Home / Jamiyat / SARCHASHMAI HUDSHINOSII MILLI

SARCHASHMAI HUDSHINOSII MILLI

Agar kas guzashtai ajdodi khudro nadonad, insoni komil nest!

In khitobai soda, vale dar ayni zamon jiddii buzurgoni ilmu adabi mo az qari asrho ba gush merasad va hushdor medihad, ki az tarikhi millatu sarzamin, rasmu rusum va dinu oini khud mudom voqif boshem. Voqean, tarikhro khotirai insoniyat menomand. Pas har fard be omuzishi tarikhi kishvari khud aslu nasab va marifati bumivu zotiashro poydoru begazand nigoh doshta nametavonad, az reshai khesh dur yo kanda shuda, ba vartai gumnomi yo fano qadam menihad va, ba tabiri imruziyon, «manqurt» meshavad. YAne inson tarikhi guzashtai khudro faro nagirad, tabiist, ki az zoti khud, rohi taykarda, dastovardhoi siyosivu farhangi va burdu bokhti mardumash noogoh monda, chun makhluqe odamsurat, vale beparvo, bemasuliyat, benishon umr ba sar mebarad. In badbakhtii buzurg ast. Okhir ori az khotirai guzashta, forig az gami fardo chi khel khudro inson meshumori?

dsc_6218-1-300x200Agar in fojia davlat, millat va qavmero faro girad, chi meshavad?

Tarikh guvoh ast, ki az rui chunin beehtiyoti va voqif nabudan az guzashtai khesh qisme az davlatu millathoi abarqudrat pora-pora shuda, az zabon va rasmu oini khesh mahrum gardidaand. Dar ahdi boston chunin misolho farovonand.

Sarnavishti millati tojik dar tuli asrho barobari digar mardumi eroninajod baso pechida va purshebu faroz ast. Tojik bo koru paykor baroi noil shudan ba ozodi, bo sozandagi va bunyodkori, bo aqlu zakovati farzandoni nobigaash dar arsai ilmu adabu siyosat, bo rasidan ba davroni ehyoi davlatdori va chashidani zahri shikast, bo taloshho bahri khudshinosi va ogohii millat tarikhi khudro ganivu rangin sokhtaast.

Tarikhi sarshor az lahzahoi piruzi, chaspu talosh baroi tashakkuli tafakkuri millivu rivoju ravnaqi davlatdori, ilmu farhang va … gulgun az khuni mardoni muborizu fidokor … Ammo pushida nest, ki solhoi tuloni mo az omuzishi merosi tarikhii khalqi khud yak andoza dur mondem. Dar maktabu donishgohho ba farzandoni mo ba joi tarikhi khalqi tojik beshtar tarikhi khalqhoi digarro meomuzondand. Va in munosibati nosolim rakhnae guzosht dar tarikhomuzi va tarikhdonii mardumi mo. SHoyad yak sababi az asli khesh kame dur mondan va past raftani manaviyat, kohidani akhloqi jomeai mo az hamin iborat bud.

Va, khushbakhtona, du farzandi nobigai millati tojik — ustod Sadriddin Ayni va akademik Bobojon Gafurov hamin norasoiro ehsos kardand va jiddan az payi islohi on shudand. Alloma Ayni bo risola va maqoloti ziyodash dar khususi zindagi va ejodiyoti shakhsiyathoi ilmu farhang va siyosatu davlatdori mardumro bo guzashtai puriftikhor va farzandoni neknomi millat oshno sokht, onhoro bo tarikhi ibratomuzu puriftikhori khud payvast. Mardum bo nigohi zirakona va khiradmandonai Ayni az baroru nokomihoi niyogon dar nabardi zindagi ogoh shudand.

bobojon_gafurov-192x300
Surati Bobochon Gaffurov

Hamchunin Bobojon Gafurov bo hidoyati in piri khirad ba kori pursharafe kamar bast. Vay dar solhoi baso mushkil ba tadqiq va talifi kitobe az tarikhi khalqi tojik shuru namud. Kovishu justujuyhoi payvastai u dar in roh samarai dilkhoh dodand. Va nakhustin asari ilmii Bobojon Gafurov «Tarikhi mukhtasari khalqi tojik» panjoh sol muqaddam — soli 1947 az chop baromad. Vay chun farzandi dilsuzi millat barobari faoliyati davlatdorivu siyosi in korro ba anjom rasond va baroi hamzabononu hammillatonash ravzane kushod az olami tarikh. In tajribai avvalini tarikhnavisii tojik dar zamoni shuravi bud va onro muhaqqiqoni namoyon, sharqshinosoni mashhuri dunyo khush paziruftand.

Honandai tojik tavassuti in asar az maqomi khudshinosi ba omukhtani tarikhi guzashtai khud ru ovard. Va ba savolhoi ziyodi «Ajdodi mo kiho budand? Az kujo ba zindagi shuru kardand? CHi tavr davlat sokhtandu davlatdori kardand? Bo chi rohu dasture ba ilmu adabiyoti olamshumul poy guzoshtand? Dar tarikhi bashariyat chi maqomu poya dorand?»- posukhi daqiq va mufassal yoftand.

