Home / Gunogun / SHahri Dushanbe

SHahri Dushanbe

Solhoi donishjuii man, yane solhoi hashtodum Dushanbe beshtar yak shahri rusi bud. Qismi azami sokinoni Dushanbe mardumi rus va ruszabonho budand. Hatto khudi to- jikoni muqimi Dushanbe rusi harf mezadand, az uqdai haqorat ba zaboni modari harf zadanro or medonistand. Dar shahr kor- khonahoi sanoatii ziyod faoliyat mekardand, ki aksari muhan- disoni onho az shumori gayritojikho budand. Agar korkhonai nave sokhta meshud, muhandisoni onro az Rusiya yo jumhurihoi digar mefiristodand, guyo mardumi tojik nokora va qobil ba omuzish nabudand. Nomi kuchavu khiyobonho, navishtahoi bo- loi dari korkhonavu muassisaho hama rusi budand.

Hiyoboni markazi, bogi markazii shahr, Donishgohi davlati va bisyor muassisahoi digar ba nomi Lenin budand. Ba gayr az yak-du kuchai ba nomi tojikon – qahramononi shahidi Jangi buzurgi Vatani va se-chahor kucha ba nomi shoiron, digar hamai kuchavu khiyobonho nomhoi gayritojiki doshtand. Nomi in kuchaho ba gushu zaboni tojikon namechaspid magar, ki baroi surogaho, nomi kuchavu khiyobonhoro namegiriftand.

Beshtar mahallahoro nombar mekardand, masalan, khonai mo dar nazdikii bozori Sakhovat, yo du kucha bolo az choykhonai Rohat va gayra. In tarzi surogadihi yoftani manzilro dushvor kunad ham, mardum az hamin rivol istifoda mekardand. Latifae ham bud, ki meguft: «Honaaton kujost? Nazdi khonai Ahmad. Honai Ahmad kujost? Nazdi khonai mo». Bad az tagyiri nomho holo mebinam, ki odamon nomi kuchavu khiyobonhoro beshtar istifoda mekunand va bo iftikhor khonai mo dar khiyoboni Ayni, yo kuchai Loiq SHerali gufta, nishoni medihand.

On zamon Dushanbe yak shahri muzofoti dar Ittihodi shu- ravi bud. Qismati khurdi markazi va shimolu garbii on bo binohoi panj va ahyonan nuhoshyona ba shahr monand boshand ham, qismati azimi shahr az jihati memori beshtar yak dehai buzurgro memond.

Badan dar zamoni istiqlol kasb kardani kishvar ruszabon- ho shahrro tark kardand va ba joi onho dehotiyon shahrro pur kardand, ki az jihati odobu akhloq niz Dushanbe yak dehai komil gasht. Man mushohidahoi khudro dar borai odobi shahrnishini dar yak yoddoshti mukhtasar navishta budam, ki dar poyon meoram.

Davlati SHuravi batadrij mahalhoi navi maskuni mesokht va onhoro bo raqam nomguzori mekard. Misli in ki az avval naqshai sokhtmoni shahr dar kharita ba qitaho judo shuda raqam- guzori shuda budaast, ki masulon sari khudro bo nomyobi garang nakarda, hamon raqamhoro hamchun nomi mahalho istifoda me- kardand. Masalan, dar qismati shimolu garbii shahr mahalahoi 82, 91, 102, 103 va gayraro hamagi chand sol pesh az omadani man ba Dushanbe sokhta budaand. Hamdarsoni donishgohii mo, ki mu- qimi Dushanbe budand, naql mekardand, ki chand sol qabl in mintaqaho hama pakhtazor budaand.

