az koftukov va bakordarorii programmaho iborat ast. Dar barobari in amaliyot in programma imkoniyathoi farovoni digari kor bo obekthoi sistemaro sohib ast. Usuli kori programmai Rohbalad dar Windows bo usuli kori qabati programmavii Norton Commander dar MS DOS khele shabohat dorad. Tarzi bakordarorii programmavu hujjatho dar Rohbalad az tarzi bakordarorii onho dar programmai Kompyuteri man yagon farqe nadorad.

Savolho:

  1. Kadom usulhoi bakordarorii programmahoro dar Windows medoned?
  2. Ba fikri SHumo usuli az hama qulaytarini bakordarorii programmahoi Windows kadom ast?
  3. Dos-programma gufta kadom programmaro menomand?
  4. Oyo Dos-programmaho az Windows-programmaho yagon farqi kullie dorand?
  5. Farqi bakordarorii programmaho bo yorii nishonai hujjat az bakordarorii onho bo yorii yarliki hujjatho dar chist?

 Suporish:

  1. Matni mavzuro bodiqqat khoned, mazmuni mukhtasari onro dar daftar navised va onro naql kuned.
  2. Programmai Microsoft Word-ro bo yorii menyui asosii Windows, bo yorii papkai Kompyuteri man, bo yorii papkai Rohbalad, bo yorii yagon hujjati ba vositai MS Word sokhtashuda va bo yorii yarliki yagon hujjati Word ba kor darored.
  3. Hangomi bo usulhoi gunogun ba kor omoda gashtani programmai Microsoft Word ahamiyat dihed, ki kadom tarzi kor mahz baroi SHumo osontar va qulaytar ast.
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