Peyzaj

Peyzaj janrest, ki yagon namudi mahalro tasvir menamo- yad. Kalimai mazkuri faronsavi monandi «mamlakat», «zamin» tarjuma meshavad. To asri XVII peyzaj dar rasmho ba tavri oddi zermanzar bud. Hamchun janri mustaqil onro rassomoni Gollan­diya muayyan namudaand.

«Sokhtmoni NBO». A. Tursunkulov
«Sokhtmoni NBO». A. Tursunkulov

Dar sanati tasvirii peyzaj du namudi asosi – epiki va liriki paydo shud. Dar rasmho tasvir karda shudand: hashamati tabiat, vodihoi bekanor, qullahoi kuhho, farokhihoi bahrho.

Dar peyzajhoi epiki binandagon ehsosi hamdardi, khursandi yo gamro dark mekunand, tasviri rasmho komiltar, qahramonona ast.

 

Ammo dar tasvirhoi peyzaji liriki ba inson oromi tasir mebakhshad, tabiat dar khomushi tasvir yoftaast.

«Kayhon». A. Leonov
«Kayhon». A. Leonov

Dar asri XXI bo vujudi rushdi suratnoki progressi ilmiyu tekhniki, rassomon tasvir kardani peyzajhoi epiki va liriki: shahrho, dehaho va manzarahoi bahrro idoma medihand.
Dar in zamon namudi navi peyzaj – industriali paydo megar- dad.
Peyzaji sanoati (industriyavi) – rasmho bo tasviri korkhonahoi sanoati, zavodu, fabrikaho, sokhtmonhoi azim va obekthoi digar.

Pas az parvozi inson ba kayhon ejodi peyzajhoi kayhoni shu- ru gardid, ki onho qablan hatto dar tafakkuri insonho joy na- dosht. Aleksey Arkhipovich Leonov – nakhustin kayhonnavarde, ki ba fazoi kushodi kayhon baromad. Az ruyi peyzajhoi kayhonii u malum ast, ki vay inchunin rassomi boistedod ast.

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Adabiyot va ilm dar asri XVI

Vaziyati siyosie, ki az avvali asri XVI dar Movarounnahr va Huroson faroham omad, ba hayoti …