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SHAHRVANDII JUMHURII TOJIKISTON -QONUN

Qonuni konstitutsionii mazkur munosibatho oid ba shahrvandii Jumhurii Tojikistonro ba tanzim darovarda, asosho, prinsipho, shartho va tartibi sohib shudan va qat namudani shahrvandii Jumhurii Tojikistonro muayyan menamoyad.

(Akhbori Majlisi Olii Jumhurii Tojikiston, s. 2015, №7-9, mod. 696)

BOBI 1. 
MUQARRAROTI UMUMI

Moddai 1. Mafhumhoi asosi 

Mafhumhoi asosie, ki dar Qonuni konstitutsionii mazkur istifoda meshavand:

shahrvandi Jumhurii Tojikiston –shakhse, ki dar ruzi qabuli Konstitutsiyai (Sarqonuni) Jumhurii Tojikiston shahrvandi Jumhurii Tojikiston bud yo mutobiqi qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston va shartnomahoi baynalmilalii Tojikiston shahrvandii Jumhurii Tojikistonro sohib shuda boshad;

shahrvandii Jumhurii Tojikiston –robitai ustuvori siyosiyu huquqii shakhs bo Jumhurii Tojikiston buda, majmui huquq va uhdadorihoi mutaqobilai tarafhoro dar bar megirad;

shahrvandi khoriji –shakhse, ki shahrvandii Jumhurii Tojikistonro nadoshta, shahrvandi davlati khoriji meboshad;

shakhsi beshahrvand – shakhse, ki tibqi qonunguzorii yagon davlat shahrvandi on hisobida nameshavad;

dushahrvandi – doroi shahrvandii davlati khoriji budani shahrvandi Jumhurii Tojikiston va doroi shahrvandii Jumhurii Tojikiston budani shahrvandi khoriji mutobiqi shartnomahoi baynalmilalii Tojikiston;

kudak –shakhse, ki ba sinni hajdah narasidaast;

istiqomat kardan– sukunati shakhs bo asoshoi qonuni dar hududi Jumhurii Tojikiston yo berun az on;

istiqomati doimi– istiqomati befosilai shahrvandi khoriji yo shajci beshahrvand az rui guvohnomai iqomat dar hududi Jumhurii Tojikiston;

guvohnomai iqomat–hujjati tasdiqkunandai shakhsiyati shahrvandi khoriji va shakhsi beshahrvand dar hududi Jumhurii Tojikiston va sobitkunandai giriftani ijozat baroi istiqomati doimi dar Tojikiston.

Moddai 2. Qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston dar borai shahrvandii Jumhurii Tojikiston

Qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston dar borai shahrvandii Jumhurii Tojikiston ba Konstitutsiyai (Sarqonuni) Jumhurii Tojikiston asos yofta, az Qonuni konstitutsionii mazkur, digar sanadhoi meyorii huquqii Jumhurii Tojikiston, inchunin, sanadhoi huquqii baynalmilalie, ki Tojikiston onhoro etirof namudaast, iborat meboshad.

Moddai 3. Tatbiqi shartnomahoi baynalmilali oid ba shahrvandi

Hangomi halli masalahoi shahrvandii Jumhurii Tojikiston Qonuni konstitutsionii mazkur va shartnomahoi baynalmilalii Tojikiston tatbiq megardand.

Moddai 4. Prinsiphoi shahrvandii Jumhurii Tojikiston

SHahrvandii Jumhurii Tojikiston ba prinsiphoi zerin asos meyobad:

– huquqi har shakhs ba shahrvandi;

– barobarhuquqii shahrvandon novobasta ba asoshoi sohib shudan ba shahrvandi;

– musoidat ba peshgirii beshahrvandi;

– nigoh doshtani shahrvandii Jumhurii Tojikiston, novobasta az joi istiqomat, bastan va bekor kardani aqdi nikoh.

Moddai 5. Mani  ba davlati khoriji suporidani shahrvandi Jumhurii Tojikiston

  1. SHahrvandi Jumhurii Tojikistonro ba davlati khoriji suporidan man ast.
  2. Suporidani shakhse, ki jinoyat sodir kardaast, ba davlati khoriji dar asosi shartnomahoi baynalmilalii Tojikiston hal karda meshavad.

Moddai 6. Musoidat ba peshgirii beshahrvandi

Jumhurii Tojikiston ba shahrvandii  Jumhurii Tojikiston sohib shudani shakhsi beshahrvandro dastgiri namuda, baroi ba shahrvandii davlati digar sohib shudani u mone nameshavad.

Moddai 7. Nigoh doshtani shahrvandii Jumhurii Tojikiston hangomi bastan va (yo) bekor kardani aqdi nikoh

  1. Bastani aqdi nikoh va (yo) bekor kardani on bayni shahrvandi Jumhurii Tojikiston va shakhse, ki shahrvandi Jumhurii Tojikiston nameboshad, boisi tagyir dodani shahrvandii onho namegardad.
  2. Digar kardani shahrvandii yake az hamsaron boisi tagyir dodani shahrvandii hamsari digar namegardad.
  3. Bekor kardani aqdi nikoh boisi tagyir dodani shahrvandii kudakoni az hamin nikoh tavalludshuda yo farzandkhondshudai hamsaron namegardad.

Moddai 8. Sohib shudan ba dushahrvandi

  1. SHahrvandi Jumhurii Tojikiston, ki shahrvandii digar davlatro niz dorad, az jonibi Jumhurii Tojikiston tanho chun shahrvandi Jumhurii Tojikiston donista meshavad, ba istisnoi holathoe, ki dar shartnomahoi baynalmilalii Tojikiston nishon doda shudaand.
  2. Sohib shudan ba dushahrvandi mutobiqi shartnomahoi baynalmilalii Tojikiston amali karda meshavad.

