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SHAKLHOI DINHOI IBTIDOI – AVVALIN DAR DUNYO

Fetishizm kalimai portugali buda, ba manii toatu ibodat kardan ba mavjudoti gayrizinda omadaast. Dar mavjudoti gayrizinda muvofiqi aqidai fetishizm yagon khususiyati favquloda mahfuz ast. Avvalin bor kalimai fetish dar asri XVIII az tarafi bahrnavardi portugali hangomi tasviri ashyoi mavridi parastishi aholii Gvineya istifoda shudaast.

Fetishizm na tankho shakli makhsusi dini ibtidoi ast, balki unsurhoi fetishisti /butparasti/ qarib dar hamai dinhoi digar ham hastand. On beshtar dar sokhti qabilavi mavqe doshta, barobari parastishi ajdodu avlodu qabila hamchun buti shakhsi metavonad vujud doshta boshad.

din-tarixash

Du navi butro metavon farq kard, buti moddi va manavi. Buti moddi har guna modda: sang, aso, darakht, uzve az badani hayvonot va gayra, buthoi manavi niz hamin guna ashyo buda, faqat dar Tasavvuri etiqodmandon dar onho ruhe joy giriftaast va ruhi mazkuri ashyo nirui mujizanok ast.

Tadqiqi fetishizm dar qabilahoi Afrikai garbi nishon medihad, ki shaklhoi

parastishi butho niz farq mekunand, az ibodati fetishho to ehtiromi onho, bazan butho baroi ijro nakardani vazifaashon jazo doda meshavand va ba digar but ivaz megardand.

Unsurhoi butparasti makhsusan dar dinhoi na chandon inkishofyofta, ibtidoi va bisyorkhudoi beshtar mushohida megardad. Baze zuhuroti butparasti dar bayni payravoni dinhoi yakkakhudoi ham duchor meshavand.

Masalan, parastishi ikonaho dar masehiyat, suburganho dar buddoiya, sangi mazorho az tarafi baze payravoni islom va gayra. Unsuri fetishizm dar hayoti ijtimoi va munosibathoi istehsoliyu tijorati niz mushohida meshavad, masalan, munosibati khosi odamon ba metallhoi qimatbaho: nuqra, tillo, parastishi pul va gayra.

Davrai vahshoniyat. Odamoni davrai ibtidoi dar boshishgoh, zanu mardon. Nimbarahna ba korhoi ruzgor mashguland. Dar atrof kudakon bozi mekunand.

 

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