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SHAMOLHO DAR QIRGIZISTON

Baroy tashakkul yoftani iqlimi Qirgiziston durni ziyod az ukyonus, ihota shudan bo biyobonhoi farokhi Avroosiyo va relyefi kuhy tasiri kalon merasonand. Ba iqlimi Qirgiziston jarayonhoi havoi, ki dar pahn shgudani onho relyefi kuhy ta­siri buzurg dorand, khele tasirguzor meboshand. Bazan ba injo az garb jarayoni nisbatan garm va nami havo vorid meshavand.

Pahn shudani on bo obu havoi abrnok, borongari va judo shudani miqdori kaloni barf va obshavii barf dar vaqti zimiston vobasta ast.

hqdefaultJarayonhoi rutubatnoki havo dar rohi khud ba kuhho duchor omada, az ruyi nishebihoi onho balandu khunuk shuda, dar on jo qismati kaloni namii bo khud ovardaashonro boqi meguzorand. Dar vaqti zimiston ba obu havoi jumhurii mo jarayoni khunuki havo, ki az jonibi Uqyonusi YAkhbastai SHimoli va Sibir vorid meshavand, tasiri buzurg meguzorand.

Jarayoni khunuki havo, ki az jonibi Arktika va antiksikloni Sibir meo- yand, nohiyai shimolii Qirgizistonro faro girifta, tavassuti darahoi kuhi ba nishebihoi baynikuhy roh meyoband.

Hangomi vazidani antisiklon khunuk meshavad.

Jarayonhoi havoi khunuk dar nishebiho muhosira shuda, vaqte havoi khunuk az pasi havoi rutubatnok meoyad, dar nohiyahoi kuhi meh (tuman) paydo shuda, boro­ni sard ba boridan shuru mekunad.

Goho jarayoni khunuki arktikii havo ba Qirgiziston dar okhiri bahor va av- vali tiramoh meoyad. Dar in asno khunukiho cap mezanand, ki ba kishovarziyu bogdori ziyoni buzurg vorid mekunand.

Jarayoni khunuki havo, ki az SHimol omadaast, ba on nohiyahoi Qirgiziston, ki dar vodii Fargona qaror dorand, tasir rasonida nametavonand.

Zero ki in nohiyaho az tarafhoi shimol tavassuti qatorkuhho hifz meshavand.

Bazan, dar vaqti zimiston, ba in joyho siklonhoi janubiyu garbi, ki az Bahri Miyonazamin va Jumhurii Eron meoyand, cap medarovarand. Onho sha- moli sardi tropiky, borishot va boronhoi sakhtro ba vodii Fargona, ba vija boronhoi duru darozro ba pushtakuhho meovarand. Sikloni janubu garbi dar di- gar nohiyahoi Tenir-Too (Tyonshon) pahn gardida, mikdori ziyodi garmi meovarand.

Ba obu havoi vodii Issiq- Kul khudi kuli Issiq-Kul tasiri ziyod meraso- nad.

Oyinai kaloni sathi ob, ki tamomi sol kushoda meboshad, havoi atrofi khudro nisbatan khub muloim va garm menamoyad.

Ba pahnshavii borishot shamolho tasiri namoyon meguzorand. Dar in joy du jarayoni havo malum ast: shamoli garby – «ulan» va shamoli sharqy – «santash». Az hama qavitarinashon – ulan buda, surati vay mamulan to ba 20 m/s va ba- zan ba 40 m/s merasad. Ba vodi cap zada, vay regu shagalro az zamin mebardorad. Bazan, shamolhoi ulan va santash, dar yak zamon boloi kul ba ham barkhurda, gird- bodro tashkil medihand. Ilova bar on, dar sohili kul shamoli mahally- briz( nasimi bahri) paydo meshavad. Nasimi ruzona garm buda , az tarafi kul ba ta- rafi kuh vazida, nasimi shabongohi havoi salqinro az tarafi kuh ba sohili kul merasonad. Dar har surat boloi kul shamoli garby beshtar hukmron ast. Az in ru, farqi bayni borishot dar garb va sharqi vodi khele kalon ast. Qismati garb khushk buda, borishot kam dida meshavad. Dar sohili sharqii kul vay nazdik ba 600 mm ast.

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