Soli avvali donishjuii man, binoi navi Donishgohi dav- lati dar labi rudi Dushanbe ba istifoda doda shud. Mo imti- honhoi qabulro dar binoi kuhnai donishgoh voqe dar markazi shahr suporida, avvalin donishjuyone budem, ki az soli avval khondanro dar in binoi nav ogoz kardem. Darsho ba farq az maktabi miyona, ba tavri juft meguzashtand. YAk fanro mo dar du nishasti 45 daqiqai, ki dar bayn tanaffusi 15 daqiqai dosht, mekhondem va har ruz se-chor juft dars doshtem.

Binoi navi donishgoh khushtarhu barhavo sokhta shuda bud. Meguftand, ki muvofiqi naqsha bad az sokhta shudani hamai binohoi donishgoh peshi rudkhonai Varzob va Luchob, ki az du tarafi binoi Donishgoh jori budand, basta meshavad va Do- nishgoh dar ihotai kuli suni memonad. Az sababi dar bayni du rud joygir budani bino, nomi makoni donishgoh dar zabo- ni donishjuyon «jazira» bud. Man panj soli donishgohro dar hamin jazira khondaam.

Hobgohi mo dar kanori janubii shahr dar mahalli Gipro- zem, khele dur az donishgoh voqe bud. Namedonam, bo kadom mantiq donishgoh va khobgohro dar du qismati mukhtalifi shahr, khele dur az ham sokhta boshand. Guyo in khobgohro makhsus, harchi durtar az donishgoh sokhta budand, to ki donishjuyon fikr na- kunand, ki khondan kori oson ast.

Hobgohi mo yak binoi choroshyonai farsudae bud, ki har oshyonaash yak dastshui va yak oshkhonai umumi va taqriban 20 hujra dosht, ki donishjuyon chorkasi dar in hujraho mezistand. Tamiri daru devori utoqho ba gardani khudi donishjuyon bud, qismathoi istifodai umumi – rohravu zina va dastshuykhonavu oshpazkhona solho rui tamirro nadida dar holi khele bad qaror doshtand. Vale donishjuyoni misli man az dehot omada, chora na- doshtand va zindagi dar in khobgoh baroyashon yagona guzina bud.

CHoykhonai «Rohat» joi dustdoshtai mo donishjuyon bud. CHoy- khona soli 1958 dar kanori khiyoboni markazii shahr bino shuda, namodi farhangi tojikist. Dar tuli solho choykhonai «Rohat» yake az binohoi ramzii shahri Dushanbe shud va nomi in choy- khona hatto baroi kasone, ki az muzofoti kishvar bore ham ba poytakht naomadaand, oshnost.

Fazoi choykhona dar zamoni donishjuii man yak fazoi voqean rohat bud. Binoi asosii on dar kanori khiyoboni markazi voqe buda, ba tavri notakror zebo sokhta shudaast. On du oshyonai boz va havlii farokh dar pusht dosht, ki bo favvoravu naqqoshihoi millii tojiki ba har sayyohe poytakhti tojikonro muarrifi mekard. Dar pushti bino ba sabki choykhonahoi sunnati havlie
sokhta budand, ki sarsabz bud va takhtkathoi bo kurpachavu takya- bolishhoi tojiki mujahhaz dosht. Dar in takhtkatho doim muy- safedon va nafaqakhuron guruh-guruh shohmotbozi mekardand. Dar darakhthoi in havli qafashoi parandahoi khushovoz ovekhta budand, ki bo sadoi dilnishin ba fazo ruhi khos mebakhshidand.

On zamon choykhonai «Rohat» makhsusan baroi kasone, ki dar muzofot zindagi mekardand va nazdikonashon dar donishgohhoi Dushanbe mekhondand, joi vokhuri bud. Har kase, ki farzand yo naz- dikashro khabargiri meomad, ba choykhona omada, soate menishast va hatman shinosero yofta, az u surogai nazdikashro megirift.

Загрузка...

Dar boramon

Инчунин кобед

Vazi dokhilii Koreya (asri XIX)

Ba davlathoi sarmoyadori khoriji bastani shartnomahoi nobarobar norozigii vatandustoni Koreyaro ba vujud ovard. In norozigi …