Home / Jamiyat / Siyosati khorijii Ispaniya dar ogozi asri XX

Siyosati khorijii Ispaniya dar ogozi asri XX

Imperializmi Ispaniya dar ogozi asri XX talab mekard, ki hukumat dar siyosati khorijii khud mavqei faolonatarro ishgol namoyad. Mustamlikayu bozorho, manbahoi navi ashyoi khomu sohahoi muhimi sarmoyaguzoriro ba dast darorad. Mintaqai asosii istiloi imperializmi Ispaniya qismati SHimolii Marokash bud, on viloyate, ki az madann ohan, mis, surb, qurgoshim, grafit, angshitsang va zaminhon hosilkhez boy ast. Az jihati strategi shimoli Marokash kalide bud baroi mavqei khukmroni dar Bahri Miyonazamin. Az hamin sabab Marokash obekti muborizai chandin mamlakathoi imperialisti gardida bud.

cortes_de_cadiz-1

Hukumati Ispaniya az ziddiyathoi bayni Angliya, Faronsa va Germaniya istifoda burda, soli 1904 bo Faronsa qarordodi pinhoniero baroi taqsimi shimolii Marokash ba imzo rasonid va dar kori ba Ispaniya doda shudani Marokash i SHimoli va qabul karda shudani qarori Konferensiyai Alkhesirasi soli 1906 muvaffaq shud. Sarfi nazar az in taqsimoti Marokash chunin mano nadosht, ki guyo Ispaniya onro ba khud tobe karda boshad. Boz dar tuli du dahsolai oyanda Ispaniyai imperialisti ba muqobili khalqi ozodikhohi riffho muboriza burd. In muboriza baron Ispaniya khele garon aftid – hazorho qurboni va mablagi ziyodro talab namud.

Dar davrai buhroni duyumi Marokash (soli 1911) imperializmi Ispaniya kushish ba kharj dod, ki boz ham az ziddiyathoi bayni Angliya, Faronsa va Germaniya foida bardorad. Mohi iyuli soli 1911 bo dastgirii diplomatii Germaniya Ispaniya bar ziddi Marokash jang cap karda, Larish va el- Ksaroro dar shimolii on zabt namud. Vale ba artishi Ispaniya muyassar nashud, ki ba daruntari Marokash vorid shavad. 27 noyabri soli 1912 dar bayni Faronsa va Ispaniya sozishnomae ba imzo rasid, ki muvofiqi on Marokashi SHimoli se taqsim karda shud. Faronsa 572 km. murabba va Ispaniya 28 hazor km. murabba zaminhoi in mintaqai Marokashro ba zeri nazorati khud darovardand. 600 km. murabba zamini boqimondai Marokashi SHimoli boshad, mintaqai baynalkhalqii Tanjer elon karda shud.

Hamin tariq, chi tavre ki didem, dar ibtidoi asri XX Ispaniya dar siyosati khorijii khud asosan ba Marokash band bud va ba jangi dar peshistodai yakumi jahoni tayyori ham namedid, harchand blokhoi kharbi va davlathoi asosii jangkunandai onho allakay malum budand. In vaqt imperializmi Ispaniya na qudrati harbi, na qudrati iqtisodi, na qudrati siyosi va na mayli az nav taqsim kardani jahonm allakay taqsimkardashudaro dosht.

Загрузка...

Dar boramon

Инчунин кобед

sheri-padar

SHer dar borai kudaki

Tifliyu shashsolagi dar yodi man. CHashm pusham volidon dar khobi man. SHash soli umri man …