Moddai 9. SHahrvandi fakhrii Jumhurii Tojikiston

  1. Ba shakhse, ki shahrvandi Jumhurii Tojikiston nabuda, baroi Jumhurii Tojikiston yo jomeai jahoni khizmathoi shoyon kardaast, mumkin ast bo rozigii u shahrvandii fakhrii Jumhurii Tojikiston doda shavad.
  2. Tartibi dodani shahrvandii fakhrii Jumhurii Tojikistonro nizomnomai shahrvandi fakhrii Jumhurii Tojikiston, ki  az jonibi Prezidenti Jumhurii Tojikiston tasdiq karda meshavad, muayyan menamoyad.

Moddai 10. Hujjathoi tasdiqkunandai shahrvandii Jumhurii Tojikiston

  1. Hujjati tasdiqkunandai shahrvandii Jumhurii Tojikiston hujjati rasmie meboshad, ki dar on shahrvandii shakhs nishon doda meshavad.
  2. Nomgui hujjathoi tasdiqkunandai shahrvandii Jumhurii Tojikistonro qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston muayyan menamoyad.

Moddai 11. Himoya va pushtibonii shahrvandi Jumhurii Tojikiston, ki berun az hududi Jumhurii Tojikiston qaror dorad

  1. SHahrvandi Jumhurii Tojikiston, ki berun az hududi Jumhurii Tojikiston qaror dorad, az himoya va pushtibonii Jumhurii Tojikiston barkhurdor meboshad.
  2. Maqomoti davlatii Jumhurii Tojikiston, namoyandagihoi diplomati, muassisahoi konsuli va namoyandagihoi digari rasmii Jumhurii Tojikiston uhdadorand, ki ba shahrvandi Jumhurii Tojikiston baroi purra istifoda burdan az tamomi huquqhoi muqarrarkardai qonunguzori dar davlati istiqomat yo davlate, ki dar on qaror dorad, musoidat namuda, huquq va manfiathoi qonunii uro himoya namoyand.

BOBI 2.
SOHIB SHUDAN BA SHAHRVANDII JUMHURII TOJIKISTON

Moddai 12. Asoshoi sohib shudan ba shahrvandii Jumhurii Tojikiston

SHahrvandii Jumhurii Tojikiston bo asoshoi zerin ba dast ovarda meshavad:

– az rui tavallud;

– dar natijai qabul namudan ba shahrvandi;

– dar natijai barqaror namudan ba shahrvandi;

– bo rohi intikhobi shahrvandii Jumhurii Tojikiston dar surati tagyir yoftani Sarhadi davlatii Jumhurii Tojikiston.

Moddai 13. Sohib shudan ba shahrvandii Jumhurii Tojikiston az rui tavallud

  1. Kudake, ki padaru modari u yo padar yo modari yagonai u hangomi tavallud shudanash shahrvandi Jumhurii Tojikiston meboshand, novobasta az joi tavallud, shahrvandi Jumhurii Tojikiston donista meshavad.
  2. Hangomi gunogun budani shahrvandii padaru modar, ki yake az onho dar vaqti tavalludi kudak shahrvandi Jumhurii Tojikiston meboshad, kudak shahrvandii Jumhurii Tojikistonro doro meshavad, agar u:

– dar hududi Jumhurii Tojikiston tavallud shuda boshad;

– berun az hududi Jumhurii Tojikiston tavallud shuda, padaru modari u yo yake az onho dar in vaqt dar hududi Jumhurii Tojikiston istiqomati doimi doshta boshand.

  1. Dar surati gunogun budani shahrvandii padaru modar, ki yake az onho dar lahzai tavalludi kudak shahrvandi Jumhurii Tojikiston buda, digare shahrvandi khoriji boshad, dar in vaqt onho berun az hududi Jumhurii Tojikiston istiqomati doimi doshta boshand, shahrvandii kudaki berun az hududi Jumhurii Tojikiston tavalludyofta az rui rozigii khattii padaru modar muayyan karda meshavad. Dar surati ba muvofiqa naomadani padaru modar dar davomi to se moh az lahzai tavalludi kudak, agar tibqi qonunguzorii davlati joi tavallud ba u shahrvandii hamon davlat doda nashuda boshad, kudak shahrvandi Jumhurii Tojikiston hisobida meshavad.
  2. Kudake, ki yake az padar yo modari u dar lahzai tavallud shudanash shahrvandi Jumhurii Tojikiston va digare shakhsi beshahrvand yo shakhsi nomalum boshad, novobasta az joi tavalludi kudak, shahrvandi Jumhurii Tojikiston hisobida meshavad.
  3. Dar holati muqarrar namudani padarii kudake, ki modarash shakhsi beshahrvand buda, padarash shahrvandi Jumhurii Tojikiston meboshad, kudak, novobasta az joi tavallud, shahrvandi Jumhurii Tojikiston donista meshavad.
  4. Dar mavridi muqarrar namudani holati tavalludi kudak az zane, ki shahrvandi Jumhurii Tojikiston buda, padarash shakhsi beshahrvand meboshad, kudak, novobasta az joi tavallud, shahrvandi Jumhurii Tojikiston donista meshavad.
  5. Kudake, ki dar hududi Jumhurii Tojikiston az shakhsoni beshahrvande, ki har du yo yake az onho dar Jumhurii Tojikiston istiqomati doimi dorand, tavallud shudaast, shahrvandi Jumhurii Tojikiston donista meshavad.
  6. Kudake, ki dar hududi Jumhurii Tojikiston tavallud shuda, padaru modari u nomalumand, shahrvandii Jumhurii Tojikistonro doro megardad.
  7. Kudaki dar hududi Jumhurii Tojikiston tavalludshuda, ki padaru modari u shahrvandoni khoriji meboshand yo yake az onho shahrvandi khoriji, digarash shakhsi beshahrvand va yo nomalum boshad, shahrvandi Jumhurii Tojikiston hisobida meshavad, agar mutobiqi qonunguzorii on davlatho ba u shahrvandi doda nashuda boshad.

