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Realizmi sotsialisti

In jarayon ba harakati korgari va paydoishi idelogiyai sotsialisti aloqamand ast. On asosan az Kommunai Parij ogoz yoftaast. SHoiri kommunar Ejen Pote, ki shakhsan dar barrikadaho bar ziddi versalchiyon mejangid, sheri mashhuri khud “Internasional”-ro navisht, ki on badtar surudi kommuniston gardid. Dar qatori E. Pote shoironi digari Kommunai Parij – Jan-Batista, Luiza Mishel va digaron dar borai maqsadu maromi sinfi korgar va muborizai on bar ziddi burjuaziya va zamoni kuhna asarho ejod kardaand.

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Dar solhoi 80-um navisandai kommunarho Jyul Valles asari segonai “Jak-Vetra’’-ro ofarid, ki dar borai hayoti vaznini qahramoni khud – az bachagiash cap karda to jonbozihoi u dar sangarho naql mekunad.

Dar okhirhoi asri XIX – avvali asri XX shoironu navisandagoni digari adabiyoti realizmi sotsialisti ba voya rasidand va na tanho dar Faronsa.

Navisandai marufi realizmi sotsialistii rus A. M. Gorkiy bud. Mo goyahoi in raviyai realizmro dar “Taronai murgi tufon”, “Taronai murgi lochin”, romani “Modar” va asarhoi digari u baralo mebinem. A. M. Gorkiy ifodagari manfiathoi sinfi korgar va dehqon bud. U bovari dosht, ki sinfi korgar bar barjuaziya galaba mekunad.

Adabiyoti realizmi sotsialisti dar mamlakathoi digar ham paydo meshavad. Badtar on dar IJSHS va mamlakathoi digari sotsialisti ba zinai balandi taraqqiyoti khud rasida, qismi tarkibii ideologiyai marksistiro tashkil namud. In adabiyot khususiyati sinfi dosht.

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