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SOHTORI RAVZANAHOI PAPKAHO (Parvanda)

Dar rasmi 8 ravzanai papkai sistemavii Windows ovarda shudaast. Ravzanahoi papkahoi digar niz ba in ravzana shabohat dorand, agar kompyuteri shumo dar asosi sistemai operatsionii Windows 98 kor kunad.

Ravzanai papka elementhoi hatmii zerinro dar bar megirad: satri sarlavha, nishonai sistemavi, tugmahoi idorakunii andozai ravzana, satri menyu, paneli asbobho, satri surogavi, maydoni kori, tasmahoi tobdihii ravzana va satri vazi ravzana.

soxtori-papkaho

Ravzanai papkai Windows

Satri sarlavha. Dar in satr nomi papka ovarda meshavad. Az usuli lagjonishi mush istifoda burda, ravzanai papkaro ba vositai satri sarlavha ba mavqehoi gunoguni Mizi kori kuchonidan mumkin ast.

Nishonai sistemavi. In nishona dar qismi chapi satri sarlavha joygir ast. Agar nishondihandai mushro ba boloi on guzorem va tugmai chapi mushro du marotiba pakhsh kunem, on goh ravzana pushida meshavad. Hangomi pakhshi yakkaratai Nishonai sistemavi Tugmahoi idorakuni Catri menyu

Satri sarlavha

Paneli asbobho

Satri surogavi

Satri vazi ravzana Maydoni kori Tasmai tobdihi tugmai chap yo rosti mush boshad, menyui khidmatie kushoda meshavad, ki ba vositai komandahoi on andoza va tarzi joygirshavii ravzanaro dar Mizi kori idora kardan mumkin ast. Az in menyu beshtar hangomi kor nakardani mush istifoda mebarand.

Tugmahoi idorakunii andozai ravzana. In tugmaho dar tarafi rosti satri sarlavha joygir shuda, muvofiqan tugmahoi mahkamkuni, pahnkuni va gunkuni nom dorand.

Tugmahoi idorakunii andozai ravzana komandahoi menyui khidmatiro takror mekunand. Agar mush kor kunad, on goh istifodabarii in tugmaho nisbat ba komandahoi menyui khidmati samaranoktar meboshand.

Satri menyu. Satri duyumi ravzanai papka Menyui ravzana nomida meshavad. Dar menyu nomgui komandahoe nishon doda shudaand, ki bo yorii onho bo obekthoi ravzana in yo on amaliyotro ijro kardan mumkin ast. Baroi intikhob kardani bandhoi menyu az nishondihandai mush istifoda mebarand.

Masalan, agar mo bandi Fayli menyuro intikhob kardani shavem, on goh nishondihandai mushro ba kalimai Fayl guzoshta tugmai chapi mushro pakhsh mekunem. Dar ekran ruykhati digare paydo meshavad, ki onro zermenyui in bandi menyu menomand. Dar zermenyu nomgui amaliyote nishon doda meshavand, ki onho ba bandi intikhobkardashudai menyu taalluq dorand. Har yak bandi zermenyu dar navbati khud metavonad ba zerbandho taqsim shavad, agar pas az nomi on alomati  – sekunja nishon doda shuda boshad.

Paneli asbobho. Dar in panel tugmahoi komandavie joygir shudaand, ki onho baroi ijroi amaliyoti zud-zud vokhuranda khizmat merasonand. Istifodabarandai kompyuter imkoniyat dorad, ki miqdori tugmahoi in panelro muvofiqi maqsadhoi khud tagyir dihad.

Satri surogavi. Dar in satr roh ba papkai jori nishon doda meshavad. Az tugmai dar okhiri in satr ovardashuda  istifoda burda, ba tavri favri ba digar bandhoi sokhtori fayli guzashtan mumkin ast.

Maydoni kori. Dar maydoni korii ravzanai papka nishonaho va yarlikhoi obekthoi papka nigoh doshta meshavand. Tarzi inikosi nishonaho va yarlikhoro dar maydoni kori bo yorii elementhoi makhsus idora namudan mumkin ast.

Dar maydoni korii ravzanai programma ravzanahoi hujjatho va panelhoi kori inikos karda meshavand.

Tasmahoi tobdihi. Agar andozai ravzana khele khurd yo miqdori nishonahoi obekthoi papka khele ziyod boshand, on goh az tarafi rost va qismi poyonii maydoni kori tasmahoi tobdihi paydo meshavand. Bo yorii imkoniyathoi in tasmaho tamomi mazmunu mundarijai ravzanai papkaro az nazar guzaronidan mumkin ast.

Satri vazi ravzana. Dar in satr malumothoi ilovagi doir ba vazi kununii sistema yo obekt khorij karda meshavad. Masalan, agar papka faylhoi sistemavi yo makhfiro dar bar girifta boshad, on goh hangomi aznazarguzaronii ravzanai papka nishonahoi onho dar maydoni kori inikos nameyoband, vale dar borai mavjudiyati onho dar satri vaziravzana informatsiyai zaruri inikos karda meshavad.

Savolho:

  1. Elementhoi hatmii ravzanai papka kadomhoyand?
  2. Funksiyahoi satri sarlavhai ravzana az chi iborat ast?
  3. Nishonai sistemavii satri sarlavha kadom vazifahoro ijro menamoyad?
  4. Kadom tugmahoi idorakunii andozai ravzanaro medoned?
  5. Satri menyui ravzana baroi ijroi kadom amaliyot peshbini karda shudaast?
  6. Tugmahoi paneli asbobhoi ravzanai papka chi guna funksiyahoro ijro mekunand?

Suporish:

  1. Matni mavzuro bodiqqat khoned va onro naql kuned.
  2. Ba tavri mukhtasar vazifahoi elementhoi hatmii ravzanai papkahoro dar daftaraton navised.
  3. Ravzanai papkaero, ki darsi guzashta sokhta buded, bo diqqat az nazar guzaroned, elementhoi hatmii onro nishon dihed va bo yorii muallim amaliyoti odditarini idorakunii ravzanaro ijro namoed.
  4. Az tugmahoi idorakunii andozai ravzana istifoda burda, andozai ravzanaro dar ekran tagyir dihed.
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