Moddai 14. Qabul namudan ba shahrvandii Jumhurii Tojikiston

  1. SHahrvandi khoriji va shakhsi beshahrvandro dar asosi darkhosti onho mutobiqi Qonuni konstitutsionii mazkur ba shahrvandii Jumhurii Tojikiston qabul namudan mumkin ast.
  2. SHahrvandi khoriji va shakhsi beshahrvand, ki ba sinni hajdah rasidaand, novobasta az millat, najod, jins, zabon, etiqodi dini, mavqei siyosi, tahsil, vazi ijtimoi va (yo) moddi, huquq dorand dar borai qabul namudan ba shahrvandii Jumhurii Tojikiston darkhost peshnihod namoyand.

Moddai 15. SHarthoi umumii qabul namudan ba shahrvandii Jumhurii Tojikiston 

SHarthoi umumii qabul namudan ba shahrvandii Jumhurii Tojikiston az inho iboratand:

– istiqomati doimii befosilai shahrvandi khoriji va shakhsi beshahrvand dar hududi Jumhurii Tojikiston dar muhlati panj sol az ruzi giriftani guvohnomai iqomat to murojiat namudan bo darkhost oid ba qabul namudan ba shahrvandii Jumhurii Tojikiston, agar berun baromadani yakdafainai u az hududi Jumhurii Tojikiston dar davomi sol na ziyoda az se mohro tashkil namoyad, ba istisnoi tahsil, muolija va safari khizmati;

– donistani zaboni davlati dar sathi muoshirat;

– tahti taqibi jinoyati qaror nadoshtan.

Moddai 16. Qabul namudan ba shahrvandii Jumhurii Tojikiston  bo tartibi sodakardashuda

  1. Bo darkhost oid ba qabul namudan ba shahrvandii Jumhurii Tojikiston bo tartibi sodakardashuda be rioya namudani sharthoi dar sarkhathoi yakum va duyumi moddai 15 Qonuni konstitutsionii mazkur peshbinigardida va be peshnihodi guvohnomai iqomat shahrvandi khoriji va shakhsi beshahrvandi zerin metavonand murojiat namoyand:

– shakhse, ki dastovardhoi oli dar sohai ilmu tekhnika, tandurusti va varzish, khizmati shoista dar rushdi iqtisodi, ijtimoi va farhangii Jumhurii Tojikiston va amaligardonii arzishhoi umumibashari doshta boshad;

– veteranhoi Jangi Buzurgi Vatani, ki shahrvandii sobiq Ittihodi Jumhurihoi SHuravii Sotsialistiro doshtand va dar hududi Jumhurii Tojikiston istiqomat dorand;

–  kudak yo shakhsi gayri qobili amal, ki tahti vasoyat yo parastorii shahrvandi Jumhurii Tojikiston qaror dorad;

– kudak yo shakhsi gayri qobili amal, ki tahti parastorii purrai davlat dar muassisai tarbiyavi yo tabobati, muassisai hifzi ijtimoii aholi yo muassisai digari ba in monandi Jumhurii Tojikiston qaror dorad;

– shakhse, ki dar Jumhurii SHuravii Sotsialistii Tojikiston tavallud shuda, shahrvandii sobiq Ittihodi Jumhurihoi SHuravii Sotsialistiro doshta, dar davlathoe, ki ba hayati Ittihodi Jumhurihoi SHuravii Sotsialisti shomil budand, istiqomat mekard yo mekunad, vale shahrvandii in davlathoro nagirifta, dar natija, shakhsi beshahrvand gashtaast.

  1. Bo darkhost oid ba qabul namudan ba shahrvandii Jumhurii Tojikiston bo kam namudani nisfi muhlati istiqomati doimi, ki dar sarkhati yakumi moddai 15 Qonuni konstitutsionii mazkur peshbini gardidaast, shakhsoni zerin metavonand murojiat namoyand:

– shakhsi beshahrvand, ba istisnoi shakhsoni dar sarkhati panjumi qismi 1 moddai mazkur zikrshuda;

– shahrvandi khorijie, ki hangomi tavallud padar yo modari u shahrvandi Jumhurii Tojikiston buda, shahrvandii davlati khorijiro az rui tavallud sohib shuda boshad, dar davomi panj soli badi rasidan ba sinni hajdah;

– shahrvandi khorijie, ki padar yo modari u shahrvandi Jumhurii Tojikiston meboshad;

– shakhse, ki dar hududi Jumhurii SHuravii Sotsialistii Tojikiston tavallud shuda, shahrvandii sobiq Ittihodi Jumhurihoi SHuravii Sotsialistiro dosht.

  1. Prezidenti Jumhurii Tojikiston metavonad be rioya namudani sharthoi dar moddai 15 Qonuni konstitutsionii mazkur peshbinigardida masalai qabul namudani shahrvandi khoriji va shakhsi beshahrvandro ba shahrvandii Jumhurii Tojikiston barrasi namoyad.

Moddai 17. Barqaror namudan ba shahrvandii Jumhurii Tojikiston

  1. SHakhsone, ki bo sababi tagyir yoftani shahrvandii padaru modar az shahrvandii Jumhurii Tojikiston baromadaand, metavonand  tibqi darkhostashon dar muddati panj soli badi rasidan ba sinni hajdah ba shahrvandii Jumhurii Tojikiston barqaror karda shavand.
  2. SHakhsone, ki bo sababi farzandkhondi az shahrvandii Jumhurii Tojikiston baromadaand, metavonand tibqi darkhostashon ba shahrvandii Jumhurii Tojikiston barqaror karda shavand.
  3. SHahrvandoni sobiqi Jumhurii Tojikiston metavonand  tibqi darkhostashon ba shahrvandii Jumhurii Tojikiston barqaror karda shavand.

