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Ramzhoi davlatii Tojikiston

Bar asosi Nizomnoma Dar borai Nishoni davlatii Jumhurii Tojikiston, ki 11 dekabri soli 1999 bo Qarori № 891 Majlisi Olii Jumhurii Tojikiston tasdiq shudaast:

  1. Nishoni davlatii Jumhurii Tojikiston ramzi istiqloliyati davlatii Jumhurii Tojikiston meboshad.
  2. Nishoni davlatii Jumhurii Tojikiston iborat ast az tasviri toji tansiqshuda va nimdoira az haft sitorae, ki bo nurhoi oftobi az pasi kuhhoi barfpush tulukunanda rui onro giriftaast va bo chanbare oro yoftaast, ki atrofashro az tarafi rost khushahoi gandum va az tarafi chap shokhahoi pakhtai shukufon ihota kardaast. Boloi chanbara bo tasmai serakha pechonda shuda, dar qismi poyon rui kursi kitobi boz joy giriftaast. Nishoni davlatii Jumhurii Tojikiston ranga buda, toj, oftob, kuhho, khushahoi gandum, kitob va kursi bo zarhal tasvir yofta, poyavu barghoi niholhoi pakhta sabz, rakhhoi tasmaho surkh, safed va sabz buda, muqovai kitob surkh meboshad. Nishoni Jumhurii Tojikiston iborat ast az tasviri toji tansiqshuda va nimdoira az haft sitorae, ki bo nurhoi oftobi az pasi kuhhoi barfpush tulukunanda rui onro giriftaast va bo chanbare oro yoftaast, ki atrofashro az tarafi rost khushahoi gandum va az tarafi chap shokhahoi pakhtai shukufon ihota kardaast. Boloi chanbara bo navori serakha pechonda shuda, dar qismi poyon rui kursi kitobi boz joy giriftaast.

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Nishoni davlatii Jumhurii Tojikiston 28 dekabri soli 1993 pazirufta shudaast.

Bar asosi Nizomnoma Dar borai Parchami davlatii Jumhurii Tojikiston, ki 11 dekabri soli 1999 bo Qarori № 892 Majlisi Olii Jumhurii Tojikiston tasdiq shudaast:

  1. Parchami davlatii Jumhurii Tojikiston ramzi istiqloliyati davlatii Jumhurii Tojikiston meboshad.
  2. Parchami davlatii Jumhurii Tojikiston matoi rostkunjaest, ki dar rui on se rakhi rangai ba tavri ufuqi joygirifta kashida shudaast: rakhi bolo rangi surkh doshta, pahnoi on ba rakhi sabzi poyon barobar meboshad; rakhi safedi mobayni yakunim barobari pahnoi yake az rakhhoi ranga ast. Dar rui rakhi safed, az joi chubdasta dar mobayni parcham bo zarhal ramzi toji tansiq shuda va dar boloi on haft sitora dar shakli nimdoira tasvir shudaast. Tanosubi baru darozii umumii parcham 1:2 ast. Toj va sitorahoi parcham dar shakli rostkunjae joy doda shudaast, ki pahlui amudiash 0,8 va pahlui ufuqiash 1,0-i pahnoi rakhi safed ast. Sitorahoi panjgusha dar doirai qutrash 0,15 aks yofta, dar nimdoirai radiusash 0,5-i pahnoi rakhi safed joy megirand. Toji balandiash 0,55-i pahnoi rakhi safed, ba asos ba tavri nimdoirai radiusash 1,2-i bari rakhi safed moil megardad. CHor unsuri kamonshakl, ki boloi tojro tashkil medihand, dar markaz bo qismati doirai qutrash 0, 2-i rakhi safed vasl megardand.

Ranghoi millii tojikon

Ranghoi millii tojikon chun digar mardumi ariyonajod va eronitabor surkhu safedu sabz hastand? ki az gahi boston to kunun zamon rasidaand.

Dar jomeahoi oriyoi (hindueroni) tabaqahoi segonai asli bo rangi vijai khud tabir va shinokhta meshudaand. Dar zaboni hindii boston varna- (az reshai var- «pushidan») ham ba manoi rang va ham ba manoi tabaqai ijtimoi budaast. Dar zaboni eronii boston niz pištra- ham mafhumi rang doshta va ham manii tabaqai ijtimoi. Vojai “pesha” ba manoi “shugl” dar zaboni forsi-tojiki az hamin voja ast.

Dar on ruzgor rangi safed vijai ruhoniyon, surkh vijai razmiyon va kabud vijai mardum (kishovarzon va chorvodoron) budaast. Du rang az on se rang hanuz ham dar dirafshi Eron hastand: surkhu safed. Ammo rangi sevum ba joi kabud sabz gashtaast va ittifoqan ba kori kishovarzon nazdiktar ast.

