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SISTEMAI MALUMOTDIHANDAI WINDOWS

Sistemai operatsionii Windows bo sistemai malumotdihandai mukammal va puriqtidore mujahhaz gardonida shudaast, ki istifodabarandagoni kompyuter dar vaqti dilkhoh ba tavri avtomati oid ba pahluhoi faoliyat va imkoniyathoi sistema va zamimahoi on malumothoi zaruriro dastras namuda metavonand.

Dar Windows rohhoi bisyori dastraskunii malumothoi informatsioni peshbini karda shudaast. Az malumotnomai sistema makhsusan hangomi kor bo elementhoi idorakunii ravzanahoi robitavi khele ziyod istifoda mebarand. Bo in maqsad, dar kunji rosti satri sarlavhai in ravzanahoi robitavi dar pahlui tugmai tugmai joygir karda shudaast. Hangomi pakhsh namudani tugmai nishondihandai mush shakli -ro megirad. Agar dar in mavrid nishondihandai mushro ba boloi yagon elementi idorakunii ravzana guzoshta tugmai chapi mushro pakhsh kunem, on goh dar ekran oid ba funksiyahoi on element malumoti informatsioni paydo meshavad.

Dar aksariyat ravzanahoi robitavi va baze ravzanahoi zamimavii Windows baroi giriftani malumoti informatsioni az usuli malumotgirii konteksti istifoda mebarand. Mohiyati in usul dar on ast, ki nishondihandai mush ba boloi yagon elementi idorakuni guzoshta meshavad va tugmai rosti on pakhsh karda meshavad. Dar in mavrid dar pahlui elementi intikhobkardashuda tugmai va sabti CHto eto takoe? (In chist?) paydo meshavad. Agar tugmai pakhsh karda shavad, on goh oid ba funksiyahoi elementi qaydkardashuda malumot paydo meshavad.

Usuli az hama asosi va klassikii istifodabarii sistemai malumotdihandai Windows – in istifodabarii komandai Menyui asosii sistema PuskSpravka (OgozMalumotnoma) ba shumor meravad. Ba gayr az Menyui asosi dar menyui ravzanai papka yo programmai dilkhoh bandi Spravka (Malumotnoma) peshbini karda shudaast, ki pas az pakhshi on dar ekran ravzanai sistemai malumotdihandaiWindows kushoda meshavad .

Ravzanai sistemai malumotdihanda ba misli ravzanai Rohbalad az du panel iborat ast. Paneli chapi on, ki paneli navigatsioni nom dorad, az se tugmai qabatii Soderjanie (Mundarija), Ukazatel (Nishondihanda) va Poisk (Koftu- kov) iborat ast. Paneli navigatsioni baroi koftukovi sarlavhai bobho va mavzuhoi sistemai malumotdihanda khizmat merasonad. Paneli rosti ravzana – paneli mohiyat va mazmun nom doshta, baroi inikos namudani matni mavzui intikhobkardashuda khizmat merasonad.

Hangomi faol budani tugmai qabatii Soderjanie (Mundarija), bobhoi sistemai malumotdihanda ba misli bobhoi kitobho dar shakli ierarkhi dar ekran inikos karda

meshavand. Bobhoro ba vositai pakhshkunii tugmai chapi mush kushodan mumkin ast. Har yak bob metavonad, dar navbati khud, zerbob va mavzuhoi alohidai khudro doshta boshad, ki onho niz bo hamon usul kushoda meshavand. Hangomi intikhobkunii mavzui mushakhkhas, mazmuni on dar paneli rosti ravzana in ikos meyobad. Dar mavridi faol budani tugmai qabatii Ukazatel (Nishondihanda) malumothoi sistema az rui alifbo. Ravzanai sistemai malumotdihandai Windows shakli ruykhat (pay dar pay) paydo meshavand. Az in tugma vaqte istifoda burdan qulay ast, ki agar ba mo yagon malumoti mushakhkhas lozim boshad. Hangomi yoftani malumoti zaruri (mafhum, kalima va gayra) va pakhshi dukaratai on dar paneli rost matni mavzue paydo meshavad, ki in malumot dar on istifoda shudaast.

Agar ba mo doir ba yagon mafhum malumot zarur boshad, vale mo peshaki nadonem, ki on ba kadom bob va mavzu taalluq dorad, on goh az tugmai qabatii Poisk (Koftukov) istifoda mebarem. Baroi in kalimai zaruriro dar maydonchai dokhilkuni sabt menamoem va tugmai komandavii Razde li (Bobho)-ro pakhsh mekunem. Agar kalimai sabtshuda dar yagon mavzu istifoda burda shuda boshad, on goh ruykhati in guna mavzuho ba ekran barovarda meshavad. Baroi didani matni mavzue, ki dar on kalimai zaruri mahfuz ast, pakhshi dukaratai nomi on yo pakhshi tugmai komandavii Vivesti (Horij karda shavad) kifoya ast.

Savolho:

  1. Kadom usulhoi dastraskunii malumoti informatsioniro dar Windows medoned?
  2. Dar ravzanahoi robitavi baroi dastras namudani malumoti zaruri oid ba vazifahoi yagon element kadom tugma khizmat merasonad?
  3. Usuli malumotgirii konteksti gufta kadom usulro meguyand?
  4. Sistemai malumotdihandai asosii Windows-ro chi guna ba kor medarorand?
  5. Oyo ba vositai menyui ravzanai papkaho va programmaho niz imkoniyati malumotgiri mavjud ast yo ne?
  6. Ravzanai sistemai malumotdihanda ba ravzanai kadom programma beshtar shabohat dorad?
  7. Paneli chapi ravzanai sistemai malumotdihanda chi nom dorad va baroi chi khizmat merasonad? Paneli rost chi?
  8. Funksiyahoi tugmahoi qabatii Soderjanie (Mundarija), Ukazatel (Nishondihanda) va Poisk (Koftukov) az chi iborat ast?

Suporish:

  1. Matni mavzuro bodiqqat khoned, mazmuni mukhtasari onro dar daftar navised va onro naql kuned.
  2. Bo usuli klassiki (ananavi – istifodabarii Menyui asosi) ravzanai sistemai malumotdihandai Windows-ro kushoed va onro muoina namoed.
  3. Pay dar pay tugmahoi qabatii Soderjanie (Mundarija), Ukazatel (Nishondihanda) va Poisk (Koftukov)-ro pakhsh namoed va bined, ki dar ekran kadom informatsiya paydo meshavand.
  4. Az tugmai qabatii Soderjanie istifoda burda, oid ba tarzi kori programmai standartii Igri baroi khud malumot gird ovared.
  5. Baroi paydo namudani malumotho doir ba yagon elementi ravzana az bandi menyui ravzana – Spravka, usuli kontekstii malumotgiri va az nishonai istifoda bared.
  6. Az tugmahoi qabatii Ukazatel va Poisk istifoda burda, doir ba yagon mafhumi kompyuteri malumot justuju namoed.
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