Moddai 18. Asoshoi rad kardani qabul namudan ba shahrvandii Jumhurii Tojikiston va barqaror namudan ba shahrvandii Jumhurii Tojikiston

Darkhosti qabul namudan ba shahrvandii Jumhurii Tojikiston va barqaror namudan ba shahrvandii Jumhurii Tojikiston rad karda meshavad, agar darkhostdihanda:

– malumoti bardurug va hujjathoi qalbaki peshnihod karda boshad;

– bo kirdori khud ba amniyati millii Jumhurii Tojikiston tahdid namoyad;

– uzvi hizb va tashkilothoi digare boshad, ki faoliyati onho rasman dar hududi Jumhurii Tojikiston man karda shudaast;

– baroi sodir kardani jinoyathoi vaznin va makhsusan vaznin mahkum shuda boshad;

– tahti taqibi jinoyati qaror doshta boshad;

– jazoro dar shakli mahrum sokhtan az ozodi ado karda istoda boshad;

– shahrvandi davlati khorijie boshad, ki Jumhurii Tojikiston bo on shartnomai baynidavlati dar borai dushahrvandi nadoshta boshad.

Moddai 19. Intikhobi shahrvandii Jumhurii Tojikiston dar surati tagyir yoftani Sarhadi davlatii Jumhurii Tojikiston

Hangomi tibqi tartibi muqarrarnamudai qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston tagyir yoftani Sarhadi davlatii Jumhurii Tojikiston shakhsone, ki dar hududi mansubiyati davlatiash tagyiryofta zindagi mekunand, huquq dorand tibqi tartib va muhlati peshbininamudai shartnomai baynalmilalii Tojikiston shahrvandii Jumhurii Tojikistonro intikhob namoyand.

BOBI 3. 
QAT NAMUDANI SHAHRVANDII JUMHURII TOJIKISTON

Moddai 20. Asoshoi qat namudani shahrvandii Jumhurii Tojikiston

SHahrvandii Jumhurii Tojikiston dar holathoi zerin qat megardad:

– baromadan az shahrvandii Jumhurii Tojikiston;

– az dast dodani shahrvandii Jumhurii Tojikiston;

– bekor kardani qaror oid ba qabul namudan ba shahrvandii Jumhurii Tojikiston;

– bo rohi intikhob namudani shahrvandii davlati digar dar surati tagyir yoftani Sarhadi davlatii Jumhurii Tojikiston.

Moddai 21. Baromadan az shahrvandii Jumhurii Tojikiston

  1. SHahrvandi Jumhurii Tojikiston huquq dorad az shahrvandii Jumhurii Tojikiston baroyad, ba istisnoi holathoe, ki dar moddai 22 Qonuni konstitutsionii mazkur peshbini gardidaand.
  2. Baromadan az shahrvandii Jumhurii Tojikiston dar asosi darkhosti shahrvandi Jumhurii Tojikiston amali megardad.
  3. Agar dar shartnomahoi baynalmilalii Tojikiston tartibi digar peshbini nashuda boshad, az shahrvandii Jumhurii Tojikiston baromadani kudaki to sinni chordahe, ki yake az padar yo modari u shahrvandi Jumhurii Tojikiston buda, digare shahrvandi khoriji meboshad yo in ki padar yo modari yagonai u shahrvandi khoriji meboshad, az rui darkhosti padaru modar va yo padar yo modari yagonai u amali megardad.

 

Moddai 22. Asoshoi rad namudan baroi az shahrvandii Jumhurii Tojikiston baromadan

 

Asoshoi rad namudan baroi az shahrvandii Jumhurii Tojikiston baromadan inhoyand:

– giriftani davatnoma ba khizmati harbii hatmi (to ba anjom rasidani on);

– tahti taqibi jinoyati qaror doshtan;

– dar nazdi davlat uhdadorii tibqi qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston muayyangardidai ijronashuda doshtan;

– mavjud budani hukmi aybdorkunandai etibori qonuni paydokardai sud, ki boyad ijro gardad;

– shahrvandii davlati khoriji va yo kafolati ba dast ovardani onro nadoshtan;

– mavjud budani khatar baroi amniyati davlati hangomi baromadan az shahrvandii Jumhurii Tojikiston.

Moddai 23. Az dast dodani shahrvandii Jumhurii Tojikiston

  1. SHahrvandi Jumhurii Tojikiston, ki dar davlati khoriji ba khizmati harbi, maqomoti amniyat, maqomoti adliya, hifzi huquq va yo maqomoti digari hokimiyati davlati dokhil yo ba kor qabul shudaast, shahrvandii Jumhurii Tojikistonro az dast medihad, agar dar shartnomahoi baynalmilalii Tojikiston tartibi digar peshbini nashuda boshad.
  2. SHahrvandi Jumhurii Tojikiston hangomi ikhtiyoran qabul namudani shahrvandii davlati digar, ki Jumhurii Tojikiston bo on shartnoma dar borai dushahrvandi nadorad, shahrvandii Jumhurii Tojikistonro az dast medihad.

Moddai 24. Bekor kardani qaror oid ba qabul namudan ba shahrvandii Jumhurii Tojikiston 

  1. Qaror oid ba qabul namudan ba shahrvandii Jumhurii Tojikiston nisbat ba shakhse bekor karda meshavad, ki u dar asosi malumoti bardurug va hujjathoi qalbaki shahrvandii Jumhurii Tojikistonro sohib shudaast. Daleli peshnihodi malumoti bardurug va hujjathoi qalbaki bo tartibi sudi muqarrar karda meshavad.
  2. Bekor karda  shudani qaror oid ba qabul namudan ba shahrvandii Jumhurii Tojikiston  shakhsi mazkurro az javobgarii muqarrarnamudai qonunguzori ozod namekunad.
  3. Qarori ba shahrvandii Jumhurii Tojikiston qabul namudanro dar davomi panj sol az ruzi  qabul shudani on bekor rdan mumkin ast.

