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SISTEMAI OPERATSIONII MS DOS

Malumothoi umumi. MS DOS abreviaturai kalimahoi anglisii Micqosoft Disk Opeqating System buda, ba zaboni tojiki – sistemai operatsionii diskii Maykrosoft tarjuma karda meshavad. Avvalin versiyai in sistema soli 1981 az tarafi firmai amrikoii Maykrosoft sokhta shudaast, ki on baroi idora kardani kompyuterhoi IBM PC peshbini karda shuda bud.

Dar aksariyat kompyuterhoe, ki solhoi okhir istehsol karda shudaand, versiyai 6.22-yumi sistemai MS DOS istifoda burda meshavad. In versiya soli 1994 sokhta shuda, dar on yakumin marotiba istifodabarii harfhoi alifboi rusi peshbini karda shudaast. Dar tarkibi sistemai Windows 95 hamchun zersistema versiyai 7.0-umi sistemai MS DOS istifoda burda meshavad, ki on soli 1995 sokhta shudaast.

ms-dos

Tavre ki mo medonem, SO bo ogozi kori kompyuter kori khudro sar mekunad va baroi jobajoguzorii informatsiya dar disk, tashkili dialogi bayni odamu MEH, ba kor darovardani digar programmaho va idorakunii kori onho peshbini karda shudaast. MS DOS baroi IBM PC SO az hama kuhnatarin ba hisob meravad va aslan in sistema bo in kompyuter dar yak vaqt sokhta shudaast. Dar qatori MS DOS, dar bozori taminoti programmavi, hamchunin sistemahoi operatsionii firmahoi digar niz peshkashi kompyuterhoi IBM PC gardidaand. Masalan, PC DOS – modeli firmai IBM, DR DOS – firmai Digital Research (holo Nowell DOS – firmai Novell) va gayraho az qabili chunin SO ba hisob meravand, ki az MS DOS kam farq dorand.

Hangomi dar idorakunii kori kompyuter istifodabarii SO MS DOS, boyad komandahoi matnii ba zaboni anglisi navishtashuda az klaviatura dokhil karda shavand. Istifodabarandai kompyuter in komandahoro boyad yo az yod donad va yo onhoro az malumotnomaho istifoda burda tavonad. Albatta chunin tarzi kor dushvor va khele noqulay ast. Binobar baroi osonii kor bo MS DOS odatan az qabati programavii Norton Commander(Norton Koman-der) istifoda mebarand. Bisyoriho bar on aqidaand, ki ba joi MS DOS yakbora omuzishro az Norton Commandersar kunand. Ammo na boyad faromush kard, ki Norton Commander tanho yake az programmahoi khidmati baroi MS

DOS ast va hamai funksiyahoi on dar asosi funksiyahoi in SO sokhta shudaand. Tasavvur kuned, ki dar kompyuteri shumo qabati programmavii Norton Commanderumuman nest yo bo yagon sababe, masalan, bo tasiri virusho, az kor baromada ast. Agar shumo dar in mavrid komandahoi MS DOS-ro nadoned, pas khulosa barored, ki in okhirin kori  ustaqilonai shumo dar kompyuter ast. Be donistani komandahoi DOS shumo na Noqton Commander-ro ba kompyuteraton guzoshta metavonedu na onro ba kor omoda sokhtan. Baroi bovirushoi kompyuteri muboriza burdan, bozihoi kompyuteriro tanzim namudan, programmahoi hajman kalonro khurd namuda az yak kompyuter ba digar kompyuter kuchonidan va gayra, donistani komandahoi MS DOS hatmist.

Albatta, shumo gufta metavoned, ki kompyuterhoi hozirazamon dar asosi CO Windows kor mekunand-ku? Pas omuzishi MS DOS chi zarurat dorad? Vale hamin ki dar kori kompyuteraton problemae paydo shud, on goh ba khubi dark menamoed, ki donistani MS DOS chi qadar ba shumo kumak rasonidaast.

Hamin tariq, omuzishi komandahoi az hama asosii MS DOS ba shumo imkoniyat medihad, ki hangomi istifodabarii IBM PC az vaziyathoi dushvortarin baroed va hatto ba chunin vaziyatho roh ham nadihed. MS DOS ba shumo tarzi tanzimkunii kompyuterro omukhta, sathi donishi kompyuteriatonro ba sathi istifodabarandai kasbi nazdik megardonad.

Savolho:

  1. Mafhumi MS DOS-ro chi khel mefahmed?
  2. Dar kompyuterhoi IBM PC ba gayr az sistemai operatsionii MS DOS boz kadom sistemahoro istifoda mebarand?
  3. Komandahoi MS DOS-ro dar halli kadom masalaho istifoda mebarand?

Suporish:

  1. Matni mavzuro bodiqqat khoned va onro naql kuned.
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