Man in asari ajoib va purmuhtavoro hanuz solhoi donishjui mutolia karda, gohe az hunari voloi davlatdorii guzashtagonamon mebolidam, bazan az shikasti hukumat, johtalabi, jangu jidol va jaholatu khunrezii barodaron ba khotiri takhtu toj va shuhratu nafs, ki tesha ba reshai davlat zadaast, tokhtutozi vahshiyonai ajnabiyon, sarosar nobud shudani mardumoni begunoh va kharobu valangor gashtani markazhoi farhangi dilam resh megashtu ba andesha meaftodam. Payvasta fikr mekardam, millate, ki yak zamon sohibi tamadduni oli bud, imruz az kohidani manaviyati jomea menoladu azob mekashad?!

Pushida nest, ki badi inqilob mardumi mo ba tavri suni az omukhtani tarikhi chandinhazorsolai khud benasib gasht va manaviyatu akhloqash az narasidani in gizo kohid. Asari Bobojon Gafurov, ki chun obu havo baroi khudogohi va rushdi tafakkuri tarikhii mardum zarur bud, dar tuli panjoh sol tanho yak marotiba nashr shud. Albatta, in boisi taassuf ast. Az rui insof meboist in asar borho az chop mebaromad va dastrasi har yak fardi tojik megardid.

Agar mo az rohi taykardai pur az shebu farozi millati khud ogohii nisbatan purra medoshtem va az khatohoi sodirnamudai niyogonamon sabaq megiriftem, shoyad tufoni ofatbori jangi grajdani, ki mo ba on duchor omadem, chunin rangi fojiavi namegirift. Okhir yak sarchashmai khudshinosii milli mahz oshnoi bo merosi tarikhi ast. To khotirai qavii tarikhiro, ki dar osori farhangivu ilmii boston mahfuz ast, jomea az khud nakunad, az khiradu zakovati guzashtagon bahramand nashavad, dar tamomi rishtahoi zindagi ba dastovardhoi dilkhoh noil shuda nametavonad.

Omukhtani tarikh tanho baroi donistani guzashta nest, balki in baroi shukufoii fardoi har yak millatu davlat zarur ast. YAne millat boyad az guzashtai khud- khoh durakhshon boshad, khoh tira,- sabaq bigirad va durnamoi oyandaashro muayyan bisozad.

Akademik Bobojon Gafurov ba hamin khotir umri khudro ba tahqiq va ejodi tarikhi millatash bakhshid va, khushbakhtona, ba murod rasid. Vay bo chopi shohasari buzurgi khud – «Tojikon» natanho millati tojik, balki tamomi forsizabononi olam, mukhlisonu havodoroni tamadduni SHarq va sokinoni Osiyoi Markaziro bo yak sarchashmai nerubakhshu purbaho shodkom sokht. Boyad takid bikunam, ki alloma Bobojon Gafurov dar ejodi in asar, ba tabiri ustod Ayni, yake az «…sharthoi muhimi tarikhnavisi — muhokimaronii betarafona»-ro rioya kardaast.

In asar avval ba zaboni rusi dar Moskva chop shud va hamchunin az jonibi olimoni mashhuri sobiq shuravi va khoriji bahoi arzanda girift. Asar tanho ba omuzish va tahqiqi tarikhi tojikon, sahmi benaziri onho ba ganjinai tamadduni bashari mahdud nameshavad. Inchunin, dar on tarikhi mardumi hamzabonamon va khalqhoi digari Osiyoi Markazi mavridi tahqiqi hamajoniba qaror giriftaast. Az in khotir badi on ki «Tojikon» ba khati rusiasosi tojiki dar Dushanbe ba tab rasid, darhol diqqati muarrikhoni Afgonistonro jalb namud. Va dar in kishvari dustu barodar asari mazkur bo hurufi forsi az chop baromad, sipas dar mamoliki digar niz pay dar pay chopi on surat girift.

Qimati ilmii «Tojikon», alhaq, benihoyat buzurg ast. Bobojon Gafurov bo in iqdomi nek va zahmati purbahoyash natanho sahifahoi tarikhi rangini millati tojik va mardumi hamzaboni mo, balki tarikh va rohi taykardai khalqhoi uzbeku qirgiz va qazoqu turkmanro to andozae ba khonanda oshno sokht. In khidmati rustamonai Bobojon Gafurov shoistai tahsin va ofarin ast, zero osori purqimati ilmiash chun behtarin omuzgor ba mo va nasli oyanda sabaq meomuzad.

Imruz mardumi kishvar ba khudshinosi va barqaror kardani khotirai tarikhii khesh besh az pesh niyoz dorad. Mo boyad az tarikhi guzashta sabaq bigirem va baroi vahdati komili milli korhoi buzurgero ba anjom birasonem. Dar in rohi pursharaf chopi osori garonbahoi akademik Bobojon Gafurov baroi barafrukhtani ehsosi vatandusti va iftikhori milli madad khohad rasond.

Загрузка...

Dar boramon

Инчунин кобед

sheri-padar

SHer dar borai kudaki

Tifliyu shashsolagi dar yodi man. CHashm pusham volidon dar khobi man. SHash soli umri man …