Moddai 25. Intikhobi shahrvandii davlati digar (optatsiya) dar surati tagyir yoftani Sarhadi davlatii Jumhurii Tojikiston

Hangomi tibqi tartibi muqarrarnamudai qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston tagyir yoftani Sarhadi davlatii Jumhurii Tojikiston shakhsone, ki dar hududi vohidi marzivu mamurii mansubiyati davlatiash tagyiryofta zindagi mekunand, huquq dorand tibqi tartibi peshbininamudai shartnomai baynalmilalii Tojikiston shahrvandii davlati digarro intikhob namoyand.

BOBI 4. 
SHAHRVANDII KUDAK HANGOMI TAGYIR YOFTANI SHAHRVANDII PADARU MODAR, VASIYU PARASTORON. SHAHRVANDII SHAHSONI GAYRI QOBILI AMAL

Moddai 26. Tagyiryobii shahrvandii kudak hangomi tagyir yoftani shahrvandii padaru modar

  1. Agar padaru modar yo padar yo modari yagonai kudak shahrvandii Jumhurii Tojikistonro sohib shavad, kudak niz shahrvandii Jumhurii Tojikistonro sohib megardad.
  2. SHahrvandi Jumhurii Tojikiston budani kudak dar surati qat gardidani shahrvandi Jumhurii Tojikiston budani padaru modar yo padar yo modari yagonai kudak qat megardad, agar dar natija kudak shakhsi beshahrvand nagardad.
  3. Baroi sohib shudan yo qat namudani shahrvandii Jumhurii Tojikiston az jonibi kudaki sinni az chordah to hajdah rozigii u girifta meshavad.
  4. SHahrvandii kudak hangomi tagyir yoftani shahrvandii padaru modari u, ki az huquqi padaru modari mahrum gashtaand, tagyir nameyobad.

Moddai 27. SHahrvandii kudak hangomi sohib shudan yo qat namudani shahrvandii  padar yo modar

  1. Agar padar yo modari kudak, ki shahrvandi khoriji buda, shahrvandii Jumhurii Tojikistonro sohib shavad, kudaki onho, ki dar hududi Jumhurii Tojikiston istiqomat mekunad, bo darkhosti padar yo modare, ki shahrvandii Jumhurii Tojikistonro sohib meshavad, shahrvandii Jumhurii Tojikistonro sohib megardad.
  2. Agar padar yo modare, ki shahrvandi khoriji buda, shahrvandii Jumhurii Tojikistonro sohib shavad, kudaki onho, ki berun az hududi Jumhurii Tojikiston istiqomat mekunad, metavonad bo darkhosti padaru modar shahrvandii Jumhurii Tojikistonro sohib gardad.
  3. Agar yake az padar yo modari kudak, ki shahrvandi khoriji buda, shahrvandii Jumhurii Tojikistonro sohib shavad va digare shakhsi beshahrvand boshad, kudaki onho metavonad bo darkhosti padar yo modare, ki shahrvandii Jumhurii Tojikistonro sohib gardidaast, shahrvandii Jumhurii Tojikistonro sohib gardad.
  4. Agar yake az padar yo modare, ki khohishi sohib shudan ba shahrvandii Jumhurii Tojikistonro dorad, shakhsi beshahrvand va digare shahrvandi khoriji boshad, kudaki onho bo darkhosti padaru modar metavonad shahrvandii Jumhurii Tojikistonro sohib shavad.
  5. Agar shahrvandi Jumhurii Tojikiston budani yake az padar yo modar qat gardad va digare shahrvandi Jumhurii Tojikiston boqi monad, kudaki onho shahrvandii Jumhurii Tojikistonro nigoh medorad. Bo darkhosti padar yo modare, ki shahrvandiash qat yoftaast va muvofiqi rozigii khattii padar yo modare, ki shahrvandi Jumhurii Tojikiston meboshad, shahrvandi Jumhurii Tojikiston budani kudaki onho ba sharte qat meyobad, ki vay shakhsi beshahrvand nashavad.

Moddai 28. SHahrvandii kudak hangomi farzandkhondi

  1. Kudake, ki az jonibi shahrvandi Jumhurii Tojikiston yo hamsarone, ki shahrvandoni Jumhurii Tojikiston meboshand yo hamsarone, ki yake az onho shahrvandi Jumhurii Tojikiston buda, digare shakhsi beshahrvand ast, farzandkhond meshavad, az ruzi farzandkhondi, novobasta az joi istiqomat, bo darkhosti farzandkhondkunanda, ki shahrvandi Jumhurii Tojikiston meboshad, shahrvandii Jumhurii Tojikistonro sohib meshavad.
  2. Dar mavridi farzandkhond shudani kudak az jonibi hamsarone, ki yake shahrvandi Jumhurii Tojikiston va digare shahrvandi khoriji meboshad, dar asosi darkhosti onho kudak, novobasta az joi istiqomatash, shahrvandii Jumhurii Tojikistonro sohib meshavad. Agar dar davomi yak sol az ruzi farzandkhondi az jonibi farzandkhondkunandagon darkhost oid ba shahrvandii kudaki farzandkhondshuda vorid nagardad, kudak shahrvandii Tojikistonro sohib meshavad, agar u dar Jumhurii Tojikiston istiqomat namoyad.

