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SHOHITARA dar Kanzi SHifo (Kitob)

shohitara-660x330SHohitara — in ismi tojikist va manoyash sultoni gayohhost. In rastani du nav ast: yakero bargash monandi barghoi kashniz reza va andak khokistarirang. Gulash bunafsh va reza; digarero barg az on vasetar, sabzrang va gulash safed ast. Tami har du navash ham talkh bo kame tezi. Mizojash murakkabquvvat, dar garmivu sardi mutadil va dar darajai duvum khushk ast. Ba qavli bazeho dar darajai duvum garm ast. Vale SHaykhurrais dar darajai yakum sard guftaast.

Hislathoi shifobakhshi on: agar inro biyoshomand, girehi jigar va sipurzro mekushoyad; medaro qavi va az oloish pok megardonad, har se akhlotro (balgam, savdo va safroro) ba ishol daf mekunad, khususan savdo va moddai safro, inchunin savdoi sukhtaro beshtar khorij menamoyad, khunro sof mekunad, peshobro meronad, ishtihoro barmeangezad. Hushki on baroi quvvat bakhshidan ba meda qavitar meboshad; baroi tabhoi kuhna, bemorihoi savdovi va az balgami shur boshand, davo meshavad; buni dandonro mustahkam mesozad. Agar inro bo sirko biyoshomand, qayi safrovi va behuzur (bejo) shudani dilro, ki az ziyod gashtani balgam dar sari meda boshad, daf mekunad; meda va rudahoro az moddahoi nodarkor va zararnoki bandshuda pok mesozad. Inchunin bo shahdob biyoshomand, tasiri dar bolo guftashudaro dorad.

Obi barghoi taru tozai onro bo shakar biyoshomand, meda va rudahoro az moddahoi begona pok megardonad, girehi jigar va sipurzro mekushoyad, medaro quvvat mebakhshad; zardparvin, qutur, khorish, shukufai pust, inchunin sabusaki sar, ki az khuni murdori safrovii sukhta hodis shuda boshad yo az balgami bisyor va tezii akhloti sukhtai safrovi va savdovi ba amal omada boshad, onhoro az sar va johoi digari badan ba vositai peshob, sargin va araq daf mekunad.

shohitara-2-300x300Araqi shohitara, yane obi muqattari onro, ki ba vositai anbiq girifta boshand, biyoshomand, isholro mebandad va girehhoro dar uzvhoi badan mekushoyad. Obi giyohi taru tozai shohitararo dar oftob gafs gardonand, inro usorai shohitara meguyand. Usorai inro ba chashm kashand, chashmro qavi va obravii bisyori onro man mekunad. In usoraro bo shilmi har yak navi bodom daromekhta, muyi mijaro, ki chappa ruida, ba daruni chashm mekhalida boshad, kanda, bad bikashand, on muy digar nameruyad. Agar in usoraro dar ob hal karda, on tarkibro dar dahan gardonand, jarohati kom va zabon, inchunin tafsi onro daf mekunad, milki dandonro az moddahoi begona pok va onro mustahkam mesozad.

Giyohi khushki onro kufta guzoshta bandand, quturi pust va khorishi onro daf mekunad. Kuftai giyohi khushki onro bo obi tarash sirishta bimoland va yo onro yak shabonaruz dar ob tar karda, bo on ob sar va rishro bishuyand, rishki sar va sabusaki onro daf mesozad. Inchunin onro dar ob jushonida, bo on ob bardavom bishuyand, niz hamin tasirro dorad. Tabib Ibni Mosaviya guftaast, ki giyohi tari onro kufta guzoshta bandand, gazidani zanburro davo meboshad.

Mizoji tukhmash dar garmivu sardi mutadil ast. Hakim Muhammad ibni Ahmad va Jolinus tukhmi inro az qismhoi digari giyohash qavitar donistaand. Ba qavle istemoli shohitara az darun baroi shush zarar dorad va davoi in ziyonash kosni khurdan ast.

Miqdori yak bor khurdan az shohitarai tar dar yak ruz az 10,5 to 17,5 gramm ast; az obi giyohi tarash az 125 to 250 gramm ast, ki boyad bo obe, ki halilai zard dar on tar karda shuda boshad va bo shakar shirin sokhta biyoshomand. Va agar giyohi khushki onro dar ob jushonida, on obro nushidani boshand, az 17,5 to 35 grammashro dar ob andozand va az tukhmash to 17,5 gramm oshomidan ravo meboshad. Agar shohitara yoft nashavad, ba joyi in barobari nisfi vazni on sano, barobari seyaki on halilai zard istemol farmoyand, ravost. Boyad shohitararo bo halilai zard, ki islohkunandai zarari on ast, biyoshomand. Zero shohitara ba tanhoi istemolash ba sipurz zarar dorad va halila inro isloh mekunad. Obi bargi taru tozai onro boyad sof nokarda istemol kunand.

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