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Sokhti mamurii Amorati Bukhoro

Hukmronii sulolai khonadoni mangitiya dar Bukhoro merosi buda, bo hej guna qonun mahdud karda nameshud. Amiron sohibikhtiyorona davlatro idora mekardand. Qonuni yagonae, ki hukmronii onhoro nisbatan mahdud megardond, shariati islom va baze rasmu oyini ananavii niyogon bud.

Badi amir qushbegi simoi duyumi amorati Bukhoro bud. Vay az tarafi amir tain shuda, tanho ba u itoat mekard. Tamomi korhoi mamuri va khojagi dar ikhtiyori qushbegii bolo bud.

Qushbegi vazifai sarvaziriro ado namuda, ba u digar mansabdoron itoat mekardand. Onhoe, ki dar hududi hokimhoi viloyat vazifai devonbegiro ado mekardand, ba qushbegii poyon tobe budand.

YAke az mansabhoi darbori inoqi kalon nom dosht. SHakhsi ba in rutba rasida dar huzuri amir farmonhoro qiroat mekard yo tartib medod.

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Mutasaddii amaliyoti josusi dar ikhtiyori kukaltosh bud.

Korhoi digar ba zimai mansabdoroni darajaashon poyon guzoshta meshud. Amaldoroni amiri ba du guruh taqsim meshudand. Tabaqai ayonu ashrofi gayriruhoni va ahli ulamo. Amaldoron va sipohiyon ba guruhi avval, faqeh, mullobachaho, mudarrison, huquqshinoson, shaykhulislom, qozi, mufti, rais va digaron ba guruhi duyum, yane ba ahli ulamo dokhil meshudand. Vale atoliq, shaykhulislom va baze mansabhoi digari dar asrhoi XVI-XVIII maqomi balandro ishgolkunanda dar zamoni hukmronii sulolai mangitiya ba mansabhoi iftikhori tabdil yoftand.

Amorati Bukhoro ba viloyatho va tumanho taqsim meshud. Har kadomi onhoro nazdikoni amir, pisaroni u va kheshovandonash idora mekardand. Sardoroni in mulkhoro dar Hisor va Kulob bek yo hokim, dar Qarotegin va Darvoz – sha (yo shoh), dar Uroteppa va Hujand hokim, dar Mastchohu Falgar mir va gayra menomidand. Bekigariho ba amlokdori taqsim meshudand, ki amlokdor onro idora mekard. Dar baze viloyathoi kuhi (Hisor, Qarotegin, Kulob va gayra) amlokdori ba miri hazora judo meshud, ki az yakchand deha iborat bud. Deharo arbob yo amin idora mekard.

Dar Qarotegin va Badakhshon ba gayr az shoh, miru arbobho dar idorai mamuri mavqei mukhimro ishgol menamudand.

Muhofizati shabonai shahrho, pagohi kushodan va begohi bastani darvozahoi Bukhoro dar ikhtiyori mirshab bud. Dar Huqand va Uroteppa onhoro qurboshi menomidand. Mirshab va qurboshi ba oromiyu osudagii shahr nazorat meburdand.

Ba vositai mansabdoroni nomburda khonu amir, beku hokimon mulki khudro idora mekardand, khiroju andoz jam meovardand. Amaldoroni amiri az tarafi davlat maosh megiriftand. Onho az hisobi mardum, aksar az hisobi dehqonon va kosibon zindagi karda, bori vaznini mardumi mehnatiro duchand megardonidand.

Vohidi mamuri dar boloobi Zarafshon – Mastchoh, Falgar va Fon, sada yo daha bud, ki ba amir va arbob tobe bud. Har yak deha qozi, mufti va rais dosht.

Kuchmanchiyoni qismati shimolii Tojikiston tartibi idorakunii khudro doshtand. Biy ham vazifai mamuri va ham vazifai sudiro dar uhda dosht.

Dar Huqand khonho az sulolai Ming, misli sulolai khonadoni mangitiyai Bukhoro, hukmroni mutlaq budand. Hokimiyati khonro hej guna qonun mahdud namekard. Dar injo badi khon mingboshi simoi yakum bud. Dar khonii Huqand bekho yo hokimoni viloyatho, sarzakotchi, qozikalon va amsoli onho naqshi bagoyat kalonro sohib budand. Dar khonigarii chun amorati Bukhoro mansabhoi khojakalon, miri asad, naqib, sarkor, devonbegi, amlokdor, kadkhudo, arbob (dar dehaho) amal mekardand.

Az ahli ulamo qozikaloni Bukhoro dar joi avval qaror megirift. U az tarafi amir tain megardid. Ba qozikalon hamai qoziyoni amorati Bukhoro itoat mekardand. SHakhsoni ba hukmi qozi norozibuda meboist ba qozikaloni Bukhoro shikoyat ravon kunand. Vale in nav mavridho nihoyat kam meshud. Hukmi qozikalonro tanho amiri Bukhoro huquqi bekor kardan dosht.

Qozikalon va qoziho dar mahkama, binohoi makhsus, ki qozikhona nom dosht, nishasta ehtiyojmandon va gunahkoronro qabul mekardand. Qoziho mirzoyon, peshkhizmaton va digar mardumi khizmatiro dar huzuri khud doshtand.

Vaqfnoma, vakolatnoma, taqsimi meros va digar asnodi rasmi dar huzuri qozi tartib yofta, bo muhri u tasdiq meshudand.

Qoziyoni viloyathoi Qarotegin va Darvoz az tarafi hokimoni on jo tain meshudand. Haqqultaraka (moli besohibmondai merosi) va nikohona az rui odati mardumi in joyho, ba hokim merasid. Dar joyhoi digar in namudi daromadho ba manfiati qozi va kozikhona meguzasht.

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