Moddai 29. SHahrvandii kudak va shakhsi gayri qobili amal, ki tahti vasoyat va parastori qaror dorand

  1. Kudak yo shakhsi gayri qobili amal, ki shakhsi beshahrvand buda, tahti vasoyat va parastorii shahrvandi Jumhurii Tojikiston qaror dorad, tibqi sarkhati seyumi qismi 1 moddai 16 Qonuni konstitutsionii mazkur bo darkhosti vasi yo parastor shahrvandii Jumhurii Tojikistonro sohib meshavad.
  2. Kudak yo shakhsi gayri qobili amal, ki shakhsi beshahrvand buda, tahti parastorii purrai davlat dar muassisai tarbiyavi yo tabobati, muassisai hifzi ijtimoii aholi yo muassisai digari ba in monandi Jumhurii Tojikiston qaror dorad, tibqi sarkhati chorumi qismi 1 moddai 16 Qonuni konstitutsionii mazkur bo darkhosti rohbari muassisa, ki dar on kudak yo shakhsi gayri qobili amal qaror dorad,  shahrvandii Jumhurii Tojikistonro sohib meshavad.
  3. Kudak yo shakhsi gayri qobili amal, ki shakhsi beshahrvand buda, tahti vasoyat yo parastorii shahrvandi khorijii shahrvandii Jumhurii Tojikistonro sohibshavanda qaror dorad, hamzamon, bo darkhosti vasi (parastor) shahrvandii Jumhurii Tojikistonro sohib meshavad.
  4. Kudak yo shakhsi gayri qobili amal, ki shahrvandi Jumhurii Tojikiston meboshad va tahti vasoyat yo parastorii shahrvandi khoriji qaror dorad, shahrvandii Jumhurii Tojikistonro nigoh medorad.
  5. Bahsho bayni padaru modar, inchunin padaru modar bo vasi yo parastor dar borai shahrvandii kudak va shakhsi gayri qobili amal bo tartibi sudi bo nazardoshti manfiathoi kudak va shakhsi gayri qobili amal barrasi karda meshavand.

 

BOBI 5. 
MAQOMOTI VAKOLATDOR OID BA MASALAHOI SHAHRVANDI 
DAR JUMHURII TOJIKISTON

Moddai 30. Maqomoti vakolatdor oid ba masalahoi shahrvandi dar Jumhurii Tojikiston

Ba maqomoti vakolatdor, ki masalahoi shahrvandiro barrasi menamoyand, dokhil meshavand:

– Prezidenti Jumhurii Tojikiston;

– komissiya oid ba masalahoi shahrvandii nazdi Prezidenti Jumhurii Tojikiston;

– maqomoti korhoi dokhili;

– maqomoti korhoi khoriji.

Moddai 31. Salohiyati Prezidenti Jumhurii Tojikiston oid ba masalahoi shahrvandii Jumhurii Tojikiston

  1. Prezidenti Jumhurii Tojikiston:

– masalahoi sohib shudan va qat namudani shahrvandii Jumhurii Tojikistonro barrasi menamoyad;

– qaror oid ba qabul namudan ba shahrvandii Jumhurii Tojikistonro bekor mekunad;

– nizomnoma dar borai tartibi barrasii masalahoi shahrvandii Jumhurii Tojikistonro tasdiq menamoyad;

– nizomnoma dar borai shahrvandi fakhrii Jumhurii Tojikistonro tasdiq menamoyad;

– baroi barrasii peshakii masalahoi shahrvandi komissiya oid ba masalahoi shahrvandiro tasis medihad va nizomnomai onro tasdiq menamoyad;

– tartibi faoliyat va hamkorihoi maqomoti vakolatdorro, ki masalaho oid ba shahrvandii Jumhurii Tojikistonro barrasi mekunand, muayyan menamoyad;

– masalahoi qabul namudani shahrvandi khoriji va shakhsi beshahrvandro ba shahrvandii Jumhurii Tojikiston be rioya namudani sharthoi dar moddai 15 Qonuni konstitutsionii mazkur peshbinigardida barrasi menamoyad;

– tartibi barrasii masalaho oid ba sohib shudan va qat namudani shahrvandii Jumhurii Tojikistonro muayyan mekunad;

– tibqi Konstitutsiyai (Sarqonuni) Jumhurii Tojikiston va sanadhoi meyorii huquqii Jumhurii Tojikiston digar salohiyatro oid ba masalahoi shahrvandii Jumhurii Tojikiston amali menamoyad.

  1. Oid ba masalahoi shahrvandii Jumhurii Tojikiston az jonibi Prezidenti Jumhurii Tojikiston farmon barovarda meshavad.

Moddai 32. Vakolathoi komissiya oid ba masalahoi shahrvandii nazdi Prezidenti Jumhurii Tojikiston

Vakolathoi komissiya oid ba masalahoi shahrvandii nazdi Prezidenti Jumhurii Tojikiston mutobiqi nizomnomai komissiyai mazkur, ki az jonibi Prezidenti Jumhurii Tojikiston tasdiq karda shudaast, muayyan karda meshavand.

Moddai 33. Vakolathoi maqomoti korhoi dokhili oid ba masalahoi shahrvandii Jumhurii Tojikiston

Maqomoti korhoi dokhili vakolathoi zerinro oid ba masalahoi shahrvandi amali megardonand:

– mansubiyati shakhsoni dar Jumhurii Tojikiston istiqomatkunandaro ba shahrvandii Jumhurii Tojikiston muayyan mekunand;

– darkhosthoi shakhsoni dar Jumhurii Tojikiston istiqomatkunandaro oid ba masalahoi shahrvandii Jumhurii Tojikiston qabul mekunand;

– dalel va hujjathoi asosnokkunii  darkhosthoi peshnihodshudaro mesanjand va dar holathoi zaruri az maqomoti dakhldri davlati malumoti ilovagi talab mekunand;

– ba Prezidenti Jumhurii Tojikiston darkhostho oid ba masalahoi shahrvandii Jumhurii Tojikiston, peshnihod dar khususi az dast dodani shahrvandii Jumhurii Tojikiston, khulosa va hujjathoi vobasta ba asoshoi mushakhkhasi sohib shudan va qat namudani shahrvandii Jumhurii Tojikiston peshnihodshuda, inchunin mavodi digarro irsol menamoyand;

– qarorhoi qabulnamudai Prezidenti Jumhurii Tojikistonro oid ba masalahoi shahrvandii Jumhurii Tojikiston nisbat ba shakhsone, ki dar hududi Jumhurii Tojikiston istiqomat menamoyand, ijro mekunand;

– dar doirai vakolathoi khud hujjathoi dakhldorro oid ba masalahoi shahrvandi ba rasmiyat medarorand.

