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Sarnagun shudani Muhammadalishoh

SHurishi Tabrez va harakati ziddi shoh dar qalamravi digari mamlakat ba Muhammadalishohi irtijopesha zarbai qati zad. Mohi iyuli soli 1909 dar natijai lashkarkashii fidoiyoni Gelon-az SHimol, dastahoi Bakhtiyoriya-az Janub va girifta shudani Tehron Muhammadalishoh sarnagun shud. Pisari khurdsoli Muhammadalishoh – Ahmadshoh podshoh elon gardida, az hayati feodalhoi ozodandesh va khonhoi Bakhtiyoriya bo rohbarii Sipahdor hukumati muvaqqati tashkil doda shud.

Honhoi Bakhtiyor ba jonibdorii az nav barqaror kardani konstitutsiya baromad karda, bo khamnn roh mekhostand, ki hokimiyati khudro dar Bakhtiyoriya mustahkamtar kunand. Anglisho boshand, mekhostand, ki dar Eron ba vositai khonhoi Bakhtiyoriya mavqei khudro mustahkam va mavqei Rusiyaro sust kunand.

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Neruhoi ozodandeshi burjuaziyu feodali galabai khalqro ba foidai khud istifoda burda, kushish ba kharj medodand, ki ba boloravii minbadai inqilob roh nadihand. Bo hamin sabab sokhti mutlaqi va sulolai Kojorho dakhlnopazir mondand. Imtiyozho va korkhonahoi khoriji zarar nadidand. Tanho yakchand nafar irtijopeshai duyumdaraja qatl karda shudandu khalos. Ba Muhammadalishoh ba mablagi 100 hazor tuman nafaqai harmohai yakumra tayin karda shud.

Mohi noyabri soli 1909 Majlisi Duyum davat karda shud. Intikhobot ba on dar asosi qonuni navi intikhoboti guzasht. In qonun sistemai tabaqavii intikhobotro bekor karda, intikhoboti duzinagiro muqarrar namud. Baroi ishtirok dar intikhobot haddi aqalli molu mulk muqarrar gardid. Zanon az huquqi intikhoboti mahrum budand.

Hukumati Sipahdor Eronro az buhroni shadidi iqtisodi va siyosi barovarda natavonist. Bo hamin sabab on mohi iyuli soli 1910 bo hukumati Mustavfi Almamolik ivaz karda shud.

Hukumati Mustavfi Almamolik ru ba Germaniya va IMA va hukumati Sipahdor boshad, ru ba Angliya va Rusiya bud. Mustavfi Almamolik az IMA mushovironi moliyaviro bo sardorii M. SHuster davat kard. In sarvazir ham az uhdai vazifahoi dar nazdash guzoshtashuda baromada natavonist. Baroi hamin dar ogozi soli 1911 ba istefo raft. Nakhustvaziri Eron az nav Sipahdor tayin gardid. U boz hamon siyosati peshtarai khudro davom dod. Bahori soli 1911 Eron az Angliya ba mablagi 1 mln. 250 hazor f.-st. vombargi nav girift, mohi mayi soli 1911 ba Eron bo sardorii M. SHuster az nav mushovironi moliyavii IMA omadand. Onho dar masalai molili mamlakat az hukumati Eron vakolathoi vase giriftand. M. SHuster baroi ba Eron voridshavii sarmoyai IMA zamina tayyor namud.

Mohi iyuli soli 1911 shohi sobiq Muhammadalishoh bo hamrohii peshvoyoni qabilahoi turkman va dastahoi zarkharidi iborat az yakchand hazor nafar ba tarafi Tehron harakat kard. Tiramohi hamon sol u az tarafi quvvahoi muttahidai harbii hukumati va fidoiyon torumor karda shud.

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