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SANATI ODAMONI IBTIDOI.

Bostonshinoson bisyor “asarho”-i sanati odamoni asri sangro paydo namudaand. Qarib sad sol qabl az in asrori gore voqe dar Ispaniyai kununy, ki dar zamonhoi khele qadim odamon zindagi mekardand, bostonshinosoni ispaniro motu mabhut kard. Onho dar devorhoi gor surathoi bo rang kashidashudai har guna hayvonhoro kashf kardand, ki onho amali odamoni jamoai ibtidoi budand.

Rasmi mamont, gavazn va khirs bo mahorati baland tasvir karda shudaast. In rasmho guvohi onand, ki odami jamoai ibtidoi doroi qobiliyati darki zeboi budaast. Olimon az in rasmho ba chunin khulosa omadaand, ki sanat takhminan 30 hazor sol pesh az in dar jamoai ibtidoi paydo shudaast.

sanati-od-ibtidoi

“Odami boaql” mushohidakor bud. U hayvonhoro khele khub omukhta budaast, vagarna rasmhoyu haykalhoro in qadar usto- korona ofarida nametav onist. Ba sanat mashgul shudani odami jamoai ibtidoiro hamchun yak jahishi buzurg dar paydoish va tashakkuli minbadai hayoti u hisobidan mumkin ast.

ODAMI IBTIDOI. Magar “odamoni boaql” metavonistand, ki dar nazdi hodisahoi khavfnoki tabiat ojizona cap kham namoyand? Albatta ne. Onho kushish ba kharj medodand, ki sababhoi cap zadani hodisahoi tabiatro oshkor sozand. Vale baroi ravshan dark namudani sababi hodisahoi tabiat donishi onho hanuz kofi nabud. Dar tasavvuri odamoni ibtidoi khodisahoi tabiat guyo dar zeri tasiri kadom yak quvvai gayritabii surat megiriftand. Ba khayoli onho, agar on puf kunad, dar zamin va bahru uqyonusho tufon ba amal meoyad.

Hamin tuna dar kashfi sirru asrori hodisahoi tabiat ojizi kardani idrok boisi dar bayni onho paydo shudani har guna etiqodhoi dini gardid. Dar tasavvuri oda­moni ibtidoi olamro guyo quvvahoi purzuri gayritabii idora mekarda boshand.

Baroi  hamin ham, onho ba in quvvaho hamchun ba ruhho va hodisahoi puriqtidor etiqod paydo menamudand. Kasbu kori odamon ba etiqodhoi dinii onho tasir merasonad. Masalan, kishovarzon bovari doshtand, ki khudohoi hodisahoi tabiat oftob va abr meboshand, zero oftob ba ziroat garmi mebakhshad, abr boshad, ba ziroat ob medihad. Odamoni qadim khudohoro yo dar shakli odam va yo dar shakli hayvonho tasavvur karda, meparastidand. Muvofiqi tasavvurotashon surati khudohoro az chub va yo sang metaroshidand, ki mo onro but menomem. Buthoro
odamoni kadim dar joyhoi namoyon guzoshta, ba onho ibodat mekardand. Odamon gumon doshtand, ki in butho, ki ramzi khudoyon budand, dar parvarishi ziroat va barori shikor ba onho yori merasonand. Baroi on ki khudoho talabi odamonro ijro kunand, ba butho ibodat va kurboni mekardand. Masalan, dar nazdi butho sabadhoi pur az mevajotu galladona va chorvoyoni kushtashudaro burda meguzoshtand. Bazan ba khotiri etiqod ba butho khatto hamqavmho va asironro ham qurboni mekardand. CHunin etiqodi dinii odamoni qadim az nasl ba nasl guzashta, dar shuuri onho joy megirift.

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