Moddai 34. Vakolathoi maqomoti korhoi khoriji oid ba masalahoi shahrvandii Jumhurii Tojikiston 

Maqomoti korhoi khoriji vakolathoi zerinro oid ba masalahoi shahrvandi amali megardonand:

– mansubiyati shakhsoni berun az hududi Jumhurii Tojikiston istiqomatkunandaro ba shahrvandii Jumhurii Tojikiston muayyan mekunand;

– darkhosthoi shakhsoni berun az hududi Jumhurii Tojikiston istiqomatkunandaro oid ba masalahoi shahrvandii Jumhurii Tojikiston qabul mekunand;

– dalel va hujjathoi asosnokkunii darkhosthoi peshnihodshudaro mesanjand va dar holathoi zaruri az maqomoti dakhldori davlati malumoti ilovagi talab mekunand;

– ba Prezidenti Jumhurii Tojikiston darkhostho oid ba masalahoi shahrvandii Jumhurii Tojikiston, peshnihod dar khususi az dast dodani shahrvandii Jumhurii Tojikiston, khulosa va hujjathoi vobasta ba asoshoi mushakhkhasi sohib shudan va qat namudani shahrvandii Jumhurii Tojikiston peshnihodshuda, inchunin mavodi digarro irsol menamoyand;

– qarorhoi qabulnamudai Prezidenti Jumhurii Tojikistonro oid ba masalahoi shahrvandii Jumhurii Tojikiston nisbat ba shakhsone, ki berun az hududi Jumhurii Tojikiston istiqomat menamoyand, ijro mekunand;

– dar doirai vakolathoi khud hujjathoi dakhldorro oid ba masalahoi shahrvandi ba rasmiyat medarorand;

– bahisobgirii shahrvandoni Jumhurii Tojikistonro, ki berun az hududi Jumhurii Tojikiston istiqomat mekunand va baqaydgirii az dast dodani shahrvandii onhoro amali menamoyand.

 

BOBI 6.
TARTIBI BARRASII DARHOSTHO VA HALLI MASALAHOI SHAHRVANDII 
JUMHURII TOJIKISTON

Moddai 35. Tartibi peshnihod kardani darkhostho oid ba masalahoi shahrvandii Jumhurii Tojikiston

  1. Darkhost oid ba masalahoi shahrvandii Jumhurii Tojikiston ba nomi Prezidenti Jumhurii Tojikiston az jonibi shakhse, ki dar Jumhurii Tojikiston istiqomat mekunad, ba maqomoti korhoi dokhilii mahalli zisti u va az jonibi shakhse, ki berun az hududi Jumhurii Tojikiston istiqomat  mekunad, ba maqomoti korhoi khoriji peshnihod karda meshavad.
  2. Darkhost az jonibi darkhostdihanda shakhsan peshnihod karda meshavad. Agar darkhostdihanda imkoniyati shakhsan peshnihod kardani darkhostro nadoshta boshad, metavonad darkhost va hujjathoi baroi barrasi zaruriro ba vositai shakhsi az jonibi u vakolatdorshuda peshnihod namoyad va yo tavassuti pochta firistad. Dar chunin holat asliyati imzoi shakhsi darkhostdihanda va durustii nuskhahoi hujjathoi zaruri, ki ba darkhost zamima meshavand, az jonibi notarius boyad tasdiq karda shavand.
  3. Darkhost dar borai tagyir dodani shahrvandii kudak yo shakhsi gayri qobili amal az jonibi padaru modar yo namoyandagoni qonunii onho az rui mahalli zisti darkhostdihanda yo mahalli zisti kudak yo shakhsi gayri qobili amal peshnihod karda meshavad.
  4. SHakli darkhost va nomgui malumoti ba darkhost zamimashavanda, inchunin nomgui hujjathoi zaruri vobasta ba asoshoi mushakhkhasi sohib shudan yo qat namudani shahrvandii Jumhurii Tojikiston dar nizomnoma dar borai tartibi barrasii masalahoi shahrvandii Jumhurii Tojikiston muayyan karda meshavand.

Moddai 36. Sitonidani boji davlati va khiroji konsuli

Baroi barrasi va dodani hujjathoi sohib shudan ba shahrvandii Jumhurii Tojikiston va qat namudani shahrvandii Jumhurii Tojikiston bo andoza va tibqi tartibi muqarrarnamudai qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston boji davlati va khiroji konsuli sitonida meshavand.

Moddai 37. Muhlati barrasii darkhostho oid ba masalahoi shahrvandii Jumhurii Tojikiston

Muhlati barrasii darkhostho va peshnihodho oid ba masalahoi shahrvandii Jumhurii Tojikiston, qabuli qaror dar borai sohib shudan ba shahrvandii Jumhurii Tojikiston va qat gardidani shahrvandii Jumhurii Tojikiston nametavonad az yak sol az ruzi peshnihodi darkhost, manzur namudani peshnihod va tamomi hujjathoi zarurii ba tavri dakhldor barasmiyatdarovardashuda ziyod boshad.

