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Surai ap-nur

Dar avval tafsir guyad, ki manii oyathoi surai «an-Nur» dar borai on ast, ki in sura firistoda shudaast az olami quds, to ki itoat namoyand ba hukmhoi on. YAke az in guna hukmho jazoi mardu zani zinokunanda, agar muhsina yo muhsin naboshand, jazoyashon sad toziyona ast va dar mavridi jazo boyad chand nafar az muminon shohid boshand. In hukm dar har maktabi huquqi har khel ast. Agar beshohid bar gunoh kasero muttaham kunand, bar davokunandai durugguy zadani 80 toziyona hukm shudaast. Dar surati nabudani shohid on mard, ki zinoi zanashro didaast, boyad qasam khurad va har yak qasam hukmi yak shohidro dorad. Sipas dar sharhi oyatho qissai Oisha /zani paygambar/ va Safvon ibni Muattal ovarda shudaast.

surai-nur

Ba gufti tafsir Oisha az korvon aqib memonad va uro Safvon dar shuturi khud savor karda, to qarorgohi askar, ki Muhammad /s/ on jo bud, meovarad. Ibni Ubay Oisharo savori shuturi Safvon dida, ba u tuhmat mezanad. Oisha muddati beiltifotii paygambarro his karda, ba khonai padarash meravad, to

ruze Muhammad surogi Oisha rafta uro giryonu polon mebinad. CHand oyat dar in mavrid nozil meshavad, ki begunohii Oisharo isbot mekunad.

Dar oyathoi 30-34 dar borai pushonidani zanon uzvhoero, ki boyad az nazari mardi begona pinhon boshad, sina, gardan, sok, sukhan meravad. Zebu zinati in uzvho ba juz baroi shavharashon, padaronashon, pisaronashon va gayra man ast. Zinoi kanizakon dar oyat man tuda, doir ba mahru nafaqa sukhan meravad. Miqdori mahr dar mazhabkho gunogun ast. Az jumla tafsir misol meovarad, Ibni Ubai Sulul – peshvoi munofiqon shash kanizak dosht, ki onho ba zinoikroh /majbur mekardaast.

Du nafar az onho baroi fahmidani khayru sharri in amal nazdi Muhammad /s/ meoyand, az in kor suol mekunand. Harati paygambar amali munofiqonro mahkum mekunad.

Oyatho meguyand, ki Hudo nuri osmonho dar osmonhovu zamin ast, ostoni nuri vay dar qalbi musulmonon, ki monandi toqe ast, ki dar on charog ast. Tafsir sharh dihad, ki Nuri yake az asomii khudost. Nomi surai «an-Nur» niz az hamin oyat ast.

Tafsir sharhhoi ziyodi nurro ovardaast. Inchunin dar okhiri sura oyathoe ast, ki dar khususi odobi murojiat boshand, ki tafsir onhoro chun oyathoi ba odobi murojiat ba paygambar taalluq doshta sharh dodast.

 

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