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Susmor – echkemar

Susmorho yo in ki echkemarho  – kaltakaloshoi kalonjussa buda, to 4 m darozii badan dorand. Dumi darozi serharakat va poyhoi nagzinkishofyofta doshta, tez medavand. Susmorho dar Afrika, Osiyoi Janubi, Avstraliya bisyor vomekhurand. Bazei onhoro nazdi ob yo dar dokhili ob ham didan mumkin ast. Dar Turkmanistonu Uzbekiston va Tojikiston susmori khokistarrashro didan mumkin ast, ki onro mardumi mahalli echkemar (buzmak) menomand, to 1,5 metr darozi dorad.

Susmori az hama kalonro soli 1914 az Indoneziya yofta budand, ki 3 metru 65 sm darozi va 160 kg vazn dosht. Bazan susmorho baroi justujui khurok ba boloi buttayu darakhtho mebaroyand. Dar qafas to 2 moh khurok nakhurda zinda memonand. Susmor az 3-solagiash bolig shuda, ba afzonsh cap mekunad. Bahor susmori modina ba peg yo gil 10-12 tukhm gur mekunad, ki okhirhoi iyul az onho susmorchakhoi javon mebaroyand.

8. Sargirdaki gushdor. 9. Sipartumshuqi zahrdor; 10. Agamai kuhy; 11. Buzmak
8. Sargirdaki gushdor. 9. Sipartumshuqi zahrdor; 10. Agamai kuhy; 11. Buzmak

Gushti susmorkho khurdanibob buda, agap onro jushonem yo biryon kunem, mazai gushti murgi marjonro medihad. Susmor parrandahoi khurd, inchunin hasharotu sangpushtho va kaltakalosu qurboqqaro shikor karda, gushti hayvonhoi murdaro mekhurad. Vay az joyi istiqomatash baroi justujui khurok to ba masofai 15 km meravad.

Surati harakatash dar yak daqiqa 10-20 m ast. Dar vaqti tarsu tahdid shikamashro dam doda, dumashro mebardorad, fashshoskunon nafas barovarda, hatto ba odam hamla mekunad. Dahonash dandonhoi bezahr dorad. Pusti susmor baroi tayyor kardani poyafzol, sumka, portfel khub ast.

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