Dar Eron pesh az gustarishi Islom tabaqahoi sunnatii jomea bino bar sunnat jomahoe mepushidand ki az nazari rang bo yakdigar mutafovit va muarrifi shakhsiyati tabaqotii sohibi joma budand. Ruhoniyon ki onhoro osrunon (Avesto: āθravan-, aθaurvan- [āsrōnān]) mekhondand, jomae safed mepushidand va mazhari osmonii onho Hurmuzd bud. Ruhoniyoni zardushti hanuz ham jomai safed bar tan dorand.

Jangovaron yo artishtoron (avestoi: raθaē-štar-) jomae mepushidand ki surkh va arguvoni dar tarkibi on sahmi bisyor dosht va mazharii osmonii onho Voy bud.

Vostriyushon (Avesto: vāstrya.fšuyant-) ki dar davrai Sosoniyon beshtar dehqononi soddai rustohoro bad-on nom mekhondand, jomae nili yo kabud mepushidand va mazhari osmonii onho Sipehr bud. Jomai nilirangi dehqonon to chand daha pesh dar Eron hanuz rivoj dosht.

Dar adabiyoti pahlavi Hurmuzd (Avesto: ahura.mazdā-; pahlavi: ohrmazd) jomai safedi ruhoniyon, Voy (Avesto: vayu-/vayaw-; pahlavi: way – ba manii fazo, – ezidi jang) jomai arguvonii artishtoron va Sipehr (Avesto: θwāša; pahlavi: spihr) jomai nilii kishovarzonro bar tan dorand va har yak muarrifi minui yake az tabaqahoi segonai jomaea hastand.

Dirafshi Koviyoni

Har kishvare baroi shinosonidani khud nishonu parcham dorad. Kuhantarin namodi kishvardorii tojikon parchame bo nomi “Dirafshi Koviyoni” budaast ki onro “Akhtari Koviyoni” niz khondaand.

Vojahoi “akhtar” va “dirafsh” dar sadahoi peshin chun “nishon” va “parcham” ba kor meraftaand. Dar mutabartarin farhanghoi forsi “akhtar”-ro sitora navishtaand va sitorai bakhtu tole, bakhtu iqbol va alamu royatu parcham niz guftaand. “Dirafsh” az vojai dirafshidan, durakhshidan, rushnoi dodan, partav afkandan va tobidan sokhta shudaast va ba manoi parcham, alam, alomatu bayraq omadaast.

Nishon va Parcham dar solhoi 1924 – 1929

Tojikiston 14 oktyabri 1924 chun Jumhurii Mukhtori SHuravii Sotsialistii Tojikiston dar tarkibi JSHS Uzbakiston bunyod shud va 16 oktyabri 1929 ba Jumhurii SHuravii Sotsialistii Tojikiston tabdil va ba tarkibi IJSHS dokhil shud. In parcham 23 fevrali 1929 pazirufta shudaast.

Parcham dar solhoi 1931 – 1935

Bo jumhurii ittihodii JSHS Tojikiston elon shudani Tojikiston va pazirishi Konstitusiyai JSHS Tojikiston, parchami on niz digar shud va in darafshro 25 fevrali 1931 sokhtaand.

Parcham dar solhoi 1935 – 1940

4 iyuli 1935 parcham digargun shud va nomi jumhuri dar parcham ba zaboni rusi navishta shud.

Parcham dar solhoi 1940 – 1946

Soli 1928 alifboi tojikiro az porsi ba lotini tabdil dodand. In digarguni dar parcham niz tagyirot darovard. Dar on ruzgor nomi jumhuriro dar parcham bo harfhoi zarhalii lotini (RSS Tojikiston) va rusi (Tadjikskaya SSR) menavishtand va dar boloi on nishonai zarrini “dosu bolga”-ro menigoshtand.

Parcham dar solhoi 1946 – 1953

Soli 1940 alifbo az lotini ba kirilii rusi tabdil doda shud va parcham niz digargun shud. Rangi on surkh mond va nomi jumhuri dar parcham bo harfhoi zarhalii kirillii tojiki (RSS Tojikiston) va kirilii rusi (Tadjikskaya SSR) navishta shud. Dar boloi nomi jumhuri nishonai zarrini “dosu putk” nigoshta shud.

Nishon va Parchami JSHS Tojikiston az 20-03-1953 to 9-09-1991

Parchami JSHS Tojikiston porchai surkhe bud ba andozai 1:2 ki du rakhi safed va sabz dosht. Rakhi safed du barobar pahntar az rakhi sabz bud. Rangi safed ramzi pakhtakori, bunyodi farhangu sanati kishvar va rangi sabz namoyandai digar mahsuloti kishovarzi bud.

Nishon va Parchami Tojikiston dar solhoi 1991 – 1993

In nishoni sherdor az mohi noyabri soli 1992 to mohi dekabri 1993 nishoni rasmii davlati Tojikiston bud.

To pazirishi parchami kununi, Tojikiston parchami peshinai shuraviashro, bo andak digarguni, be sitorai panjgusha va nishonai kommunistii “dosu bolga” ba kor meburd.

Ranghoi parcham ba andozai zerin budand: 1:2 surkh, 1:5 safed, 1:10 sabz, 1:5 surkh.

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