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Paydoishi tarbiyai jismoni va varzish

Mashqhoi chismoni khanuz dar davrahoi qadim paydo shudaand. Ba odamoni nakhustin shabu ruz lozim meomad, ki khudro az hujumi hayvon- hoi darranda, az kuvvahoi tabiat muhofizat kunand va baroi khud rizqu ruzi paydo namoyand. Bazan shikorchiyon khud tumai hayvonkhoi darran- da va ofathoi tabii megashtand. Tanho zurtarinho, chobuktarinkho va purtoqattarinho zinda memondand.

Hangomi rizqu ruzi paydo namudan va baroi muhofizati khud odamonaz sang va chub istifoda mekardand. Hangomi az hayvonkhoi darranda gurekhtan medavidand, az moneakhoi gunogun khazida yo khud jakhida meguzashtand, baroi shab panoh shudan ba boloi darakht mebaro- madand.

Okhista-okhista odamon fahmidand, ki natijai in yo on kharakat az usulhoi muayyan vobastagi dorad. Masalan, pas az partoftankhoi ziyod sang durtar meaftad. Inson hangomi qomatashro kame ba pesh kham kardan zudtar medavad, agar pesh az jahidan kame bidavad – durtar khohad jast. In usulkhoro takhlil namuda, odamon az onho hangomi mehnat va shikor istifoda meburdand. Hamin tavr zina ba zina shak- lkhoi madaniyati harakathoe, ki dar oyanda qismi asosii tarbiyai jismo-

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Takrori harakagho, mashqkho baroi na tankho khubtar ijro namuda- ni harakat, balki baroi takmili tamomi uzvkhoi badan niz yori medi- hand. Dar vaqthoi kholi odamon na tanho dam megiriftandu vaqtkhushi mekardand, onho inchunin khud va farzandoni khudro az dushvorihoi hayot, ba himoya az dushmanon tayyor menamudand. Bo maqsadi omodagi mashqhoi gunoguni jismoniro istifoda mekardand. Masalan, dar shahri qadimii Spartai YUnoni Qadim kudakon, navrason, javononi 7 – 20-sola ruzi daroz dar maktabkhoi makhsus talim megiriftand. Onho bo qadamzany, jahidan, partoftan mashgul meshudand.

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