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RAVANDHOI INFORMATSIONI

Tavre qayd kardem, mafhumi informatsiya bo amaliyothoi daryoft, gunkuni, qabul, nigahdori, zakhirasozi, tabdil, irsol, sabt va istifoda zich aloqamand ast. Majmui in amaliyothoro odatan ravandhoi informatsioni meguyand. Azbaski ravandhoi informatsionii gunogun metavonand tajhizot va tekhnologiyahoi kullan mukhtalifro istifoda namoyand, binobar in, hangomi baloihagirii sistemahoi informatsioni in ravandhoro az hamdigar hatman judo tasvir namudan lozim ast. Masalan, baroi daryofti informatsiya mo metavonem az vositahoi tekhniki (datchikho), hujjatho, formahoi ekranii kompyuteri va gayra istifoda barem.

exnologiyai-infoBaroi korkardi kompyuterii informatsiya boshad, az protsessorho istifoda burdan lozim meoyad, ki miqdori onho dar kompyuterhoi fardii hozirazamon az 10-to ham ziyodtar ast: markazi, grafiki, printeri va gayra. Informatsiyaro ham dar shakli kogazi (hujjatho) va ham elektroni – dar diskhoi magniti, optiki, flesh-kartaho va gayra nigah doshtan mumkin ast. Baroi intiqoli informatsiya barandagoni nomburda va shabakahoi aloqavi khizmat merasonand.

Ravandhoi informatsioni dar olami zinda, jomea va tekhnika ba tavri vase tadbiqi khudro yoftaand.

Faoliyati informatsionii inson. 

Tajribai ruzgor va donishi insoniyat nisbat ba tabiat dar omekhtagi bo azkhudkunii informatsiya rushd yoftaast. Mahz hamin ravand ba tashakkuli infosfera ovarda rasonidaast. Garchande mafhumi korkardi informatsiya ba nazdiki paydo shuda boshad ham, vale metodhoi korkardi informatsiyaro odamon hanuz az zamonhoi qadim medonistand va onhoro dar mavridhoi zaruri mavridi istifoda qaror medodand.

Dar ibtido informatsiya az nasl ba nasl bo tavri shifohi intiqol doda meshud. Malumotho oid ba malakahoi kasbi, az qabili tarzhoi shikor, korkardi ganimathoi az shikor badastomada, usulhoi zamindori va gayra misolhoi informatsiyai shifohi shuda metavonand. Vale badtar inson tarzhoi baqaydgirii obrazhoi grafikii obekthoi muhiti  trofro azkhud namud. Avvalin rasmhoi boloisangii hayvonotu nabotot va odamon taqriban 20-30 hazor sol qabl paydo shudaand.

Justujuy va daryofti metodhoi navbatii baqaydgirii informatsiya ba ejodi khat ovarda rasonid. Dar Hindustoni qadim odamon dar barghoi darakhti nakhl, dar Bobuliston dar takhtahoi safolin, dar Osiyo dar devori gorho va dar Rusi kuhan dar pustlokhi darakhti tus menavishtand. Ejodi khat qadami navi inson dar sohai nigahdori va intiqoli informatsiya bud.

Hodisai nakhustini inqilobi dar in soha ikhtiroi tajhizoti chopi ba hisob meravad. Tajhizoti chopi imkon dod, ki odamon donishi kasbii khudro tavassuti barandai moddii informatsiya – kitob pahn kunand. Vale kitob hamchun barandai informatsiya vositai murakkab, nobob, qimat va khele «sust» ba hisob meravad.

Hama pahluhoi mazmunii kitob hangomi varaqzani, mutolia namudan va dida baromadani on kushoda meshavad. Vay bevosita ba ravandi istehsoli tasir rasonida nametavonad. Saravval odam boyad kitobi zaruriro dastras kunad, bad donishi dar on mahfuzbudaro omuzad va soni onro baroi taraqqi dodani istehsolot istifoda namoyad. Binobar in, imruz kitob hamchun barandai informatsiya nametavonad ba surati bemaylon boloravandai azkhudkunii tabiat yagon tasiri nazarras rasonida tavonad.

Bo guzashti vaqt hajmi mubodilai informatsiyai bayni odamon niz afzudaast. Baroi gunkuni, korkard va intiqoli informatsiya nashriyotu tipografiya – sanoati informatsioni tavlid gardidaast. Ruznomavu majallaho, ki bo tedodi ziyod nashr megardidand, ba odamon ba gayr az informatsiyai mufid boz yak miqdor malumoti nolozimro niz bor menamudand.

EZOH: Baroi ishorati malumoti nolozim az mafhumi makhsusi magali (gubor) informatsioni istifoda mebarand.

Ba gayr az mahsuloti chopi, ohista-ohista digar vositahoi informatsionii ommavi – radio va televizion niz arzi vujud namudand. Va imruz agar dar khususi intiqoli informatsiyae gap ravad, odatan dar nazar ast, ki vay tavassuti radio yo televizion pakhsh gardidaast va yo dar majalla, yo ruznomae nashr shudaast.

Dar barobari shaklhoi nombarshuda, shakli digari faoliyati informatsionii inson muntazam taraqqi kardaast. Davlathoi alohida ba khotiri vasegardonii territoriyaashon nisbat ba hamsoyagoni khud siyosati agressiviro pesh meburdand. Guzaronidani amaliyoti jangi boshad, dar ikhtiyor doshtani yak miqdor informatsiyaro dar khususi potensiali harbii raqib talab menamud. In guna informatsiyaro tavassuti razvedka dastras namudan mumkin bud. Baroi az dushman emin nigoh doshtani informatsiyai dastrasshuda, masalai yoftani tarzi hifzi informatsiya pesh omad.

Hamin tariq, metodhoi kodironi (ramzbandi) va intiqoli zudu bekhatari informatsiya paydo shudand.

 

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