Moddai 38. Qabul namudani darkhosthoi takrori oid ba masalahoi shahrvandii Jumhurii Tojikiston

  1. Peshnihodi darkhosthoi takrori dar borai sohib shudan ba shahrvandii Jumhurii Tojikiston yo qat namudani shahrvandii Jumhurii Tojikiston jihati barrasi bo guzashtani na kamtar az yak sol pas az qabuli qarori qabli imkonpazir ast.
  2. Hangomi oshkor shudani holathoi qablan nomalum darkhosthoi takrori mumkin ast baroi barrasi be rioyai muhlati dar qismi 1 moddai mazkur peshbinishuda qabul karda shavand.

Moddai 39. Sanai sohib shudan yo qat namudani shahrvandii Jumhurii Tojikiston

  1. SHahrvandii Jumhurii Tojikiston ba dast ovarda meshavad:

– az ruzi tavalludi kudak – mutobiqi moddai 13 Qonuni konstitutsionii mazkur;

– az ruzi farzandkhondii  kudak – mutobiqi qismhoi 1 va 2 moddai 28 Qonuni konstitutsionii mazkur;

– dar holathoi digar – az ruzi barovardani farmoni dakhldori Prezidenti Jumhurii Tojikiston.

  1. SHahrvandii Jumhurii Tojikiston az ruzi barovardani farmoni dakhldori Prezidenti Jumhurii Tojikiston qat karda meshavad.

Moddai 40. Hujjathoe, ki dar robita ba shahrvandii Jumhurii Tojikistonro sohib shudan yo qat namudan doda meshavand

  1. Ba shakhsone, ki dar hududi Jumhurii Tojikiston istiqomat namuda, bo tartibi muqarrarnamudai Qonuni konstitutsionii mazkur  shahrvandii Jumhurii Tojikistonro sohib shudaand, az jonibi maqomoti korhoi dokhili shinosnomai shahrvandi Jumhurii Tojikiston doda meshavad. Dar hujjathoi kudakone, ki ba sinni shonzdah narasidaand, dar borai mansubiyati onho ba shahrvandii Jumhurii Tojikiston qayd guzoshta meshavad. Dar surati gayriimkon budani guzoshtani qayd dar hujjathoi kudakon, ba onho malumotnoma doda meshavad, ki mansubiyati onhoro ba shahrvandii Jumhurii Tojikiston tasdiq menamoyad.
  2. Ba shakhsone, ki berun az hududi Jumhurii Tojikiston istiqomat namuda, bo tartibi muqarrarnamudai Qonuni konstitutsionii mazkur  shahrvandii Jumhurii Tojikistonro sohib shudaand, az jonibi maqomoti korhoi khoriji shinosnomai umumishahrvandii khorijii shahrvandi Jumhurii Tojikiston yo shahodatnomai bozgasht ba Jumhurii Tojikiston doda meshavad.
  3. Ba shakhsone, ki dar hududi Jumhurii Tojikiston istiqomat namuda, shahrvandii Jumhurii Tojikiston doshtanashon bo tartibi muqarrarnamudai Qonuni konstitutsionii mazkur qat gardida,  shahrvandi davlati khoriji nestand, maqomoti korhoi dokhili guvohnomai iqomat bapoi shakhsoni beshahrvand medihand va hujjathoe, ki shahrvandii onhoro tasdiq mekunand, girifta meshavand. Baroi az hududi Jumhurii Tojikiston baromadani shakhsi beshahrvand az jonibi maqomoti korhoi dokhili hujjati dakhldor  doda meshavad.
  4. Ba shakhsone, ki berun az hududi Jumhurii Tojikiston istiqomat doshta, shahrvandii Jumhurii Tojikiston doshtanashon bo tartibi muqarrarnamudai Qonuni konstitutsionii mazkur qat yofta,  shahrvandi davlati khoriji nestand, maqomoti korhoi khoriji shahodatnoma bapoi shakhsoni beshahrvand medihand, ki az jonibi maqomoti korhoi dokhili ba rasmiyat darovarda shudaast  va hujjathoe, ki shahrvandii onhoro tasdiq mekunand, girifta meshavand.

BOBI 7. 
MUQARRAROTI HOTIMAVI

Moddai 41. SHikoyat nisbat ba qarori maqomot va amalhoi shakhsoni mansabdor oid ba masalahoi shahrvandii Jumhurii Tojikiston 

Nisbat ba qarori maqomot va amalhoi shakhsoni mansabdor oid ba masalahoi az jonibi onho beasos rad kardani qabuli darkhostho oid ba masalahoi shahrvandii Jumhurii Tojikiston, rioya nakardani muhlat va tartibi barrasii darkhostho, tartibi sohib shudan va qat namudani shahrvandii Jumhurii Tojikiston, ijroi qarorho oid ba masalahoi shahrvandii Jumhurii Tojikiston ba maqomoti boloi yo ba sud shikoyat kardan mumkin ast.

Moddai 42. Javobgari baroi rioya nakardani talaboti Qonuni konstitutsionii mazkur 

SHakhsoni voqei va huquqi baroi rioya nakardani talaboti Qonuni konstitutsionii mazkur tibqi qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston ba javobgari kashida meshavand.

Moddai 43. Dar borai az etibor soqit donistani Qonuni konstitutsionii Jumhurii Tojikiston «Dar borai shahrvandii Jumhurii Tojikiston»

Qonuni konstitutsionii Jumhurii Tojikiston az 4 noyabri soli 1995 «Dar borai shahrvandii Jumhurii Tojikiston» (Akhbori Majlisi Olii Jumhurii Tojikiston, s.1995, №21, mod. 243; s.2008, №10, mod.793) az etibor soqit donista shavad.

Moddai 44. Tartibi mavridi amal qaror dodani Qonuni konstitutsionii mazkur 

Qonuni konstitutsionii mazkur pas az intishori rasmi mavridi amal qaror doda shavad.

Prezidenti  Jumhurii Tojikiston   Emomali RAHMON

sh. Dushanbe, 8 avgusti soli 2015, № 1208

 

 

 

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