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Siyosati tajovuzkoronai khorijii IMA

Sarmoyadoroni Angliya, Faronsa va Germaniya dar okhirhoi asri XIX ba khorija qarib 35 mlrd dollar sarmoya barovardand, vale IMA boshad. Dar hamin davra ba khorija hamaash 500 mln dollar barovardand. Sababash on bud, ki hanuz dar khudi IMA baroi furukhtani mol imkoniyathoi kalon mavjud budand. Az hamin lihoz sarmoyaro dar dokhili khudi mamlakat ham guzoshtan mumkin bud. Hojati ba khoriji kishvar barovardani on nabud. Vale ohista-ohista baroi sarmoyadoroni IMA bozori dokhili tangi kardan girift. Dar avval IMA ba zabti mustamlikaho mayl nadosht. Aknun boshad, az raqiboni asosii khud aqib mondani nabud. Vay ham baroi zabtkunii mustamlikaho cap kard. IMA asosan havzai Uqyonusi Atlantika va dar on jo khususan Kubaro ba dast darovardani bud. Az on jumla mahz baroi in jazira soli 1898 bar ziddi Ispaniya jang ham kard.

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Az rui aqidai prezidenti IMA Monro boyad khususiyathoi geografii qitai Amerika va pesh az hama, Amerikai Lotiniro ba hisob girifta, tasiri khudro dar mamlakathoi on purzur kunad. In aqida ba siyosatmadoroni Amerika maqul shud. Soli 1889 bo tashabbusi kotibi davlatii IMA D. Bleyn dar shahri Vashington konferensiyai avvalini davlathoi qitai Amerika barguzor gardid. Konferensiyai Vashington ittifoqi baynalkhalqii davlathoi Amerikaro tasis dod. In ittifoqro IMA dar oyanda baroi siyosati khorijii istilogaronai khud istifoda burd. Az hamin vaqt cap karda Amerikai Lotini ba mintaqai manfiathoi doimii IMA tabdil yoft. On huquqi manavii dakholat kardan ba korhoi dokhilii hamai mamlakathoi qitai Amerikaro az khud kard.

Mintaqai digari istilogarihoi imperializmi IMA SHarqi Dur bud. Dar in jo ba vay lozim omad, ki bo Angliya va Germaniya raqobat kunad. Soli 1899 har se davlat protektorati khudro bar jazirahoi Samoa jori namudand. Soli 1893 IMA jazirahoi Gavayro purra ba zeri dasti khud darovard. Ba imperializmi Amerika muyassar gardid, ki mavqei khudro dar Koreya va CHin ham mustahkam kunad.

Soli 1901 IMA bo Angliya sozishnomae bast, ki muvofiqi on huquqi sokhtmonu istifodai Kanali Panamaro ba dast darovard. Harchand hukumati Kolumbiya in sozishnomaro rad kard, az dastash kore naomad. IMA ziddi in davlat isyon tashkil namuda, ba yorii isyongaron sipoh firistond. Kolumbiya majbur shud, ki ba taqdir tan dihad. Az hamin vaqt cap karda imperializmi IMA bar ziddi raqiboni kamquvvati khud siyosati “darrai kalon”-ro ba kor meburdagi shud. Bo hamin roh ba gardani yak qator mamlakatho shartnomahoi asoratovarro bor mekard. Masalan, soli 1907 nisbat ba Santo – Dominga hamin khel raftor karda bud.

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