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Siyosati puliyu qarzi dar Tojikiston

Siyosati puliyu qarzi. Bonki millii Tojikiston bo maqsadi musoidat ba rushdi ustuvori iqtisodi faoliyati khudro baroi tatbiqi siyosati samaranoki puliyu qarzi va asori, suboti moliyavii nizomi bonki, himoyai huquq va manfiathoi qonunii amonatguzoron ravona karda istodaast.

Mutobiqi malumoti peshaki hajmi pulhoi zakhiravi ba holati 30  sentyabri soli jori 15,6 mlrd. somoni va hajmi puli naqd dar muomilot 12,7 mlrd. somoniro tashkil dod, ki nisbat ba avvali soli jori hajmi pulhoi zakhiravi 7,1 foiz va hajmi puli naqd dar muomilot 9,4 foiz ziyod meboshand.

murodali-alimardonBo maqsadi gayridollarikunoni va diversifikatsiyai muomiloti puli majmui chorahoi tasirrason andeshida shuda, afzoishi sathi monetizatsiya, yane taminnokii iqtisodiyot bo pul qone shuda istodaast. Sathi monetizatsiya ba holati 31 avgusti soli jori 28,4 foizro tashkil doda, nisbat ba hamin davrai soli guzashta 0,6 bandi foizi ziyod gardid.

Hajmi umumii qarzhoi dodashuda ba holati 31 avgusti soli jori 4,5 mlrd. somoniro tashkil namud, ki nisbat ba hamin davrai soli guzashta 3,3 foiz ziyod meboshad. Hajmi qarzhoi khurd ba 3,1 mlrd. somoni barobar shud, ki dar muqoisa bo hamin davrai soli qabli 22,7 foiz afzudaast.

Ba holati 31 avgusti soli 2018 baqiyai umumii pasandozho 9,5 mlrd. somoniro tashkil dod, ki nisbat ba hamin davrai soli guzashta 10,9 foiz ziyod meboshad. Hajmi baqiyai pasandozho bo puli milli 36,6 foiz afzoish va bo asori khoriji 4,3 foiz kohish yoft. Dar tarkibi baqiyai umumii pasandozho hissai pasandozho bo puli milli 45,7 foiz va bo asori khoriji 54,3 foizro tashkil medihad (dar hamin davrai soli 2017 mutanosiban 37,1 foiz va 62,9 foiz bud), ki az tadrijan past shudani sathi dollarikunonii iqtisodiyot shahodat medihad.

Voqean dar nizomi bonki behbudi kame ham boshad dar baze az nishondihandahoi moliyavi ba chashm merasand. Vale dar doirai nizomi bonkii jumhuri meboyad yak zumra kambudivu mushkilothoro bartaraf namud, ki dar zaminai khud halli majmuiro taqozo menamoyand.

Tavre ki Asosguzori sulhu vahdati milli-Peshvoi millat, Prezidenti Jumhurii Tojikiston muhtaram Emomali Rahmon dar jalasai hajdahumi SHuroi mashvaratii nazdi Prezidenti Jumhurii Tojikiston oid ba behtar namudani fazoi sarmoyaguzori sanai 26 yanvari soli 2018 qayd namudand, dar zarfi du – se soli okhir az meyor ziyod shudani qarzhoi gayrifaol, mushkiloti pardokhtpazirii bonkhoi tijorati, tatbiqi nopurrai prinsiphoi idorakunii korporativi dar nizomi bonki, rushd nakardani bozori qarzii baynibonki az jumlai masalahoi asosii nizomi bonki ba hisob meravand va bo in maqsad suporishhoi zaruri doda shudand.

Dar in rosto ba maqsad muvofiq meboshad, ki Bonki millii Tojikiston yakjo bo maqomoti dakhldori davlati tibqi dasturi Peshvoi millat, Prezidenti Jumhurii Tojikiston muhtaram Emomali Rahmon jihati hamatarafa tahlil namudani tajribai davlathoi rushdyofta dar sohai bonkdori va guzaronidani islohoti jiddi dar nizomi bonki tadbirhoi zaruri andeshida, vobasta ba on taklifho peshnihod namoyad.

Jihati musoidat namudan ba solimgardonii vazi moliyavii bonkhoi nizomsozi kishvar shurohoi nozironi JSK «Tojiksodirotbonk» va JSK «Agroinvestbonk» muntazam dar jalasahoi khud ravandi ijroi strategiyavu naqshai chorabinihoro oid ba solimgardonii vazi moliyavii bonkhoi nomburda baroi solhoi 2017-2019 barrasi namuda, baroi daryofti sarmoyai dokhiliyu khoriji va bartaraf namudani kambudihoi gunogun ba rohbariyati in bonkho dasturu tavsiyahoi dakhldor medihand.

Tahlilho nishon medihand, ki bo vujudi chorahoi andeshidai rohbariyati in bonkho vazi moliyavii onho, bakhusus sathi balandi qarzhoi gayrifaol, meyorhoi pardokhtpazirii gayriqanoatbakhsh, jalb nagardidani sarmoyai khorijiyu dokhili tashvishovar boqi memonad.

Vobasta ba in Bonki millii Tojikiston yakjo bo Vazorati moliya jihati ijroi suporishi Peshvoi millat, Prezidenti Jumhurii Tojikiston muhtaram Emomali Rahmon amaligardonii naqshai tajdidu solimgardonii bonkhoi nizomsozro tamin namoyand.

Boyad qayd kard, ki dastrasi ba qarzhoi darozmuddati imtiyoznok va foizhoyashon past baroi sohibkoroni vatani to hol mahdud boqi memonad. YAke az omilhoe, ki ba chunin holat bois gardidaast in garonu kutohmuddat budani sarmoya va zakhirahoe, ki az tarafi tashkilothoi qarzi jalb karda meshavand va joy doshtani talaboti ziyod ba sarchashmahoi tashakkuldihandai pardokhtpaziri dar bozori dokhili meboshad.

Binobar in Bonki millii Tojikiston va tashkilothoi qarzii kishvar jihati jalbi sarmoyai arzonu darozmuddati khoriji ba nizomi bonki chorajui namuda,  korhoro dar samti ziyod namudani hajmi qarzho ba iqtisodiyoti va diversifikatsiyai nizomi bonkii Jumhurii Tojikiston tavassuti nizomi bonkdorii islomi vusat dihand.    

Nomutadilii vazi bozori dokhilii asor, inchunin norasoii asori khoriji az mushkiloti nigaronkunanda dar davrai hisoboti boqi mond.

Dar mohhoi yanvar-sentyabri soli jori qurbi rasmii somoni nisbat ba dollar 6,8 foiz kohish yofta (dar hamin davrai soli 2017- 11,8 foiz kohish yofta bud), ba 9,0607 somoni barobar gardid.

Kohishyobii qurbi puli milli ba khususiyathoi bunyodiyu sokhtorii iqtisodiyot aloqamand buda, zeri tasiri omilhoi beruniyu dokhili surat giriftaast.

Vobasta ba in andeshidani tadbirho oid ba purzur namudani nazorati bozori asori baynibonki, afzun namudani zakhirahoi baynalmilali, tamini faliyati mutadili bozori dokhilii asor va mahdud sokhtani lappishhoi az etidol beruni qurbi puli milli, nigohdorii tafovuti bayni qurbi rasmi va qurbi bozorii asori khoriji dar hududi to 2 foiz az jonibi Bonki millii Tojikiston yakjo bo maqomoti dakhldori jumhuri va bonkhoi tijorati lozim ast.  

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